40 CFR 91.704 - Exemptions and exclusions.
(a) Individuals and businesses are eligible to import nonconforming marine SI engines into the United States only under the provisions of this section.
(b) Notwithstanding other requirements of this subpart, a nonconforming marine SI engine entitled to one of the temporary exemptions of this paragraph may be conditionally admitted into the United States if prior written approval for the conditional admission is obtained from the Administrator. Conditional admission must be under bond. The Administrator may request that the U.S. Customs Service require a specific bond amount to ensure compliance with the requirements of the Act and this subpart. A written request for approval from the Administrator must contain the identification required in § 91.703(b) and information that demonstrates that the importer is entitled to the exemption. Noncompliance with provisions of this section may result in the forfeiture of the total amount of the bond or exportation of the marine engine. The following temporary exemptions are permitted by this paragraph:
(1) Exemption for repairs or alterations. Upon written approval by EPA, a person may conditionally import under bond a nonconforming marine SI engine solely for purpose of repair(s) or alteration(s). The marine SI engines may not be operated in the United States other than for the sole purpose of repair or alteration. It may not be sold or leased in the United States and must be exported upon completion of the repair(s) or alteration(s).
(2) Testing exemption. A nonconforming test marine SI engine may be conditionally imported under bond by a person subject to the requirements of § 91.1005. A test marine SI engine may be operated in the United States provided that the operation is an integral part of the test. This exemption is limited to a period not exceeding one year from the date of importation unless a request is made by the appropriate importer, and subsequently granted by EPA, concerning the marine engine in accordance with § 91.1005(f) for a subsequent one-year period.
(3) Display exemptions.
(i) A nonconforming marine engine intended solely for display may be conditionally imported under bond subject to the requirements of § 91.1007.
(ii) A display marine engine may be imported by any person for purposes related to a business or the public interest. Such purposes do not include collections normally inaccessible or unavailable to the public on a daily basis, display of a marine engine at a dealership, private use, or other purpose that the Administrator determines is not appropriate for display exemptions. A display marine engine may not be sold or leased in the United States and may not be operated in the United States except for the operation incident and necessary to the display purpose.
(iii) A temporary display exemption is granted for 12 months or for the duration of the display purpose, whichever is shorter. Extensions of up to 12 months each are available upon approval by the Administrator. In no circumstances, however, may the total period of exemption exceed 36 months.
(c) Notwithstanding any other requirement of this subpart, a marine SI engine may be finally admitted into the United States under this paragraph if prior written approval for such final admission is obtained from the Administrator. A request for approval is to contain the identification information required in § 91.703(b) (except for § 91.703(b)(5)) and information that demonstrates that the importer is entitled to the exemption. The following exemptions are permitted by this paragraph:
(1) National security exemption. A nonconforming marine engine may be imported under the national security exemption found at § 91.1008.
(2) Exemption for marine engines identical to United States certified versions.
(i) Any person (including businesses) is eligible for importing a nonconforming marine SI engine into the United States under the provisions of this paragraph. An exemption will be granted if the applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Administrator that the marine engine:
(A) Is owned by the importer;
(B) Is not offered for importation for the purpose of resale; and
(C) Is proven to be identical, in all material respects, to a marine SI engine of the same or later model year certified by the Original Engine Manufacturer for sale in the United States or is proven to have been modified to be identical, in all material respects, to a marine engine of the same or later model year certified by the OEM for sale in the United States according to complete written instructions provided by the OEM's United States representative, or his/her designee.
(ii) Proof of conformity.
(A) Documentation submitted pursuant to this section for the purpose of proving conformity of individual marine engines is to contain sufficiently organized data or evidence demonstrating that the marine engine identified pursuant to § 91.703(b) is identical, in all material respects, to a marine engine identified in an OEM's application for certification.
(B) If the documentation does not contain all the information required by this part, or is not sufficiently organized, EPA will notify the importer of any areas of inadequacy and that the documentation will not receive further consideration until the required information or organization is provided.
(C) If EPA determines that the documentation does not clearly or sufficiently demonstrate that a marine engine is eligible for importation under this paragraph, EPA will notify the importer in writing.
(D) If EPA determines that the documentation clearly and sufficiently demonstrates that a marine engine is eligible for importation under this paragraph, EPA will grant approval for final admission in writing.
(d) Foreign diplomatic and military personnel may conditionally import a nonconforming marine engine without bond. At the time of conditional admission, the importer must submit to the Administrator the written report required in § 91.703(b) (except for information required by § 91.703(b)(5)) and a statement from the U.S. Department of State confirming qualification for this exemption. Foreign military personnel may, in lieu of a statement from the U.S. Department of State, submit to the Administrator a copy of their orders for duty in the United States. The marine SI engine may not be sold or leased in the United States and must be exported if the individual's diplomatic status or the foreign military orders for duty in the U.S. are no longer applicable, as determined by the Department of State, unless subsequently brought into conformity with U.S. emission requirements in accordance with § 91.704(c)(2).
(e) Competition exclusion. A nonconforming marine engine may be conditionally imported by any person provided the importer demonstrates to the Administrator that the marine engine is used to propel a marine vessel used solely for competition and obtains prior written approval from the Administrator. A nonconforming engine imported pursuant to this paragraph may not be operated in the United States except for that operation incident and necessary for the competition purpose, unless subsequently brought into conformity with United States emission requirements in accordance with § 91.704(c)(2).
(f) An application for exemption and exclusion provided for in paragraphs (b), (c), and (e) of this section shall be mailed to: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Mobile Sources, Engine Programs & Compliance Division (6403-J), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460, Attention: Imports.