40 CFR 92.606 - Maintenance, procurement and testing of in-use locomotives.
(a) A test locomotive must have a maintenance history that is representative of actual in-use conditions, and identical or equivalent to the manufacturer's or remanufacturer's recommended emission-related maintenance requirements.
(1) In procuring in-use locomotives for in-use testing, a manufacturer or remanufacturer shall question the end users regarding the accumulated usage, maintenance, operating conditions, and storage of the test locomotives.
(2) The selection of test locomotives is made by the manufacturer or remanufacturer, and is subject to EPA approval. Information used by the manufacturer or remanufacturer to procure locomotives for in-use testing shall be maintained as required in § 92.215.
(b) The manufacturer or remanufacturer may perform minimal set-to-spec maintenance on a test locomotive prior to conducting in-use testing. Maintenance may include only that which is listed in the owner's instructions for locomotives with the amount of service and age of the acquired test locomotive. Documentation of all maintenance and adjustments shall be maintained and retained.
(c) Results of one valid emission test using the test procedure outlined in subpart B of this part is required for each in-use locomotive.
(d) If in-use testing results show that an in-use locomotive fails to comply with any applicable emission standards, the manufacturer or remanufacturer shall determine the reason for noncompliance. The manufacturer or remanufacturer must report all determinations for noncompliance in its quarterly in-use test result report pursuant to § 92.607(a)(11).