40 CFR 92.703 - Voluntary emissions recall.
(a) Prior to an EPA ordered recall, a manufacturer or remanufacturer may perform (without petition) a voluntary emissions recall pursuant to regulations in subpart E of this part. Such manufacturer or remanufacturer is subject to the reporting requirements in subpart E of this part.
(b) If a determination of nonconformity with the requirements of section 213 of the Act is made (i.e. if EPA orders a recall under the provisions of section 207(c)), the manufacturer(s) or remanufacturer(s) will not have the option of an alternate remedial action and an actual recall would be required.