40 CFR Appendix Table 31 to Subpart UUU of Part 63, Continuous Monitoring Systems for HAP Emissions From Sulfur Recovery Units

Table 31 to Subpart UUU of Part 63 - Continuous Monitoring Systems for HAP Emissions From Sulfur Recovery Units

As stated in § 63.1568(b)(1), you shall meet each requirement in the following table that applies to you.

For . . . For this limit . . . You shall install and operate this continuous monitoring system . . .
1. Subject to NSPS. Each new or existing Claus sulfur recovery unit part of a sulfur recovery plant with design capacity greater than 20 LTD and subject to the NSPS for sulfur oxides in 40 CFR 60.104(a)(2) or 60.102a(f)(1) . a. 250 ppmv (dry basis) of SO2 at zero percent excess air if you use an oxidation or reduction control system followed by incineration Continuous emission monitoring system to measure and record the hourly average concentration of SO2 (dry basis) at zero percent excess air for each exhaust stack. This system must include an oxygen monitor for correcting the data for excess air.
b. 300 ppmv of reduced sulfur compounds calculated as ppmv SO2 (dry basis) at zero percent excess air if you use a reduction control system without incineration Continuous emission monitoring system to measure and record the hourly average concentration of reduced sulfur and oxygen (O2) emissions. Calculate the reduced sulfur emissions as SO2 (dry basis) at zero percent excess air. Exception: You can use an instrument having an air or SO2 dilution and oxidation system to convert the reduced sulfur to SO2 for continuously monitoring and recording the concentration (dry basis) at zero percent excess air of the resultant SO2 instead of the reduced sulfur monitor. The monitor must include an oxygen monitor for correcting the data for excess oxygen.
c. If you use Equation 1 of 40 CFR 60.102a(f)(1)(i) to set your emission limit i. Complete either item 1.a or item 1.b; and
ii. Either a continuous emission monitoring system to measure and record the O2 concentration for the inlet air/oxygen supplied to the system or a continuous parameter monitoring system to measure and record the volumetric gas flow rate of ambient air and purchased oxygen-enriched gas.
2. Option 1: Elect NSPS. Each new or existing sulfur recovery unit (Claus or other type, regardless of size) not subject to the NSPS for sulfur oxides in 40 CFR 60.104(a)(2) or 60.102a(f)(1) . a. 250 ppmv (dry basis) of SO2 at zero percent excess air if you use an oxidation or reduction control system followed by incineration Continuous emission monitoring system to measure and record the hourly average concentration of SO2 (dry basis), at zero percent excess air for each exhaust stack. This system must include an oxygen monitor for correcting the data for excess air.
b. 300 ppmv of reduced sulfur compounds calculated as ppmv SO2 (dry basis) at zero percent excess air if you use a reduction control system without incineration. Continuous emission monitoring system to measure and record the hourly average concentration of reduced sulfur and O2 emissions for each exhaust stack. Calculate the reduced sulfur emissions as SO2 (dry basis), at zero percent excess air. Exception: You can use an instrument having an air or O2 dilution and oxidation system to convert the reduced sulfur to SO2 for continuously monitoring and recording the concentration (dry basis) at zero percent excess air of the resultant SO2 instead of the reduced sulfur monitor. The monitor must include an oxygen monitor for correcting the data for excess oxygen.
c. If you use Equation 1 of 40 CFR 60.102a(f)(1)(i) to set your emission limit i. Complete either item 2.a or item 2.b; and
ii. Either a continuous emission monitoring system to measure and record the O2 concentration for the inlet air/oxygen supplied to the system, or a continuous parameter monitoring system to measure and record the volumetric gas flow rate of ambient air and purchased oxygen-enriched gas.
3. Option 2: TRS limit. Each new or existing sulfur recovery unit (Claus or other type, regardless of size) not subject to the NSPS for sulfur oxides in 40 CFR 60.104(a)(2) or 60.102a(f)(1) . a. 300 ppmv of total reduced sulfur (TRS) compounds, expressed as an equivalent SO2 concentration (dry basis) at zero percent oxygen i. Continuous emission monitoring system to measure and record the hourly average concentration of TRS for each exhaust stack; this monitor must include an oxygen monitor for correcting the data for excess oxygen; or
ii. Continuous parameter monitoring systems to measure and record the combustion zone temperature of each thermal incinerator and the oxygen content (percent, dry basis) in the vent stream of the incinerator.
4. Startup or shutdown option 1: electing to comply with § 63.1568(a)(4)(ii) . Each new or existing sulfur recovery unit (Claus or other type, regardless of size) during periods of startup or shutdown. Any On and after January 30, 2019, monitoring systems as specified in §§ 63.670 and 63.671. Prior to January 30, 2019, either continuous parameter monitoring systems following the requirements in § 63.11 (to detect the presence of a flame; to measure and record the net heating value of the gas being combusted; and to measure and record the volumetric flow of the gas being combusted) or monitoring systems as specified in §§ 63.670 and 63.671.
5. Startup or shutdown option 2: electing to comply with § 63.1568(a)(4)(iii) . Each new or existing sulfur recovery unit (Claus or other type, regardless of size) during periods of startup or shutdown. Any Continuous parameter monitoring systems to measure and record the firebox temperature of each thermal incinerator or oxidizer and the oxygen content (percent, dry basis) in the exhaust vent from the incinerator or oxidizer.
[ 80 FR 75310, Dec. 1, 2015]

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United States Code

Title 40 published on 2015-08-22

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 63 after this date.

  • 2017-04-06; vol. 82 # 65 - Thursday, April 6, 2017
    1. 82 FR 16736 - Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS) Electronic Reporting Requirements
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective on April 6, 2017.
      40 CFR Part 63