42 CFR 414.65 - Payment for telehealth services.

§ 414.65 Payment for telehealth services.
(a) Professional service. Medicare payment for the professional service via an interactive telecommunications system is made according to the following limitations:
(1) The Medicare payment amount for office or other outpatient visits, subsequent hospital care services (with the limitation of one telehealth subsequent hospital care service every 3 days), subsequent nursing facility care services (not including the Federally-mandated periodic visits under § 483.40(c) and with the limitation of one telehealth nursing facility care service every 30 days), professional consultations, psychiatric diagnostic interview examination, neurobehavioral status exam, individual psychotherapy, pharmacologic management, end-stage renal disease-related services included in the monthly capitation payment (except for one “hands on” visit per month to examine the access site), individual and group medical nutrition therapy services, individual and group kidney disease education services, individual and group diabetes self-management training (DSMT) services (except for 1 hour of in-person DSMT services to be furnished in the year following the initial DSMT service to ensure effective injection training), and individual and group health and behavior assessment and intervention, and smoking cessation services furnished via an interactive telecommunications system is equal to the current fee schedule amount applicable for the service of the physician or practitioner.
(i) Initial inpatient telehealth consultations. The Medicare payment amount for initial inpatient telehealth consultations furnished via an interactive telecommunications system is equal to the current fee schedule amount applicable to initial hospital care provided by a physician or practitioner.
(ii) Follow-up inpatient telehealth consultations. The Medicare payment amount for follow-up inpatient telehealth consultations furnished via an interactive telecommunications system is equal to the current fee schedule amount applicable to subsequent hospital care provided by a physician or practitioner.
(2) Only the physician or practitioner at the distant site may bill and receive payment for the professional service via an interactive telecommunications system.
(3) Payments made to the physician or practitioner at the distant site, including deductible and coinsurance, for the professional service may not be shared with the referring practitioner or telepresenter.
(b) Originating site facility fee. For telehealth services furnished on or after October 1, 2001:
(1) For services furnished on or after October 1, 2001 through December 31, 2002, the payment amount to the originating site is the lesser of the actual charge or the originating site facility fee of $20. For services furnished on or after January 1 of each subsequent year, the facility fee for the originating site will be updated by the Medicare Economic Index (MEI) as defined in section 1842(i)(3) of the Act.
(2) Only the originating site may bill for the originating site facility fee and only on an assignment-related basis. The distant site physician or practitioner may not bill for or receive payment for facility fees associated with the professional service furnished via an interactive telecommunications system.
(c) Deductible and coinsurance apply. The payment for the professional service and originating site facility fee is subject to the coinsurance and deductible requirements of sections 1833(a)(1) and (b) of the Act.
(d) Assignment required for physicians, practitioners, and originating sites. Payment to physicians, practitioners, and originating sites is made only on an assignment-related basis.
(e) Sanctions. A distant site practitioner or originating site facility may be subject to the applicable sanctions provided for in chapter IV, part 402 and chapter V, parts 1001, 1002, and 1003 ofthis title if he or she does any of the following:
(1) Knowingly and willfully bills or collects for services in violation of the limitation of this section.
(2) Fails to timely correct excess charges by reducing the actual charge billed for the service in an amount that does not exceed the limiting charge for the service or fails to timely refund excess collections.
(3) Fails to submit a claim on a standard form for services provided for which payment is made on a fee schedule basis.
(4) Imposes a charge for completing and submitting the standard claims form.
[66 FR 55332, Nov. 1, 2001, as amended at 67 FR 80041, Dec. 31, 2003; 69 FR 66424, Nov. 15, 2004; 70 FR 70332, Nov. 21, 2005; 72 FR 66401, Nov. 27, 2007; 73 FR 69936, Nov. 19, 2008; 74 FR 62006, Nov. 25, 2009; 75 FR 73617, Nov. 29, 2010; 76 FR 73471, Nov. 28, 2011]
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§ 414.65 Payment for telehealth services.

(a) Professional service. Medicare payment for the professional service via an interactive telecommunications system is made according to the following limitations:

(1) The Medicare payment amount for office or other outpatient visits, subsequent hospital care services (with the limitation of one telehealth visit every 3 days by the patient's admitting physician or practitioner), subsequent nursing facility care services (with the limitation of one telehealth visit every 30 days by the patient's admitting physician or nonphysician practitioner), professional consultations, psychiatric diagnostic interview examination, neurobehavioral status exam, individual psychotherapy, pharmacologic management, end-stage renal disease-related services included in the monthly capitation payment (except for one “hands on” visit per month to examine the access site), individual and group medical nutrition therapy services, individual and group kidney disease education services, individual and group diabetes self-management training services (except for one hour of “hands on” services to be furnished in the initial year training period to ensure effective injection training), individual and group health and behavior assessment and intervention, smoking cessation services, alcohol and/or substance abuse and brief intervention services, screening and behavioral counseling interventions in primary care to reduce alcohol misuse, screening for depression in adults, screening for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and high intensity behavioral counseling (HIBC) to prevent STIs, intensive behavioral therapy for cardiovascular disease, behavioral counseling for obesity, and transitional care management services furnished via an interactive telecommunications system is equal to the current fee schedule amount applicable for the service of the physician or practitioner.

(i) Emergency department or initial inpatient telehealth consultations. The Medicare payment amount for emergency department or initial inpatient telehealth consultations furnished via an interactive telecommunications system is equal to the current fee schedule amount applicable to initial hospital care provided by a physician or practitioner.

(ii) Follow-up inpatient telehealth consultations. The Medicare payment amount for follow-up inpatient telehealth consultations furnished via an interactive telecommunications system is equal to the current fee schedule amount applicable to subsequent hospital care provided by a physician or practitioner.

(2) Only the physician or practitioner at the distant site may bill and receive payment for the professional service via an interactive telecommunications system.

(3) Payments made to the physician or practitioner at the distant site, including deductible and coinsurance, for the professional service may not be shared with the referring practitioner or telepresenter.

(b) Originating site facility fee. For telehealth services furnished on or after October 1, 2001:

(1) For services furnished on or after October 1, 2001 through December 31, 2002, the payment amount to the originating site is the lesser of the actual charge or the originating site facility fee of $20. For services furnished on or after January 1 of each subsequent year, the facility fee for the originating site will be updated by the Medicare Economic Index (MEI) as defined in section 1842(i)(3) of the Act.

(2) Only the originating site may bill for the originating site facility fee and only on an assignment-related basis. The distant site physician or practitioner may not bill for or receive payment for facility fees associated with the professional service furnished via an interactive telecommunications system.

(c) Deductible and coinsurance apply. The payment for the professional service and originating site facility fee is subject to the coinsurance and deductible requirements of sections 1833(a)(1) and (b) of the Act.

(d) Assignment required for physicians, practitioners, and originating sites. Payment to physicians, practitioners, and originating sites is made only on an assignment-related basis.

(e) Sanctions. A distant site practitioner or originating site facility may be subject to the applicable sanctions provided for in chapter IV, part 402 and chapter V, parts 1001, 1002, and 1003 of this title if he or she does any of the following:

(1) Knowingly and willfully bills or collects for services in violation of the limitation of this section.

(2) Fails to timely correct excess charges by reducing the actual charge billed for the service in an amount that does not exceed the limiting charge for the service or fails to timely refund excess collections.

(3) Fails to submit a claim on a standard form for services provided for which payment is made on a fee schedule basis.

(4) Imposes a charge for completing and submitting the standard claims form.

[66 FR 55332, Nov. 1, 2001, as amended at 67 FR 80041, Dec. 31, 2003; 69 FR 66424, Nov. 15, 2004; 70 FR 70332, Nov. 21, 2005; 72 FR 66401, Nov. 27, 2007; 73 FR 69936, Nov. 19, 2008; 74 FR 62006, Nov. 25, 2009; 75 FR 73617, Nov. 29, 2010; 76 FR 73471, Nov. 28, 2011; 77 FR 69363, Nov. 16, 2012; 78 FR 74812, Dec. 10, 2013]

Title 42 published on 2015-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 42 CFR Part 414 after this date.

  • 2015-11-16; vol. 80 # 220 - Monday, November 16, 2015
    1. 80 FR 70886 - Medicare Program; Revisions to Payment Policies Under the Physician Fee Schedule and Other Revisions to Part B for CY 2016
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      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
      Final rule with comment period.
      Effective date: The provisions of this final rule with comment period are effective on January 1, 2016, except the definition of “ownership or investment interest” in § 411.362(a), which has an effective date of January 1, 2017. Comment date: To be assured consideration, comments must be received at one of the addresses provided below, no later than 5 p.m. on December 29, 2015. (See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this final rule with comment period for a list of provisions open for comment.)
      42 CFR Parts 405, 410, 411, 414, 425, and 495