42 CFR § 422.109 - Effect of national coverage determinations (NCDs) and legislative changes in benefits.
(1) The average cost of furnishing a single service exceeds a cost threshold that -
(i) For calendar years 1998 and 1999, is $100,000; and
(ii) For calendar year 2000 and subsequent calendar years, is the preceding year's dollar threshold adjusted to reflect the national per capita growth percentage described in § 422.308(a).
(b) General rule. If CMS determines and announces that an individual NCD or legislative change in benefits meets the criteria for significant cost described in paragraph (a) of this section, a MA organization is not required to assume risk for the costs of that service or benefit until the contract year for which payments are appropriately adjusted to take into account the cost of the NCD service or legislative change in benefits. If CMS determines that an NCD or legislative change in benefits does not meet the “significant cost” threshold described in § 422.109(a), the MA organization is required to provide coverage for the NCD or legislative change in benefits and assume risk for the costs of that service or benefit as of the effective date stated in the NCD or specified in the legislation.
(c) Before payment adjustments become effective. Before the contract year that payment adjustments that take into account the significant cost of the NCD service or legislative change in benefits become effective, the service or benefit is not included in the MA organization's contract with CMS, and is not a covered benefit under the contract. The following rules apply to these services or benefits:
(1) Medicare payment for the service or benefit is made directly by the fiscal intermediary and carrier to the provider furnishing the service or benefit in accordance with original Medicare payment rules, methods, and requirements.
(iii) Any service that is already a Medicare-covered service and included in the annual MA capitation rate or previously adjusted payments; and
(iv) Any services, including the costs of the NCD service or legislative change in benefits, to the extent the MA organization is already obligated to cover it as a supplemental benefit under § 422.102.
(3) Costs for significant cost NCD services or legislative changes in benefits for which CMS fiscal intermediaries and carriers will make payment are those Medicare costs not listed in paragraphs (c)(2)(i) through (c)(2)(iv) of this section.
(4) Beneficiaries are liable for any applicable coinsurance amounts.
(d) After payment adjustments become effective. For the contract year in which payment adjustments that take into account the significant cost of the NCD service or legislative change in benefits are in effect, the service or benefit is included in the MA organization's contract with CMS, and is a covered benefit under the contract. Subject to all applicable rules under this part, the MA organization must furnish, arrange, or pay for the NCD service or legislative change in benefits. MA organizations may establish separate plan rules for these services and benefits, subject to CMS review and approval. CMS may, at its discretion, issue overriding instructions limiting or revising the MA plan rules, depending on the specific NCD or legislative change in benefits. For these services or benefits, the Medicare enrollee will be responsible for MA plan cost sharing, as approved by CMS or unless otherwise instructed by CMS.
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