42 CFR § 425.400 - General.

prev | next
§ 425.400 General.

(a)

(1) General. CMS employs the assignment methodology described in § 425.402 and § 425.404 for purposes of benchmarking, preliminary prospective assignment (including quarterly updates), retrospective reconciliation, and prospective assignment.

(i) A Medicare fee-for-service beneficiary is assigned to an ACO if the -

(A) Beneficiary meets the eligibility criteria under § 425.401(a); and

(B) Beneficiary's utilization of primary care services meets the criteria established under the assignment methodology described in § 425.402 and § 425.404.

(ii) CMS applies a step-wise process based on the beneficiary's utilization of primary care services provided under Title XVIII by a physician who is an ACO professional during each performance year for which shared savings are to be determined and, with respect to ACOs participating in a 6-month performance year during CY 2019, during the entirety of CY 2019 as specified in § 425.609.

(2) Preliminary prospective assignment with retrospective reconciliation.

(i) Medicare assigns beneficiaries in a preliminary manner at the beginning of a performance year based on most recent data available.

(ii) Assignment will be updated quarterly based on the most recent 12 months of data.

(iii) In determining final assignment for a benchmark or performance year, CMS will exclude any services furnished during the benchmark or performance year that are billed through the TIN of an ACO participant that is an ACO participant in more than one ACO.

(3) Prospective assignment.

(i) Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries are prospectively assigned to an ACO at the beginning of each benchmark or performance year based on the beneficiary's use of primary care services in the most recent 12 months for which data are available, using the assignment methodology described in §§ 425.402 and 425.404.

(ii) Beneficiaries that are prospectively assigned to an ACO under paragraph (a)(3)(i) of this section will remain assigned to the ACO at the end of the benchmark or performance year unless they meet any of the exclusion criteria under § 425.401(b).

(4) Assignment methodology applied to ACO.

(i) For agreement periods beginning before July 1, 2019, the applicable assignment methodology is determined based on track as specified in § 425.600(a).

(A) Preliminary prospective assignment with retrospective reconciliation as described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section applies to Track 1 and Track 2 ACOs.

(B) Prospective assignment as described in paragraph (a)(3) of this section applies to Track 3 ACOs.

(ii) For agreement periods beginning on July 1, 2019 and in subsequent years, an ACO may select the assignment methodology that CMS employs for assignment of beneficiaries under this subpart.

(A) An ACO may select either of the following:

(1) Preliminary prospective assignment with retrospective reconciliation, as described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.

(2) Prospective assignment, as described in paragraph (a)(3) of this section.

(B) This selection is made prior to the start of each agreement period, and may be modified prior to the start of each performance year as specified in § 425.226.

(b) Beneficiary assignment to an ACO is for purposes of determining the population of Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries for whose care the ACO is accountable under subpart F of this part, and for determining whether an ACO has achieved savings under subpart G of this part, and in no way diminishes or restricts the rights of beneficiaries assigned to an ACO to exercise free choice in determining where to receive health care services.

(c) Primary care services for purposes of assigning beneficiaries are identified by selected HCPCS/CPT codes, or revenue center codes.

(1) Primary care service codes are as follows:

(i) For performance years 2012 through 2015:

(A) CPT codes:

(1) 99201 through 99215.

(2) 99304 through 99340.

(3) 99341 through 99350.

(B) HCPCS codes G0402 (the code for the Welcome to Medicare visit) and G0438 and G0439 (codes for the annual wellness visits).

(C) Revenue center codes 0521, 0522, 0524, and 0525 submitted by FQHCs (for services furnished prior to January 1, 2011), or by RHCs.

(ii) For performance year 2016 as follows:

(A) CPT codes:

(1) 99201 through 99215.

(2) 99304 through 99340.

(3) 99341 through 99350.

(4) 99495, 99496, and 99490.

(B) HCPCS codes:

(1) G0402 (the code for the Welcome to Medicare visit) and

(2) G0438 and G0439 (codes for the annual wellness visits).

(3) G0463 for services furnished in ETA hospitals.

(C) Revenue center codes 0521, 0522, 0524, and 0525 submitted by FQHCs (for services furnished prior to January 1, 2011), or by RHCs.

(iii) For performance years 2017 and 2018 as follows:

(A) CPT codes:

(1) 99201 through 99215.

(2) 99304 through 99318 (excluding claims including the POS 31 modifier).

(3) 99319 through 99340.

(4) 99341 through 99350.

(5) 99495, 99496, and 99490.

(B) HCPCS Codes:

(1) G0402 (the code for the Welcome to Medicare visit) and

(2) G0438 and G0439 (codes for the annual wellness visits).

(3) G0463 for services furnished in ETA hospitals.

(C) Revenue center codes 0521, 0522, 0524, and 0525 submitted by FQHCs (for services furnished prior to January 1, 2011), or by RHCs.

(iv) For performance years (or a performance period) during 2019, and performance year 2020 as follows:

(A) CPT codes:

(1) 99201 through 99215 (codes for office or other outpatient visit for the evaluation and management of a patient).

(2) 99304 through 99318 (codes for professional services furnished in a nursing facility; services identified by these codes furnished in a SNF are excluded).

(3) 99319 through 99340 (codes for patient domiciliary, rest home, or custodial care visit).

(4) 99341 through 99350 (codes for evaluation and management services furnished in a patients' home for claims identified by place of service modifier 12).

(5) 99487, 99489 and 99490 (codes for chronic care management).

(6) 99495 and 99496 (codes for transitional care management services).

(7) 99497 and 99498 (codes for advance care planning).

(8) 96160 and 96161 (codes for administration of health risk assessment).

(9) 99354 and 99355 (add-on codes, for prolonged evaluation and management or psychotherapy services beyond the typical service time of the primary procedure; when the base code is also a primary care service code under this paragraph (c)(1)).

(10) 99484, 99492, 99493 and 99494 (codes for behavioral health integration services).

(B) HCPCS codes:

(1) G0402 (the code for the Welcome to Medicare visit) and

(2) G0438 and G0439 (codes for the annual wellness visits).

(3) G0463 for services furnished in ETA hospitals.

(4) G0506 (code for chronic care management).

(5) G0444 (codes for annual depression screening service).

(6) G0442 (code for alcohol misuse screening service).

(7) G0443 (code for alcohol misuse counseling service).

(v) For the performance year starting on January 1, 2021, and subsequent performance years as follows:

(A) CPT codes:

(1) 96160 and 96161 (codes for administration of health risk assessment).

(2) 99201 through 99215 (codes for office or other outpatient visit for the evaluation and management of a patient).

(3) 99304 through 99318 (codes for professional services furnished in a nursing facility; professional services or services reported on an FQHC or RHC claim identified by these codes are excluded when furnished in a SNF).

(4) 99319 through 99340 (codes for patient domiciliary, rest home, or custodial care visit).

(5) 99341 through 99350 (codes for evaluation and management services furnished in a patient's home for claims identified by place of service modifier 12).

(6) 99354 and 99355 (add-on codes, for prolonged evaluation and management or psychotherapy services beyond the typical service time of the primary procedure; when the base code is also a primary care service code under this paragraph (c)(1)(v)).

(7) 99421, 99422, and 99423 (codes for online digital evaluation and management).

(8) 99439 (code for non-complex chronic care management).

(9) 99483 (code for assessment of and care planning for patients with cognitive impairment).

(10) 99484, 99492, 99493 and 99494 (codes for behavioral health integration services).

(11) 99487, 99489, 99490 and 99491 (codes for chronic care management).

(12) 99495 and 99496 (codes for transitional care management services).

(13) 99497 and 99498 (codes for advance care planning; services identified by these codes furnished in an inpatient setting are excluded).

(B) HCPCS codes:

(1) G0402 (code for the Welcome to Medicare visit).

(2) G0438 and G0439 (codes for the annual wellness visits).

(3) G0442 (code for alcohol misuse screening service).

(4) G0443 (code for alcohol misuse counseling service).

(5) G0444 (code for annual depression screening service).

(6) G0463 (code for services furnished in ETA hospitals).

(7) G0506 (code for chronic care management).

(8) G2010 (code for the remote evaluation of patient video/images).

(9) G2012 (code for virtual check-in).

(10) G2058 (code for non-complex chronic care management).

(11) G2064 and G2065 (codes for principal care management services).

(12) G2214 (code for psychiatric collaborative care model).

(2)

(i) When the assignment window (as defined in § 425.20) for a benchmark or performance year includes any month(s) during the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency defined in § 400.200 of this chapter, in determining beneficiary assignment, we use the primary care service codes identified in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, and additional primary care service codes as follows:

(A) CPT codes:

(1) 99421, 99422, and 99423 (codes for online digital evaluation and management services).

(2) 99441, 99442, and 99443 (codes for telephone evaluation and management services).

(B) HCPCS codes:

(1) G2010 (code for the remote evaluation of patient video/images).

(2) G2012 (code for virtual check-in).

(ii) The additional primary care service codes specified in paragraph (c)(2)(i) of this section are applicable to all months of the assignment window (as defined in § 425.20), when the assignment window includes any month(s) during the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency defined in § 400.200 of this chapter.

[76 FR 67973, Nov. 2, 2011, as amended at 80 FR 32840, June 9, 2015; 82 FR 53369, Nov. 15, 2017; 83 FR 60092, Nov. 23, 2018; 83 FR 68069, Dec. 31, 2018; 85 FR 27625, May 8, 2020; 85 FR 85040, Dec. 28, 2020]