§ 482.41Condition of participation: Physical environment.
The hospital must be constructed, arranged, and maintained to ensure the safety of the patient, and to provide facilities for diagnosis and treatment and for special hospital services appropriate to the needs of the community.
(a)Standard: Buildings. The condition of the physical plant and the overall hospital environment must be developed and maintained in such a manner that the safety and well-being of patients are assured.
(1) There must be emergency power and lighting in at least the operating, recovery, intensive care, and emergency rooms, and stairwells. In all other areas not serviced by the emergency supply source, battery lamps and flashlights must be available.
(2) There must be facilities for emergency gas and water supply.
(b)Standard: Life safety from fire.
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section—
(i) The hospital must meet the applicable provisions of the 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code of the National Fire Protection Association. The Director of the Office of the Federal Register has approved the NFPA 101 ® 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code, issued January 14, 2000, for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. A copy of the Code is available for inspection at the CMS Information Resource Center, 7500 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. Copies may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269. If any changes in this edition of the Code are incorporated by reference, CMS will publish notice in the Federal Register to announce the changes.
(ii) Chapter 220.127.116.11.2, exception number 2 of the adopted edition of the LSC does not apply to hospitals.
(2) After consideration of State survey agency findings, CMS may waive specific provisions of the Life Safety Code which, if rigidly applied, would result in unreasonable hardship upon the facility, but only if the waiver does not adversely affect the health and safety of the patients.
(3) The provisions of the Life Safety Code do not apply in a State where CMS finds that a fire and safety code imposed by State law adequately protects patients in hospitals.
(4) Beginning March 13, 2006, a hospital must be in compliance with Chapter 19.2.9, Emergency Lighting.
(5) Beginning March 13, 2006, Chapter 18.104.22.168.2, exception number 2 does not apply to hospitals.
(6) The hospital must have procedures for the proper routine storage and prompt disposal of trash.
(7) The hospital must have written fire control plans that contain provisions for prompt reporting of fires; extinguishing fires; protection of patients, personnel and guests; evacuation; and cooperation with fire fighting authorities.
(8) The hospital must maintain written evidence of regular inspection and approval by State or local fire control agencies.
(9) Notwithstanding any provisions of the 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code to the contrary, a hospital may install alcohol-based hand rub dispensers in its facility if—
(i) Use of alcohol-based hand rub dispensers does not conflict with any State or local codes that prohibit or otherwise restrict the placement of alcohol-based hand rub dispensers in health care facilities;
(ii) The dispensers are installed in a manner that minimizes leaks and spills that could lead to falls;
(iii) The dispensers are installed in a manner that adequately protects against inappropriate access;
(iv) The dispensers are installed in accordance with chapter 22.214.171.124 or chapter 126.96.36.199 of the 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code, as amended by NFPA Temporary Interim Amendment 00-1(101), issued by the Standards Council of the National Fire Protection Association on April 15, 2004. The Director of the Office of the Federal Register has approved NFPA Temporary Interim Amendment 00-1(101) for incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. A copy of the amendment is available for inspection at the CMS Information Resource Center, 7500 Security Boulevard, Baltimore, MD and at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street NW., Suite 700, Washington, DC. Copies may be obtained from the National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269; and
(v) The dispensers are maintained in accordance with dispenser manufacturer guidelines.
(c)Standard: Facilities. The hospital must maintain adequate facilities for its services.
(1) Diagnostic and therapeutic facilities must be located for the safety of patients.
(2) Facilities, supplies, and equipment must be maintained to ensure an acceptable level of safety and quality.
(3) The extent and complexity of facilities must be determined by the services offered.
(4) There must be proper ventilation, light, and temperature controls in pharmaceutical, food preparation, and other appropriate areas.