44 CFR 361.3 - Project description.

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There is 1 rule appearing in the Federal Register for 44 CFR 361. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 361.3 Project description.
(a) An objective of the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act is to develop, in areas of seismic risk, improved understanding of and capability with respect to earthquake-related issues, including methods of mitigating earthquake damage, planning to prevent or minimize earthquake damage, disseminating warnings of earthquakes, organizing emergency services, and planning for post-earthquake recovery. To achieve this objective, FEMA has implemented an earthquake hazards reduction assistance program for State and local governments in seismic risk areas.
(b) This assistance program provides funding for earthquake hazards reduction activities which are eligible according to the definition in § 361.2. The categories, or program elements, listed therein comprise a comprehensive earthquake hazards reduction project for any given seismic hazard area. Key aspects of each of these elements are as follows:
(1) Mitigation involves developing and implementing strategies for reducing losses from earthquakes by incorporating principles of seismic safety into public and private decisions regarding the siting, design, and construction of structures (i.e., updating building and zoning codes and ordinances to enhance seismic safety), and regarding buildings' nonstructural elements, contents and furnishings. Mitigation includes preparing inventories of and conducting seismic safety inspections of critical structures and lifelines, and developing plans for identifying and retrofitting existing structures that pose threats to life or would suffer major damage in the event of a serious earthquake.
(2) Preparedness/response planning are closely related and usually considered as one comprehensive activity. They do differ, however, in that preparedness planning involves those efforts undertaken before an earthquake to prepare for or improve capability to respond to the event, while response planning can be defined as the planning necessary to implement an effective response once the earthquake has occurred. Preparedness/response planning usually considers functions related to the following:
(i) Rescue and fire services;
(ii) Medical services;
(iii) Damage assessments;
(iv) Communications;
(v) Security;
(vi) Restoration of lifeline and utility services;
(vii) Transportation;
(viii) Sheltering, food and water supplies;
(ix) Public health and information services;
(x) Post-disaster recovery and the return of economic stability;
(xi) Secondary impacts, such as dam failures, toxic releases, etc.; and
(xii) Organization and management.
(3) Public awareness/earthquake education activities are designed to increase public awareness of earthquakes and their associated risks, and to stimulate behavioral changes to foster a self-help approach to earthquake preparedness, response, and mitigation. Audiences that may be targeted for such efforts include:
(i) The general public;
(ii) School populations (administrators, teachers, students, and parents);
(iii) Special needs groups (e.g., elderly, disabled, non-English speaking);
(iv) Business and industry;
(v) Engineers, architects, builders;
(vi) The media; and
(vii) Public officials.
(4) Other Activities in support of those listed in § 361.3(b)(1), (b)(2), and (b)(3) may include, but are not limited to, State seismic advisory boards which provide State and local officials responsible for implementing earthquake hazards reduction projects with expert advice in a variety of fields; hazard identification which defines the potential for earthquakes and their related geological hazards in a particular area; and vulnerability assessments, also known as loss estimation studies, which provide information on the impacts and consequences of an earthquake on an area's resources, as well as opportunities for earthquake hazards mitigation.
(c) State eligibility for financial assistance to States under this section is determined by FEMA based on a combination of the following criteria:
(1) Seismic hazard, including the historic occurrence of damaging earthquakes, as well as probable seismic activity;
(2) Total population and major urban concentrations exposed to such risk; and
(3) Other factors, the loss, damage, or disruption of which by a severe earthquake would have serious national impacts upon national security, such as industrial concentrations, concentrations or occurrences of natural resources, financial/economic centers and national defense facilities.
(d) Each fiscal year, FEMA will establish a target allocation of earthquake program funds for each eligible State.
(e) The specific activities, and the distribution of funds among them, that will be undertaken with this assistance will be determined during the annual Comprehensive Cooperative Agreement (CCA) negotiations between FEMA and the State, and will be based upon the following:
(1) The availability of information regarding identification of seismic hazards and vulnerability to those hazards;
(2) Earthquake hazards reduction accomplishments of the State to date;
(3) State and Federal priorities for needed earthquake hazards reduction activities; and
(4) State and local capabilities with respect to staffing, professional expertise, and funding.
(f) As a condition of receiving FEMA funding, a percentage of the amount of the total State project (FEMA State assistance, combined with the State match) must be spent for activities under the Mitigation Planning element. The percentage, to be determined by FEMA, may be increased by no more than 5 percent annually, beginning at 15 percent in fiscal year 1991 with a limit of 50 percent of the total State project. The increase will take into account the amount of time a State has been participating in the program. States may expend more than the required percentage of funding on eligible mitigation activities.
(g) The State match may be distributed among the eligible activities in any manner that is mutually agreed upon by FEMA and the State in the CCA negotiations.
(h) Negotiations between FEMA and the State regarding the scope of work and the determination of the amount of State assistance to be awarded shall consider earthquake hazards reduction activities previously accomplished by the State, as well as the quality of their performance.

Title 44 published on 2014-10-01

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For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-12-19; vol. 79 # 244 - Friday, December 19, 2014
    1. 79 FR 75872 - Federal Awarding Agency Regulatory Implementation of Office of Management and Budget's Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF STATE, DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE, NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY, NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, GULF COAST ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION COUNCIL, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, INSTITUTE OF MUSEUM AND LIBRARY SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION, Commodity Credit Corporation, Rural Business-Cooperative Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Rural Utilities Service, Rural Housing Service, Office of the Chief Financial Officer, Farm Service Agency, Office of National Drug Control Policy, Office of Management and Budget
      Interim final rule.
      Effective date: This interim final rule is effective on December 26, 2014. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of December 26, 2014. Implementation dates: For grants authorized under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, this rule is applicable for emergency or major disaster declarations issued on or after December 26, 2014. For non-Federal entities that are nonprofit organizations or institutions of higher education (IHEs), there is a one-year grace period for implementation of the procurement standards in 2 CFR 200.317 through 200.326. As will be detailed in the 2015 OMB Compliance Supplement, non-Federal entities choosing to delay implementation for the procurement standards will need to specify in their documented policies and procedures that they continue to comply with OMB circular A-110 for one additional fiscal year which begins after December 26, 2014. Comment date: To be assured of consideration, comments must be received by OMB electronically through www.regulations.gov no later than midnight Eastern Standard Time (E.S.T.) on February 17, 2015.
      2 CFR Parts 1, 25, 170, 180, and 200

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Title 44 published on 2014-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 44 CFR 361 after this date.

  • 2014-12-19; vol. 79 # 244 - Friday, December 19, 2014
    1. 79 FR 75872 - Federal Awarding Agency Regulatory Implementation of Office of Management and Budget's Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF STATE, DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION, CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE, NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TREASURY, NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE ARTS, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, GULF COAST ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION COUNCIL, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, INSTITUTE OF MUSEUM AND LIBRARY SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, NATIONAL ENDOWMENT FOR THE HUMANITIES, NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION, Commodity Credit Corporation, Rural Business-Cooperative Service, Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Rural Utilities Service, Rural Housing Service, Office of the Chief Financial Officer, Farm Service Agency, Office of National Drug Control Policy, Office of Management and Budget
      Interim final rule.
      Effective date: This interim final rule is effective on December 26, 2014. The incorporation by reference of certain publications listed in the rule is approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of December 26, 2014. Implementation dates: For grants authorized under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, this rule is applicable for emergency or major disaster declarations issued on or after December 26, 2014. For non-Federal entities that are nonprofit organizations or institutions of higher education (IHEs), there is a one-year grace period for implementation of the procurement standards in 2 CFR 200.317 through 200.326. As will be detailed in the 2015 OMB Compliance Supplement, non-Federal entities choosing to delay implementation for the procurement standards will need to specify in their documented policies and procedures that they continue to comply with OMB circular A-110 for one additional fiscal year which begins after December 26, 2014. Comment date: To be assured of consideration, comments must be received by OMB electronically through www.regulations.gov no later than midnight Eastern Standard Time (E.S.T.) on February 17, 2015.
      2 CFR Parts 1, 25, 170, 180, and 200