45 CFR § 689.4 - Role of awardee institutions.
(a) Awardee institutions bear primary responsibility for prevention and detection of research misconduct and for the inquiry, investigation, and adjudication of alleged research misconduct. In most instances, NSF will rely on awardee institutions to promptly:
(1) Initiate an inquiry into any suspected or alleged research misconduct;
(2) Conduct a subsequent investigation, if warranted;
(4) Provide appropriate safeguards for subjects of allegations as well as informants.
(b) If an institution wishes NSF to defer independent inquiry or investigation, it should:
(1) Complete any inquiry and decide whether an investigation is warranted within 90 days. If completion of an inquiry is delayed, but the institution wishes NSF deferral to continue, NSF may require submission of periodic status reports.
(2) Inform OIG immediately if an initial inquiry supports a formal investigation.
(3) Keep OIG informed during such an investigation.
(4) Complete any investigation and reach a disposition within 180 days. If completion of an investigation is delayed, but the institution wishes NSF deferral to continue, NSF may require submission of periodic status reports.
(5) Provide OIG with the final report from any investigation.
(c) NSF expects institutions to promptly notify OIG should the institution become aware during an inquiry or investigation that:
(1) Public health or safety is at risk;
(2) NSF's resources, reputation, or other interests need protecting;
(3) There is reasonable indication of possible violations of civil or criminal law;
(4) Research activities should be suspended;
(5) Federal action may be needed to protect the interests of a subject of the investigation or of others potentially affected; or
(6) The scientific community or the public should be informed.
(d) Awardee institutions should maintain and effectively communicate to their staffs appropriate policies and procedures relating to research misconduct, which should indicate when NSF should be notified.