46 CFR 281.3 - Method of commencing and terminating voyages and of determining idle status.
(a) Voyage commencements. Voyages shall commence as of 12:01 a.m. of the day that loading of cargo, stores, or fuel begins, or as of 12:01 a.m. of the day following the termination of the prior voyage or, in the event that an idle status period follows a voyage termination, as of 12:01 a.m. of the day following the day on which such idle status period ends.
(b) Voyage termination. Voyages shall terminate at a U.S. port of call at midnight of the day of completion of paying off the crew from foreign articles, or the completion of final discharge of cargo or ballast at the last U.S. port of discharge, or the completion of voyage repairs, whichever event occurs last: Provided, however, That if a vessel sails outward on a new voyage prior to midnight of the same day, the inward voyage shall terminate as of midnight of that day, and the outward voyage shall commence as of 12:01 a.m. of the succeeding day; and that where a portion of any particular voyage overlaps a portion of the next succeeding voyage and the quantity of inward cargo remaining aboard at the port at which major cargo activities for the outward voyage are begun does not, in the opinion of the operator, justify extension of the inward voyage beyond that port, the operator shall immediately request the Region Director for permission to treat the inward voyage as having terminated at midnight of the day specified in such request and shall advise the Region Director what cargo has been and is still to be discharged and loaded at each port of the inward voyage; and that where, in the opinion of the operator, voyages as a general practice should terminate at the home or terminal port rather than at the last port of discharge, or a voyage should terminate on the day prior to commencement of an idle status period, or on the day that the voyage would have terminated had strikes not interfered with normal operations, application for such terminations may be made to the Region Director, and in such cases the voyage termination date shall be as approved by the Region Director. The Region Director shall promptly advise the operator of his determination approving or disapproving any request filed under this paragraph (b), and the Region Director's decision as to such termination shall prevail, provided that all terminations shall be as f midnight of the day specified.
(c) Idle status periods. Idle status periods shall be identified separately, whether occurring during or between voyages, and, if occurring during a voyage shall be identified with the applicable voyage number. A separate accounting period shall be created to cover each idle status period, and all such periods shall be reported to the Region Director.
(d) Excessive delays. Whenever a vessel is delayed in port for a period of 10 days or more in excess of its normal period of operations in said port, the operator immediately shall report said circumstances, together with all pertinent facts, to the Region Director. The Region Director shall determine whether or not said delay was justified and if operating costs for said period were reduced to a minimum in accordance with sound commercial practice.
[G.O. 27, Rev. 2, 37 FR 18466, Sept. 12, 1972]
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