48 CFR 3.502-2 - Subcontractor kickbacks.

3.502-2 Subcontractor kickbacks.

The Anti-Kickback Act of 1986 (now codified at 41 U.S.C. chapter 87, Kickbacks,) was passed to deter subcontractors from making payments and contractors from accepting payments for the purpose of improperly obtaining or rewarding favorable treatment in connection with a prime contract or a subcontract relating to a prime contract. The Kickbacks statute -

(a) Prohibits any person from -

(1) Providing, attempting to provide, or offering to provide any kickback;

(2) Soliciting, accepting, or attempting to accept any kickbacks; or

(3) Including, directly or indirectly, the amount of any kickback in the contract price charged by a subcontractor to a prime contractor or a higher tier subcontractor or in the contract price charged by a prime contractor to the United States.

(b) Imposes criminal penalties on any person who knowingly and willfully engages in the prohibited conduct addressed in paragraph (a) of this subsection.

(c) Provides for the recovery of civil penalties by the United States from any person who knowingly engages in such prohibited conduct and from any person whose employee, subcontractor, or subcontractor employee provides, accepts, or charges a kickback.

(d) Provides that -

(1) The contracting officer may offset the amount of a kickback against monies owed by the United States to the prime contractor under the prime contract to which such kickback relates;

(2) The contracting officer may direct a prime contractor to withhold from any sums owed to a subcontract under a subcontractor of the prime contract the amount of any kickback which was or may be offset against the prime contractor under subparagraph (d)(1) of this subsection; and

(3) An offset under paragraph (d)(1) or a direction under paragraph (d)(2) of this subsection is a claim by the Government for the purposes of 41 U.S.C. chapter 71, Contract Disputes.

(e) Authorizes contracting officers to order that sums withheld under subparagraph (d)(2) of this subsection be paid to the contracting agency, or if the sum has already been offset against the prime contractor, that it be retained by the prime contractor.

(f) Requires the prime contractor to notify the contracting officer when the withholding under subparagraph (d)(2) of this subsection has been accomplished unless the amount withheld has been paid to the Government.

(g) Requires a prime contractor or subcontractor to report in writing to the inspector general of the contracting agency, the head of the contracting agency if the agency does not have an inspector general, or the Attorney General any possible violation of the Kickbacks statute when the prime contractor or subcontractor has reasonable grounds to believe such violation may have occurred.

(h) Provides that, for the purpose of ascertaining whether there has been a violation of the Kickbacks statute with respect to any prime contract, the Government Accountability Office and the inspector general of the contracting agency, or a representative of such contracting agency designated by the head of such agency if the agency does not have an inspector general, shall have access to and may inspect the facilities and audit the books and records, including any electronic data or records, of any prime contractor or subcontractor under a prime contract awarded by such agency.

(i) Requires each contracting agency to include in each prime contract exceeding $150,000 for other than commercial items (see part 12), a requirement that the prime contractor shall -

(1) Have in place and follow reasonable procedures designed to prevent and detect violations of the Kickbacks statute in its own operations and direct business relationships (e.g., company ethics rules prohibiting kickbacks by employees, agents, or subcontractors; education programs for new employees and subcontractors, explaining policies about kickbacks, related company procedures and the consequences of detection; procurement procedures to minimize the opportunity for kickbacks; audit procedures designed to detect kickbacks; periodic surveys of subcontractors to elicit information about kickbacks; procedures to report kickbacks to law enforcement officials; annual declarations by employees of gifts or gratuities received from subcontractors; annual employee declarations that they have violated no company ethics rules; personnel practices that document unethical or illegal behavior and make such information available to prospective employers); and

(2) Cooperate fully with any Federal agency investigating a possible violation of the Kickbacks statute.

(j) Notwithstanding paragraph (i) of this section, a prime contractor shall cooperate fully with any Federal Government agency investigating a violation of 41 U.S.C. 8702 (see 41 U.S.C. 8703(b)).

[ 52 FR 6121, Feb. 27, 1987; 52 FR 9989, Mar. 27, 1987, as amended at 53 FR 34226, Sept. 2, 1988; 60 FR 48235, Sept. 18, 1995; 61 FR 39191, July 26, 1996; 62 FR 235, Jan. 2, 1997; 71 FR 57380, Sept. 28, 2006; 75 FR 53131, Aug. 30, 2010; 79 FR 24196, Apr. 29, 2014]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 10 - ARMED FORCES

§ 2301 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103–355, title I, § 1501(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3296]

§ 2302 - Definitions

§ 2302a - Simplified acquisition threshold

§ 2302b - Implementation of simplified acquisition procedures

§ 2302c - Repealed. Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, § 833(b)(5)(A)(i), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2285]

§ 2302d - Major system: definitional threshold amounts

§ 2303 - Applicability of chapter

§ 2303a - Repealed. Pub. L. 98–577, title III, § 302(c)(1), Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3077]

§ 2304 - Contracts: competition requirements

§ 2304a - Task and delivery order contracts: general authority

§ 2304b - Task order contracts: advisory and assistance services

§ 2304c - Task and delivery order contracts: orders

§ 2304d - Task and delivery order contracts: definitions

§ 2304e - Contracts: prohibition on competition between Department of Defense and small businesses and certain other entities

§ 2305 - Contracts: planning, solicitation, evaluation, and award procedures

§ 2305a - Design-build selection procedures

§ 2306 - Kinds of contracts

§ 2306a - Cost or pricing data: truth in negotiations

§ 2306b - Multiyear contracts: acquisition of property

§ 2306c - Multiyear contracts: acquisition of services

§ 2307 - Contract financing

§ 2308 - Buy-to-budget acquisition: end items

§ 2309 - Allocation of appropriations

§ 2310 - Determinations and decisions

§ 2311 - Assignment and delegation of procurement functions and responsibilities

§ 2312 - Remission of liquidated damages

§ 2313 - Examination of records of contractor

§ 2313a - Defense Contract Audit Agency: annual report

§ 2314 - Laws inapplicable to agencies named in section 2303 of this title

§ 2315 - Law inapplicable to the procurement of automatic data processing equipment and services for certain defense purposes

§ 2316 - Disclosure of identity of contractor

§ 2317 - Repealed. Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, § 821(a)(2), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1704]

§ 2318 - Advocates for competition

§ 2319 - Encouragement of new competitors

§ 2320 - Rights in technical data

§ 2321 - Validation of proprietary data restrictions

§ 2322 - Management of intellectual property matters within the Department of Defense

§ 2323 - Contract goal for small disadvantaged businesses and certain institutions of higher education

§ 2323a - Credit for Indian contracting in meeting certain subcontracting goals for small disadvantaged businesses and certain institutions of higher education

§ 2324 - Allowable costs under defense contracts

§ 2325 - Restructuring costs

§ 2326 - Undefinitized contractual actions: restrictions

§ 2327 - Contracts: consideration of national security objectives

§ 2328 - Release of technical data under Freedom of Information Act: recovery of costs

§ 2329 - Procurement of services: data analysis and requirements validation

§ 2330 - Procurement of contract services: management structure

§ 2330a - Procurement of services: tracking of purchases

§ 2331 - Procurement of services: contracts for professional and technical services

§ 2332 - Share-in-savings contracts

§ 2333 - Joint policies on requirements definition, contingency program management, and contingency contracting

§ 2334 - Independent cost estimation and cost analysis

§ 2335 - Prohibition on collection of political information

§ 2336 - Renumbered § 2679]

§ 2337 - Life-cycle management and product support


Title 48 published on 16-Nov-2018 03:49

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 48 CFR Part 3 after this date.

  • 2017-01-13; vol. 82 # 9 - Friday, January 13, 2017
    1. 82 FR 4709 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Uniform Use of Line Items
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      Final rule.
      Effective: January 13, 2017. In order to provide agencies with time to transition their information systems, agencies have until October 1, 2019, to apply the requirements of FAR 4.1002 through 4.1008 of subpart 4.10.
      48 CFR Parts 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 27, 32, 42, 48, 49, and 52