48 CFR 970.5242-1 - Penalties for unallowable costs.
As prescribed in 970.4207-03-70, insert the following clause:
(a) Contractors which include unallowable cost in a submission for settlement for cost incurred, may be subject to penalties.
(b) If, during the review of a submission for settlement of cost incurred, the Contracting Officer determines that the submission contains an expressly unallowable cost or a cost determined to be unallowable prior to the submission, the Contracting Officer shall assess a penalty.
(c) Unallowable costs are either expressly unallowable or determined unallowable.
(1) An expressly unallowable cost is a particular item or type of cost which, under the express provisions of an applicable law, regulation, or this contract, is specifically named and stated to be unallowable.
(2) A cost determined unallowable is one which, for that Contractor -
(i) Was subject to a Contracting Officer's final decision and not appealed;
(ii) The Civilian Board of Contract Appeals or a court has previously ruled as unallowable; or
(iii) Was mutually agreed to be unallowable.
(d) If the Contracting Officer determines that a cost submitted by the Contractor in its submission for settlement of cost incurred is -
(1) Expressly unallowable, then the Contracting Officer shall assess a penalty in an amount equal to the disallowed cost allocated to this contract plus interest on the paid portion of the disallowed cost. Interest shall be computed from the date of overpayment to the date of repayment using the interest rate specified by the Secretary of the Treasury pursuant to Pub. L. 92-41 ( 85 Stat. 97); or
(2) Determined unallowable, then the Contracting Officer shall assess a penalty in an amount equal to two times the amount of the disallowed cost allocated to this contract.
(e) The Contracting Officer may waive the penalty provisions when -
(1) The Contractor withdraws the submission before the formal initiation of an audit of the submission and submits a revised submission;
(2) The amount of the unallowable costs allocated to covered contracts is $10,000 or less; or
(3) The Contractor demonstrates to the Contracting Officer's satisfaction that -
(i) It has established appropriate policies, personnel training, and an internal control and review system that provides assurances that unallowable costs subject to penalties are precluded from the Contractor's submission for settlement of costs; and
(ii) The unallowable costs subject to the penalty were inadvertently incorporated into the submission.