49 CFR 225.27 - Retention of records.
(1) Five-year retention period. Each railroad shall retain the following forms for at least five years after the end of the calendar year to which they relate:
(i) Form FRA F 6180.98, “Railroad Employee Injury and/or Illness Record;”
(ii) Form FRA F 6180.107, “Alternative Record for Illnesses Claimed to be Work-Related;”
(iii) Monthly List of Injuries and Illnesses required by § 225.25; and
(iv) Form FRA F 6180.150, “Highway User Injury Inquiry Form.”
(2) Two-year retention period. Each railroad shall retain the following forms for at least two years after the end of the calendar year to which they relate:
(i) Form FRA F 6180.97, “Initial Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Record,” required by § 225.25;
(ii) The Employee Human Factor Attachments (Form FRA F 6180.81, “Employee Human Factor Attachment”) required by § 225.12, that have been received by the railroad;
(iii) The written notices to employees required by § 225.12 (Part I of Form FRA F 6180.78, “Notice to Railroad Employee Involved in Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Attributed to Employee Human Factor; Employee Statement Supplementing Railroad Accident Report”), that have been received by the railroad; and
(iv) The Employee Statements Supplementing Railroad Accident Reports described in § 225.12(g) (Part II of Form FRA F 6180.78, “Notice to Railroad Employee Involved in Rail Equipment Accident/Incident Attributed to Employee Human Factor; Employee Statement Supplementing Railroad Accident Report”), that have been received by the railroad.
(b) Each railroad must retain a duplicate of each form it submits to FRA under § 225.21, for at least 2 years after the calendar year to which it relates.
(c) Each railroad shall retain the original hard copy of each completed and signed Form FRA F 6180.55, “Railroad Injury and Illness Summary,” that the railroad submits to FRA on optical media (CD-ROM) or electronically via the Internet to email@example.com for at least five years after the calendar year to which it relates. If the railroad opts to submit the report to FRA electronically via the internet, the railroad must also retain a hard copy print out of FRA's electronic notice acknowledging receipt of the railroad's submission for a period of five years after the calendar year to which the report acknowledged relates.
(d) Railroads may retain accident/incident records as required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section in hard copy format or in electronic format. After October 31, 2011, accident/incident records, retained by railroads as required by paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section, in hard copy format or electronic format are subject to the following system requirements:
(1) Design Requirements. Any electronic record keeping system used to retain a record required to be retained by this part shall meet the following design parameters:
(i) The electronic record system shall be designed such that the integrity of each record is retained through appropriate levels of security such as recognition of an electronic signature, or other means, which uniquely identify the initiating person as the author of that record. No two persons shall have the same electronic identity;
(ii) The electronic system shall ensure that each record cannot be modified, or replaced, once the record is submitted to FRA;
(iii) Any amendment to a record shall be electronically stored apart from the record which it amends. Each amendment to a record shall uniquely identify the person making the amendment and the date the amendment was made;
(iv) The electronic system shall provide for the maintenance of reports as originally submitted to FRA without corruption or loss of data; and
(v) Policies and procedures must be in place to prevent persons from altering electronic records, or otherwise interfering with the electronic system.
(2) Accessibility and availability. Any electronic record system used to create, maintain, or transfer a record required to be maintained by this part shall meet the following access and availability parameters:
(i) Paper copies of electronic records and amendments to those records that may be necessary to document compliance with this part shall be provided to any representative of the FRA or of a State agency participating in investigative and/or surveillance activities under part 212 of this chapter or any other authorized representative for inspection and photocopying upon request in accordance with § 225.35; and
(ii) Paper copies provided to FRA or of a State agency participating in investigative and/or surveillance activities under part 212 of this chapter or any other authorized representative shall be produced in a readable text format and all data shall be identified by narrative descriptions (e.g., “accident/incident number,” “number of days away from work,” “date of occurrence,” etc.).