Pt. 238, App. C
Appendix C to Part 238
—Suspension System Safety Performance Standards
This appendix contains the minimum suspension system safety performance standards for Tier II passenger equipment as required by § 238.427
. These requirements shall be the basis for evaluating suspension system safety performance until an industry standard acceptable to FRA is developed and approved under the procedures provided in § 238.21
(a) Passenger equipment suspension systems shall be designed to limit the lateral and vertical forces and lateral to vertical (L/V) ratios, for the time duration required to travel five feet at any operating speed or over any class of track, under all operating conditions as determined by the railroad, as follows:
(1) The maximum single wheel lateral to vertical force (L/V) ratio shall not exceed Nadal's limit as follows:
δ=flange angle (deg).
μ=coefficient of friction of 0.5.
(2) The net axle lateral force shall not exceed 0.5 times the static vertical axle load.
(3) The vertical wheel/rail force shall not be less than or equal to 10 percent of the static vertical wheel load.
(4) The sum of the vertical wheel loads on one side of any truck shall not be less than or equal to 20 percent of the static vertical axle load. This shall include the effect of a crosswind allowance as specified by the railroad for the intended service.
(5) The maximum truck side L/V ratio shall not exceed 0.6.
(6) When stopped on track with a uniform 6-inch superelevation, vertical wheel loads, at all wheels, shall not be less than or equal to 60 percent of the nominal vertical wheel load on level track.
(b) For purposes of this appendix, wheel/rail force measurements shall be processed through a low pass filter having a cut-off frequency of 25 Hz.