50 CFR 224.101 - Enumeration of endangered marine and anadromous species.

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§ 224.101 Enumeration of endangered marine and anadromous species.

(a) The regulations in this part identify the species under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Commerce that have been determined to be endangered species pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act, and provide for the conservation of such species by establishing rules and procedures to governing activities involving the species.

(b) The regulations in this part apply only to the endangered species enumerated in this section.

(c) The provisions of this part are in addition to, and not in lieu of, other regulations of parts 222 through 226 of this chapter which prescribe additional restrictions or conditions governing endangered species.

(d) The table below identifies the species under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Commerce that have been determined to be endangered pursuant to section 4(a) of the Act, species treated as endangered because they are sufficiently similar in appearance to endangered species, and experimental populations of endangered species.

(e) The columns entitled “Common name,” “Scientific name,” and “Description of listed entity” define the species within the meaning of the Act. In the “Common name” column, experimental populations are identified as “XE” for essential populations or “XN” for nonessential populations. Species listed based on similarity of appearance are identified as “S/A.” Although a column for “Common name” is included, common names cannot be relied upon for identification of any specimen, because they may vary greatly in local usage. The “Scientific name” column provides the most recently accepted scientific name, relying to the extent practicable on the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. In cases in which confusion might arise, a synonym(s) will be provided in parentheses. The “Description of listed entity” column identifies whether the listed entity comprises the entire species, a subspecies, or a distinct population segment (DPS) and provides a description for any DPSs. Unless otherwise indicated in the “Description of listed entity” column, all individual members of the listed entity and their progeny retain their listing status wherever found, including individuals in captivity. Information regarding the general range of the species, subspecies, or DPS may be found in the Federal Register notice(s) cited in the “Citation(s) for listing determination(s)” column.

(f) The “Citation(s) for listing determination(s)” column provides reference to the Federal Register notice(s) determining the species' status under the Act. The abbreviation “(SPR)” (significant portion of its range) after a citation indicates that the species was listed based on its status in a significant portion of its range. If a citation does not include the “(SPR)” notation, it means that the species was listed based on its status throughout its entire range. For “(SPR)” listings, a geographical description of the SPR may be found in the referenced Federal Register Notice. The “(SPR)” notation serves an informational purpose only and does not imply any limitation on the application of the prohibitions or restrictions of the Act or implementing rules.

(g) The “Critical habitat” and “ESA rules” columns provide cross-references to other sections in this part and part 226. The term “NA” appearing in the “Critical habitat” column indicates that there are no critical habitat designations for that species; similarly, the term “NA” appearing in the “ESA rules” column indicates that there are no ESA rules for that species. However, all other applicable rules in parts 222 through 226 and part 402 still apply to that species. Also, there may be other rules in this title that relate to such wildlife. The “ESA rules” column is not intended to list all Federal, state, tribal, or local governmental regulations that may apply to the species.

(h) The endangered species under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Commerce are:

Species 1 Citation(s) for listing
determination(s)
Critical
habitat
ESA rules
Common name Scientific name Description of listed entity
Marine Mammals
Dolphin, Chinese River (aka baiji) Lipotes vexillifer Entire species 54 FR 22906 , May 30, 1989 NA NA.
Dolphin, South Asian River (Indus River subspecies) Platanista gangetica minor Entire subspecies 55 FR 50835 , Dec 11, 1990 NA NA.
Porpoise, Gulf of California harbor (aka vaquita or cochito) Phocoena sinus Entire species 50 FR 1056 , Jan 9, 1985 NA NA.
Sea lion, Steller (Western DPS) Eumetopias jubatus Steller sea lions born in the wild, west of 144° W. Long. Also, Steller sea lions born in captivity whose mother was born in the wild, west of 144° W. Long., and progeny of these captives 62 FR 24345 , May 5, 1997 226.202 224.103, 226.202.
Seal, Hawaiian monk Neomonachus schauinslandi (= Monachus schauinslandi) Entire Species 41 FR 51611 , Nov 23, 1976 226.201 NA
Seal, Mediterranean monk Monachus monachus Entire species 35 FR 8491 , June 2, 1970 NA NA.
Seal, ringed (Ladoga subspecies) Phoca (=Pusa) hispida ladogensis Entire subspecies 77 FR 76706 ; Dec 28, 2012 NA NA.
Seal, ringed (Saimaa subspecies) Phoca (=Pusa) hispida saimensis Entire subspecies 58 FR 26920 , May 6, 1993 NA NA.
Whale, beluga (Cook Inlet DPS) Delphinapterus leucas Beluga whales originating from Cook Inlet, Alaska 73 FR 62919 , Oct 22, 2008 226.220 NA.
Whale, blue Balaenoptera musculus Entire species 35 FR 18319 , Dec 2, 1970 NA NA.
Whale, bowhead Balaena mysticetus Entire species 35 FR 18319 , Dec 2, 1970 NA NA.
Whale, false killer (Main Hawaiian Islands Insular DPS) Pseudorca crassidens False killer whales found from nearshore of the main Hawaiian Islands out to 140 km (approximately 75 nautical miles) and that permanently reside within this geographic range 77 FR 70915 , November 28, 2012 NA NA.
Whale, fin or finback Balaenoptera physalus Entire species 35 FR 8491 , June 2, 1970 NA NA.
Whale, gray (Western North Pacific DPS) Eschrichtius robustus Western North Pacific (Korean) gray whales 35 FR 8491 , June 2, 1970; 59 FR 31094 , June 16, 1994 NA NA.
Whale, humpback Megaptera novaeangliae Entire species 35 FR 18319 , Dec 2, 1970 NA 224.103.
Whale, killer (Southern Resident DPS) Orcinus orca Killer whales from the J, K, and L pods 80 FR 7380 , Feb. 10, 2015 226.206 224.103
Whale, North Atlantic right Eubalaena glacialis Entire species 73 FR 12024 , Mar 6, 2008 226.203 224.103, 224.105.
Whale, North Pacific right Eubalaena japonica Entire species 73 FR 12024 , Mar 6, 2008 226.215 224.103.
Whale, sei Balaenoptera borealis Entire species 35 FR 18319 , Dec 2, 1970 NA NA.
Whale, Southern right Eubalaena australis Entire species 35 FR 18319 , Dec 2, 1970 NA NA.
Whale, sperm Physeter macrocephalus (= catodon) Entire species 35 FR 18319 , Dec 2, 1970 NA NA.
Reptiles 2
Sea snake, dusky Aipysurus fuscus Entire species 80 FR 60560 , Oct. 7, 2015 NA NA
Sea turtle, green (Central South Pacific DPS) Chelonia mydas Green sea turtles originating from the Central South Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following coordinates: 9° N., 175° W. in the northwest; 9° N., 125° W. in the northeast; 40° S., 96° W. in the southeast; 40° S., 176° E. in the southwest; and 13° S., 171° E. in the west 81 FR 20058 , 4/6/16 NA 224.104.
Sea turtle, green (Central West Pacific DPS) Chelonia mydas Green sea turtles originating from the Central West Pacific Ocean, bounded by the following coordinates: 41° N., 146° E. in the northwest; 41° N., 169° E. in the northeast; 9° N., 175° W. in the east; 13° S., 171° E. in the southeast; along the northern coast of the island of New Guinea; and 4.5° N., 129° E. in the west 81 FR 20058 , 4/6/16 NA 224.104.
Sea turtle, green (Mediterranean DPS) Chelonia mydas Green sea turtles originating from the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by 5.5° W. Long. in the west 81 FR 20058 , 4/6/16 NA 224.104.
Sea turtle, hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata Entire species 35 FR 8491 , June 2, 1970 226.209 224.104.
Sea turtle, Kemp's ridley Lepidochelys kempii Entire species 35 FR 18319 , Dec 2, 1970 NA 224.104.
Sea turtle, leatherback Dermochelys coriacea Entire species 35 FR 8491 , June 2, 1970 226.207 224.104.
Sea turtle, loggerhead (Mediterranean Sea DPS) Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the Mediterranean Sea east of 5°36′ W. Long 76 FR 58868 , Sep 22, 2011 NA 224.104
Sea turtle, loggerhead (North Indian Ocean DPS) Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the North Indian Ocean north of the equator and south of 30° N. Lat 76 FR 58868 , Sep 22, 2011 NA 224.104
Sea turtle, loggerhead (North Pacific Ocean DPS) Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the North Pacific north of the equator and south of 60° N. Lat 76 FR 58868 , Sep 22, 2011 NA 224.104
Sea turtle, loggerhead (Northeast Atlantic Ocean DPS) Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the Northeast Atlantic Ocean north of the equator, south of 60° N. Lat., and east of 40° W. Long., except in the vicinity of the Strait of Gibraltar where the eastern boundary is 5°36′ W. Long 76 FR 58868 , Sep 22, 2011 NA 224.104
Sea turtle, loggerhead (South Pacific Ocean DPS) Caretta caretta Loggerhead sea turtles originating from the South Pacific south of the equator, north of 60° S. Lat., west of 67° W. Long., and east of 141° E. Long 76 FR 58868 , Sep 22, 2011 NA 224.104
Sea turtle, olive ridley Lepidochelys olivacea Breeding colony populations on the Pacific coast of Mexico 43 FR 32800 , July 28, 1978 NA 224.104.
Fishes
Bocaccio (Puget Sound/Georgia Basin DPS) Sebastes paucispinis Bocaccio originating from Puget Sound and the Georgia Basin 75 FR 22276 , Apr 28, 2010 226.224 NA.
Salmon, Atlantic (Gulf of Maine DPS) Salmo salar Naturally spawned Atlantic salmon originating from the Gulf of Maine, including such Atlantic salmon originating from watersheds from the Androscoggin River northward along the Maine coast to the Dennys River. Also, Atlantic salmon from two artificial propagation programs: Green Lake National Fish Hatchery (GLNFH) and Craig Brook National Fish Hatchery (CBNFH). This DPS does not include landlocked salmon and those salmon raised in commercial hatcheries for aquaculture 74 FR 29344 , June 19, 2009 226.217 NA.
Salmon, Chinook (Sacramento River winter-run ESU) Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Naturally spawned winter-run Chinook salmon originating from the Sacramento River and its tributaries. Also, winter-run Chinook salmon from one artificial propagation program: the Livingston Stone National Fish Hatchery 70 FR 37160 , June 28, 2005 226.204 NA.
Salmon, Chinook (Upper Columbia River spring-run ESU) Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Naturally spawned spring-run Chinook salmon originating from Columbia River tributaries upstream of the Rock Island Dam and downstream of Chief Joseph Dam (excluding the Okanogan River subbasin). Also, spring-run Chinook salmon from six artificial propagation programs: the Twisp River Program; Chewuch River Program; Methow Program; Winthrop National Fish Hatchery Program; Chiwawa River Program; and the White River Program 70 FR 37160 , June 28, 2005 226.212 NA.
Salmon, coho (Central California Coast ESU) Oncorhynchus kisutch Naturally spawned coho salmon originating from rivers south of Punta Gorda, California to and including Aptos Creek, as well as such coho salmon originating from tributaries to San Francisco Bay. Also, coho salmon from three artificial propagation programs: the Don Clausen Fish Hatchery Captive Broodstock Program; the Scott Creek/King Fisher Flats Conservation Program; and the Scott Creek Captive Broodstock Program 70 FR 37160 , June 28, 2005; 77 FR 19552 , Apr 2, 2012 226.210 NA.
Salmon, sockeye (Snake River ESU) Oncorhynchus nerka Naturally spawned anadromous and residual sockeye salmon originating from the Snake River basin. Also, sockeye salmon from one artificial propagation program: the Redfish Lake Captive Broodstock Program 70 FR 37160 , June 28, 2005 226.205 NA.
Sawfish, dwarf Pristis clavata Entire species 79 FR 73978 , 12/12/2014 NA NA
Sawfish, green Pristis zijsron Entire species 79 FR 73978 , 12/12/2014 NA NA
Sawfish, largetooth Pristis pristis (formerly Pristis perotteti, Pristis pristis, and Pristis microdon) Entire species 79 FR 73978 , 12/12/2014 NA NA
Sawfish, narrow Anoxypristis cuspidata Entire species 79 FR 73978 , 12/12/2014 NA NA
Sawfish, smalltooth (United States DPS) Pristis pectinata Smalltooth sawfish originating from U.S. waters 68 FR 15674 , Apr 1, 2003 226.218 NA.
Sawfish, smalltooth (Non-U.S. DPS) Pristis pectinata Smalltooth sawfish originating from non-U.S. waters 79 FR 73978 , 12/12/2014 NA NA
Shark, scalloped hammerhead (Eastern Atlantic DPS) Sphyrna lewini Scalloped hammerhead sharks originating from the Eastern Atlantic Ocean, including all waters of the Mediterranean Sea, and delineated by the following boundary lines: bounded to the west by 30° W. long., to the north by 40° N. lat., to the south by 36° S. lat., and to the east by 20° E. long 79 FR 38214 , Jul 3, 2014 NA NA
Shark, scalloped hammerhead (Eastern Pacific DPS) Sphyrna lewini Scalloped hammerhead sharks originating from the Eastern Pacific Ocean, delineated by the following boundary lines: bounded to the north by 40° N lat. and to the south by 36° S lat. The western boundary line extends from 140° W. long. due south to 10° N., then due west along 10° N. lat. to 150° W. long., then due south to 4° S. lat., then due east along 4° S. lat. to 130° W. long, and then extends due south along 130° W. long 79 FR 38214 , Jul 3, 2014 NA NA
Steelhead (Southern California DPS) Oncorhynchus mykiss Naturally spawned anadromous O. mykiss (steelhead) originating below natural and manmade impassable barriers from the Santa Maria River to the U.S.-Mexico Border 71 FR 834 , Jan 5, 2006 226.211 NA.
Sturgeon, Adriatic Acipenser naccarii Entire species 79 FR 31222 , Jun 2, 2014 NA NA
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies; Carolina DPS) Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Atlantic sturgeon originating from watersheds (including all rivers and tributaries) from Albemarle Sound southward along the southern Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina coastal areas to Charleston Harbor 77 FR 5914 , Feb 6, 2012 NA NA.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies; Chesapeake Bay DPS) Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Anadromous Atlantic sturgeon originating from watersheds that drain into the Chesapeake Bay and into coastal waters from the Delaware-Maryland border on Fenwick Island to Cape Henry, Virginia 77 FR 5880 , Feb 6, 2012 NA NA.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies; New York Bight DPS) Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Anadromous Atlantic sturgeon originating from watersheds that drain into coastal waters, including Long Island Sound, the New York Bight, and Delaware Bay, from Chatham, Massachusetts to the Delaware-Maryland border on Fenwick Island 77 FR 5880 , Feb 6, 2012 NA NA.
Sturgeon, Atlantic (Atlantic subspecies; South Atlantic DPS) Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus Atlantic sturgeon originating from watersheds (including all rivers and tributaries) of the ACE (Ashepoo, Combahee, and Edisto) Basin southward along the South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida coastal areas to the St. Johns River, Florida 77 FR 5914 , Feb 6, 2012 NA NA.
Sturgeon, Chinese Acipenser sinensis Entire species 79 FR 31222 , Jun 2, 2014 NA NA
Sturgeon, European Acipenser sturio Entire species 79 FR 31222 , Jun 2, 2014 NA NA
Sturgeon, Kaluga Huso dauricus Entire species 79 FR 31222 , Jun 2, 2014 NA NA
Sturgeon, Sakhalin Acipenser mikadoi Entire species 79 FR 31222 , Jun 2, 2014 NA NA
Sturgeon, shortnose Acipenser brevirostrum Entire species 32 FR 4001 , Mar 11, 1967 NA NA.
Totoaba Cynoscion macdonaldi Entire species 44 FR 29480 , May 21, 1979 NA NA.
Molluscs
Abalone, black Haliotis cracherodii Entire species 74 FR 1937 , Jan 14, 2009 226.221 NA.
Abalone, white Haliotis sorenseni Entire species 66 FR 29054 , May, 29, 2001 NA NA.
Corals
Coral, [no common name] Cantharellus noumeae Entire species 80 FR 60560 , Oct. 7, 2015 NA NA
Coral, [no common name] Siderastrea glynni Entire species 80 FR 60560 , Oct. 7, 2015 NA NA
Coral, [no common name] Tubastraea floreana Entire species 80 FR 60560 , Oct. 7, 2015 NA NA.

1 Species includes taxonomic species, subspecies, distinct population segments (DPSs) (for a policy statement, see 61 FR 4722, February 7, 1996), and evolutionarily significant units (ESUs) (for a policy statement, see 56 FR 58612, November 20, 1991).

2 Jurisdiction for sea turtles by the Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries Service, is limited to turtles while in the water.

[79 FR 20814, Apr. 14, 2014, as amended at 79 FR 31227, June 2, 2014; 79 FR 38241, July 3, 2014; 79 FR 68372, Nov. 17, 2014; 79 FR 74005, Dec. 12, 2014; 79 FR 78725, Dec. 31, 2014; 80 FR 7978, Feb. 13, 2015; 80 FR 7390, Feb. 10, 2015; 80 FR 60564, Oct. 7, 2015; 81 FR 20090, Apr. 6, 2016]

Title 50 published on 2015-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 50 CFR Part 224 after this date.

  • 2015-12-07; vol. 80 # 234 - Monday, December 7, 2015
    1. 80 FR 76068 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 12-Month Finding for 7 Foreign Species of Elasmobranchs Under the Endangered Species Act
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
      Proposed rule; 12-month petition finding; request for comments.
      Comments on this proposed rule must be received by February 5, 2016. Public hearing requests must be made by January 21, 2016.
      50 CFR Parts 223 and 224
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