(e)Benefits means, except as otherwise defined in this subpart, anything of value, including but not limited to any advantage, preference, privilege, license, permit, favorable decision, ruling, status, or loan guarantee.
(f)Claim means any request, demand, or submission—
(1) Made to USDA for property, services, or money (including money representing grants, loans, insurance, or benefits);
(2) Made to a recipient of property, services, or money from USDA or to a party to a contract with USDA—
(i) For property or services if the United States—
(A) Provided such property or services; or
(B) Provided any portion of the funds for the purchase of such property or services; or
(C) Will reimburse such recipient or party for the purchase of such property or services; or
(ii) For the payment of money (including money representing grants, loans, insurance, or benefits) if the United States—
(A) Provided any portion of the money requested or demanded; or
(B) Will reimburse such recipient or party for any portion of the money paid on such request or demand; or
(3) Made to USDA which has the effect of decreasing an obligation to pay or account for property, services, or money.
(m)Investigating official means the Inspector General of USDA or an officer or employee of the Office of Inspector General designated by the Inspector General and serving in a position for which the rate of basic pay is not less than the minimum rate of basic pay for grade GS-16 under the General Schedule.
(o)Knows or has reason to know means that a person, with respect to a claim or statement—
(i) Has actual knowledge that the claim or statement is false, fictitious, or fraudulent;
(ii) Acts in deliberate ignorance of the truth or falsity of the claim or statement; or
(iii) Acts in reckless disregard of the truth or falsity of the claim or statement; and
(2) No proof of specific intent to defraud is required.
(p)Makes means presents, submits, or causes to be made, presented, or submitted. As the context requires, “making” or “made” shall likewise include the corresponding forms of such terms.
(q)Person means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or private organization, and includes the plural of that term.
(r)Representative means an attorney who is a member in good standing of the bar of any State, Territory, or possession of the United States or of the District of Columbia or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. This definition is not intended to foreclose pro se appearances. An individual may appear for himself or herself, and a corporation or other entity may appear by an owner, officer, or employee of the corporation or entity.
(s)Respondent means any person alleged in a complaint issued under § 1.308 of this part to be liable for a civil penalty or assessment under § 1.303 of this part.
(t)Reviewing official means an officer or employee of USDA—
(v)Statement means any representation, certification, affirmation, document, record, or accounting or bookkeeping entry made—
(1) With respect to a claim or to obtain the approval or payment of a claim (including relating to eligibility to make a claim); or
(2) With respect to (including relating to eligibility for)—
(i) A contract with, or a bid or proposal for a contract with; or
(ii) A grant, loan, or benefit from, USDA, or any State, political subdivision of a State, or other party, if the United States Government provides any portion of the money or property under such contract or for such grant, loan, or benefit, or if the Government will reimburse such State, political subdivision, or party for any portion of the money or property under such contract or for such grant, loan, or benefit.
(w)USDA means the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Title 7 published on 2014-01-01
The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 7.
For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.
This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.