7 CFR 1940.401 - Truth in lending.
(a)General. This section provides instructions for compliance with the Truth in Lending Act, as implemented by Regulation Z of the Federal Reserve System, to assure that individual Rural Housing (RH) applicants are informed of:
(1) The cost and terms of credit, and
(2) Their right to cancel certain credit transactions resulting in a lien or mortgage on their home.
(b)Scope. This section applies to all individuals who apply for loans, assumptions, or credit sales (hereafter described as transactions) for household purposes.
(1) Special rules for the right to cancel transactions not for purchase, acquisition or initial construction of a home broaden the scope of this section to include individuals who have an ownership interest in, and reside in as a principal dwelling, property which will be security for a mortgage, even though they may not execute the promissory note or assumption agreement. Such persons have the right to receive credit disclosures and the notice of the right to cancel and may cancel the transaction.
(2) This section does not apply to:
(i) Applicants who are corporations, associations, cooperatives, public bodies, partnerships, or other organizations;
(ii) Individual applicants for multiple family housing transactions (rural rental or labor housing), unless for a two-family dwelling in which the applicants will reside, and other business and commercial type loans; or
(iii) Applicants involved in credit transactions primarily for agricultural purposes.
(c)Disclosure of the cost and terms of credit -
(1)Form and content. Form RD 1940-41, “Truth in Lending Disclosure Statement,” will be used to provide the following required disclosures:
(i) Annual percentage rate;
(ii) Finance charge;
(iii) Amount financed;
(iv) Total of payments;
(v) Total sale price (required for credit sales only);
(vi) Payment schedule;
(vii) A separate itemization of the amount financed, if the applicant requests it. Normally this required disclosure will have been met in transactions subject to the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) by providing the applicant with Form RD 440-58, “Estimate of Settlement Costs”;
(viii) The lender's identity;
(ix) Prepayment or late payment penalties;
(x) Security interest;
(xi) Insurance requirements;
(xii) Assumption policy; and
(xiii) Referral to other loan documents.
(2)Timing, use of estimates and required redisclosure.
(i) In transactions for the purchase or construction of a home subject to RESPA, Form RD 1940-41, completed using “good faith” estimates based on the best information available, will be delivered or placed in the mail to the applicant no later than three (3) business days after receipt of a written application in the County Office.
(ii) In transactions not subject to RESPA, such as RH Section 502 transactions for repairs or refinancing or RH Section 504 transactions, Form RD 1940-41, completed using the actual terms of the transaction, will be delivered to each applicant (and in transactions which are subject to cancellation, each non-applicant with the right to cancel) at the time of loan approval.
(iii) In the event of a change in rates and terms between the time of initial disclosure and closing, whereby the annual percentage rate varies by more than one-eighth of one percent, redisclosure must be made. This may be done by entering the changes on all copies of the initial Form RD 1940-41, or by preparing a new Form RD 1940-41. When required, redisclosure may be made at the time the transaction is approved or at the time of the change, but the form must be delivered to the applicant before the signing of the promissory note or assumption agreement.
(3)Special instructions for assumption, reamortization, refinancing and multiple transactions.
(i) Assumptions, within the scope of paragraph (b) of this section, at new rates and terms or of existing obligations which were for purchase, acquisition or initial construction of a residence, require new credit disclosure before the assumption occurs. Since assumptions are not subject to RESPA, early disclosure is not required.
(ii) Reamortization, as described in 7 CFR part 3550, when the borrower is in default or delinquent, does not require new credit disclosure. In all other cases reamortization requires new credit disclosure.
(iii) Refinancing of debts in accordance with 7 CFR part 3550, though not subject to RESPA or early disclosure, does require credit disclosure at the time the transaction is approved.
(iv) Multiple transactions.
(A) When a subsequent loan is financed along with another transaction and both transactions require credit disclosure, a separate Form RD 1940-41 will be prepared for each transaction.
(B) Transactions with multiple advances will be treated as one transaction for the purpose of credit disclosure, in accordance with the Forms Manual Insert (FMI) for Form RD 1940-41.
(d)Notice of the right to cancel. The right to cancel applies only to transactions within the scope of paragraph (b) of this section, which are not for purchase, acquisition or initial construction of and which result in a mortgage on an individual's principal residence, such as RH Section 502 transactions for refinancing, repairs or rehabilitation or RH Section 504 transactions.
(1)Form and Content. Form RD 1940-43, “Notice of Right to Cancel”, will be used to notify individuals of their right to cancel those transactions, within the scope of paragraphs (b) and (d) of this section, which result in a mortgage on their principal residence except when the transaction is for its purchase or initial construction. This notice will identify the transaction and disclose the following:
(i) The acquisition of a security interest in the individual's principal residence.
(ii) The individual's right to cancel the transaction.
(iii) How to exercise the right to cancel the transaction, with a form for that purpose.
(iv) The effects of cancellation.
(v) The date the cancellation period expires.
(ii) Any entitled individual may cancel the transaction until midnight of the third business day following whichever of the following events occurs last:
(A) The date the transaction is closed.
(B) The date Truth in Lending credit disclosures were made.
(C) The date notice of the right to cancel was received.
(3)Disbursement of funds. In a transaction subject to cancellation funds will not be disbursed, other than to a designated attorney or title insurance company preparatory to closing, until:
(i) Forms FmHA 1940-43 have been given to the appropriate individuals,
(ii) The three-day cancellation period has expired, and
(iii) The loan approval official is reasonably assured that the transaction has not been cancelled. This assurance may be obtained by:
(A) Waiting a reasonable period of time after the expiration of the cancellation period to allow for the delivery of a mailed notice, or
(B) Obtaining a written statement from each individual entitled to cancel that the right has not been exercised.
(iv) This delay in disbursing funds may be waived in cases of a bonafide personal financial emergency, which must be met within the cancellation period, when the individual submits a signed and dated statement describing the nature of the emergency and waiving the right to cancel. Such a statement must be signed by all individuals entitled to cancel.
(4)Effects of cancellation.
(i) When an individual cancels a transaction, the mortgage securing the transaction becomes void and the borrower will not be liable for any amount, including any finance charge.
(ii) Within twenty (20) calendar days after receipt of a notice of cancellation the loan approval official will:
(A) Notify all interested parties of the cancellation;
(B) Return, and/or request the return of any money or property given to anyone in connection with the transaction; and
(C) Take the necessary action to terminate the mortgage.
(iii) Once evidence has been presented to the borrower that the mortgage has been terminated, the borrower must return any funds advanced by Rural Development to the Rural Development County Office or surrender any property at his/her residence within twenty (20) calendar days.
(e)Advertisements. An advertisement is defined as a commercial message in any medium that promotes, directly or indirectly, a credit transaction. Advertisements for credit sales of Government inventory property, within the scope of paragraph (b) of this section, are subject to the following requirements.
(1) If an advertisement states specific credit terms, it shall state only those terms that actually are or will be arranged or offered.
(2) If an advertisement states a rate of finance charge, it shall state the rate as an annual percentage rate, using that term.
(3) Terms requiring additional disclosures.
(i) If any of the following terms is set forth in an advertisement:
(A) The amount or percentage of any down payment,
(B) The number of payments or period of repayment,
(C) The amount of any payment, or
(D) The amount of any finance charge,
(ii) The advertisement must also state:
(A) The amount or percentage of down payment,
(B) The terms of repayment, and
(C) The annual percentage rate, using that term.