7 CFR 923.322 - Washington cherry handling regulation.
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(a) Grade. No handler shall handle, except as otherwise provided in this section, any lot of cherries, except cherries of the Rainier, Royal Anne, and similar varieties, commonly referred to as “light sweet cherries” unless such cherries grade at least Washington No. 1 grade except that the following tolerances, by count, of the cherries in the lot shall apply in lieu of the tolerances for defects provided in the Washington State Standards for Grades of Sweet Cherries: Provided, That a total of 10 percent for defects including in this amount not more than 5 percent, by count, of the cherries in the lot, for serious damage, and including in this latter amount not more than one percent, by count, of the cherries in the lot, for cherries affected by decay: Provided further, That the contents of individual packages in the lot are not limited as to the percentage of defects but the total of the defects of the entire lot shall be within the tolerances specified.
(b) Size. No handler shall handle, except as otherwise provided in this section, any lot of cherries unless such cherries meet the following minimum size requirements:
(1) For the Rainier variety and similar varieties commonly referred to as “lightly colored sweet cherries,” at least 90 percent, by count, of the cherries in any lot shall measure not less than61/64-inch in diameter and not more than 5 percent, by count, may be less than 57/64-inch in diameter.
(2) For all other varieties, at least 90 percent, by count, of the cherries in any lot shall measure not less than54/64 inch in diameter and not more than 5 percent, by count, may be less than 52/64 inch in diameter.
(c) Maturity. No handler shall handle, except as otherwise provided in this section, any lot of Rainier cherries or other varieties of “lightly colored sweet cherries” unless such cherries meet a minimum of 17 percent soluble solids as determined from a composite sample by refractometer prior to packing, at time of packing, or at time of shipment: Provided, That individual lots shall not be combined with other lots to meet soluble solids requirements.
(1) When containers of cherries are marked with a row count/row size designation the row count/row size marked shall be one of those shown in Column 1 of the following table and at least 90 percent, by count, of the cherries in any lot shall be not smaller than the corresponding diameter shown in Column 2 of such table:Provided, That the content of individual containers in the lot are not limited as to the percentage of undersize; but the total of undersize of the entire lot shall be within the tolerance specified.
|Column 1, row count/row size||Column 2 diameter(inches)|
(2) When containers of cherries are marked with a minimum diameter, at least 95 percent, by count, of the cherries in any lot and at least 90 percent, by count, of the cherries in any container, shall be not smaller than such minimum diameter.
(e) Light sweet cherries marked as premium. No handler shall handle, except as otherwise provided in this section, any package or container of Rainier cherries or other varieties of lightly colored sweet cherries marked as premium except in accordance with the following:
(1) Quality. 90 percent, by count, of such cherries in any lot must exhibit a pink-to-red surface blush and, for any given sample, not more than 20 percent of the cherries shall be absent a pink-to-red surface blush.
(2) Pack. At least 90 percent, by count, of the cherries in any lot shall measure not less than 64/64 inch (101/2 row) in diameter and not more than 5 percent, by count, may be less than 61/64 inch (11-row) in diameter.
(1) Persons desiring to ship or receive cherries for grading or packing outside the production area shall apply to the committee on a “Shippers/Receivers Application for Special Purpose Shipment Certificate” form, and receive approval from the Committee. The application shall contain the following: (i) Name, address, telephone number, and signature of applicant;
(ii) Certification by the applicant that cherries graded and packed outside the production area shall be inspected by the Federal-State Inspection Service and shall meet the grade, size, maturity, and pack requirements of this section prior to shipment; and
(2) Each approved applicant shall furnish to the committee, at the close of business every Friday, a report containing the following information on a “Special Purpose Shipment Report” form:
(3) The committee may rescind or deny to any applicant its approval of the “Shippers/Receivers Application for Special Purpose Shipment Certificate” if proof satisfactory to the committee is obtained that any cherries shipped or received by such applicant for grading or packing were handled contrary to the provisions of this section.
(g) Exceptions. Any individual shipment of cherries which meets each of the following requirements may be handled without regard to the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), and (e) of this section, and of §§ 923.41 and 923.55.
(3) Each container is stamped or marked with the wordsnot for resale in letters at least one-half inch in height.
(h) Definitions. When used herein, Washington No. 1 and diameter shall have the same meaning as when used in the Washington State Standards for Grades of Sweet Cherries (Order 1550 effective April 29, 1978, WAC 16-414-050); face packed means that cherries in the top layer in any container are so placed that the stem ends are pointing downward toward the bottom of the container; row count/row size means the number of cherries of a uniform size necessary to pack row-faced across a 101/2 inch inside width container or comparable number of cherries when packed loose in a container.
[47 FR 31538, July 21, 1982]
For Federal Register citations affecting § 923.322, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.
Title 7 published on 2015-01-01.
No entries appear in the Federal Register after this date, for 7 CFR Part 923.