7 CFR 959.322 - Handling regulation.

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§ 959.322 Handling regulation.

During the period beginning March 1 and ending June 4, no handler shall handle any onions, including onions for peeling, chopping, and slicing, unless they comply with paragraphs (a) through (c) or (d) or (e) of this section; except that onions handled during the period June 5 through July 15 shall comply with paragraphs (c) or (d) or (e) of this section.

(a)Grade requirements. Not to exceed 20 percent defects of U.S. No. 1 grade. In percentage grade lots, tolerances for serious damage shall not exceed 10 percent including not more than 2 percent decay. Double the lot tolerance shall be permitted in individual packages in percentage grade lots. Application of tolerances in U.S. onion standards shall apply to in-grade lots.

(b)Size requirements.

(1) “Small” - 1 to 2 1/4 inches in diameter, and limited to whites only;

(2) “Repacker” - 1 3/4 to 3 inches in diameter, with 60 percent or more 2 inches in diameter or larger;

(3) “Medium” - 2 to 3 1/2 inches in diameter; or

(4) “Jumbo” or “Large” - 3 inches or larger in diameter; or

(5) “Colossal” - 3 3/4 inches or larger in diameter.

(6) Tolerances for size in the U.S. onion standards shall apply except that for “repacker” and “medium” sizes not more than 20 percent, by weight, of onions in any lot may be larger than the maximum diameter specified. Application of tolerances in the U.S. onion standards shall apply.


(1) No handler may handle any onions regulated hereunder, except pursuant to paragraphs (d), (e)(1), or (e)(2) of this section unless an inspection certificate has been issued by the Federal or Federal-State Inspection Service, Texas Cooperative Inspection Program, covering them and the certificate is valid at the time of shipment. City destinations shall be listed on inspection certificates and release forms.

(2) No handler may transport by motor vehicle or cause such transportation of any shipment of onions for which an inspection certificate is required unless each such shipment is accompanied by a copy of the inspection certificate applicable thereto or the shipment release form furnished by the inspection service identifying truck lots to which a valid inspection certificate is applicable. A copy of such inspection certificate or shipment release form shall be surrendered upon request to Texas Department of Agriculture personnel designated by the committee.

(3) For purposes of operation under this part, each inspection certificate, shipment release form, or committee form required as evidence of inspection is hereby determined to be valid for a period not to exceed 72 hours following completion of inspection as shown on the certificate.

(4) Handlers shall pay assessment on all assessable onions according to the provisions of § 959.42.

(d)Minimum quantity exemption. Any handler may handle, other than for resale, up to, but not to exceed 110 pounds of onions per day without regard to the requirements of this section, but this exemption shall not apply to any shipment or any portion thereof of over 110 pounds of onions.

(e)Special purpose shipments.

(1) The minimum grade, size, quality, and inspection requirements set forth in paragraphs (a) through (c) of this section shall not be applicable to shipments of onions for charity, relief, export, and processing if handled in accordance with paragraph (f) of this section.

(2)Experimental shipments. Upon approval by the committee, onions may be shipped for experimental purposes exempt from regulations issued pursuant to §§ 959.42, 959.52 and 959.60, provided they are handled in accordance with the safeguard provisions of paragraph (f) of this section.

(3)Onions failing to meet requirements. Onions failing to meet the grade and size requirements of this section, and not exempt under paragraphs (d) or (e) of this section, may be handled only pursuant to § 959.126. Such onions not handled in accordance with paragraph (f) of this section shall be mechanically mutilated at the packing shed rendering them unsuitable for fresh market.

(f)Safeguards. Each handler making shipments of onions for charity, relief, export, processing, or experimental purposes shall:

(1) Apply to the committee for and obtain a Certificate of Privilege to make such shipments;

(2) Furnish reports of each shipment made under the applicable Certificate of Privilege;

(3) Such reports, in accordance with § 959.80, shall be furnished to the committee in such manner, on such forms and at such times as it may prescribe. Each handler shall maintain records of such shipments pursuant to § 959.80(c), and the records shall be subject to review and audit by the committee to verify reports thereon.

(4) In addition to provisions in the preceding paragraphs, each handler making shipments for processing shall:

(i) Weigh or cause to be weighed each shipment prior to, or upon arrival at, the processor.

(ii) Attach a copy of the weight ticket to a completed copy of the Report of Special Purpose Onion Shipment and return both promptly to the committee office.

(iii) Make each shipment directly to the processor or the processor's subcontractor and attach a copy of the Report of Special Purpose Onion Shipment.

(iv) Each processor or processor's subcontractor who receives cull onions shall weigh the onions upon receipt, complete the Report of Special Purpose Shipment which accompanies each load and mail it immediately to the committee office.

(v) Each processor who receives cull onions shall make available at its business office at any reasonable time during business hours, copies of all applicable purchase orders, sales contracts, or disposition documents for examination by the Department or by the committee, together with any other information which the committee or the Department may deem necessary to enable it to determine the disposition of the onions.

(vi) If a processor employs a subcontractor for any stage of processing, such processor shall be responsible for ensuring that the subcontractor accounts for all quantities of onions received and processed or otherwise disposed of, and that the subcontractor reports to the committee in the same manner and frequently as the processor.

(5) Cull onions transported in bags shall be transported in unlabelled bags, or shall have labelled bags reversed so that the label is not visible.

(g)Definitions. U.S. onion standards means the United States Standards for Grades of Bermuda-Granex-Grano Type Onions ( 7 CFR 51.3195- 51.3209, or the United States Standards for Grades of Onions (Other Than Bermuda-Granex-Grano and Creole Types) ( 7 CFR 51.2830- 51.2854, whichever is applicable to the particular variety, or variations thereof specified in this section. The term U.S. No. 1 shall have the same meaning as set forth in these standards. Processing means cooking or freezing the onions in such a way, or with such other food components, that the consistency of the product is changed. Canning and freezing shall be considered forms of processing. All other terms used in this section shall have the same meaning as when used in Marketing Agreement No. 143, as amended, and this part.

[ 47 FR 8552, Mar. 1, 1982]
Editorial Note:
For Federal Register citations affecting § 959.322, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE

§ 601 - Declaration of conditions

§ 602 - Declaration of policy; establishment of price basing period; marketing standards; orderly supply flow; circumstances for continued regulation

§ 603 - Government owned cotton; transfer to Secretary of Agriculture; powers of Secretary

§ 604 - Borrowing money; expenditures; authority of Secretary

§ 605 - Repealed. June 30, 1947, ch. 166, title II, § 206(d), 61 Stat. 208

§ 606 - Repealed. Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, § 34, 49 Stat. 775

§ 607 - Sale by Secretary; additional options; validation of assignments; publication of information

§ 608 - Powers of Secretary

7 U.S. Code § 608–1 - Omitted

§ 608a - Enforcement of chapter

7 U.S. Code § 608a–1 - Repealed. Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 898, title V, § 510, 50 Stat. 916

§ 608b - Marketing agreements; exemption from anti-trust laws; inspection requirements for handlers not subject to agreements

§ 608c - Orders

7 U.S. Code § 608c–1 - Repealed. June 29, 1945, ch. 196, 59 Stat. 263

§ 608d - Books and records

§ 608e - Repealed. July 3, 1948, ch. 827, title III, § 302(d), 62 Stat. 1258

7 U.S. Code § 608e–1 - Import prohibitions on specified foreign produce

§ 608f - Repealed. Pub. L. 89–106, § 9, Aug. 4, 1965, 79 Stat. 432

§ 609 - Processing tax; methods of computation; rate; what constitutes processing; publicity as to tax to avoid profiteering

§ 610 - Administration

§ 611 - “Basic agricultural commodity” defined; exclusion of commodities

§ 612 - Appropriation; use of revenues; administrative expenses

§ 612a, 612b - Omitted

§ 612c - Appropriation to encourage exportation and domestic consumption of agricultural products

7 U.S. Code § 612c–1 - Authorization for appropriations to increase domestic consumption of surplus farm commodities

7 U.S. Code § 612c–2 - Technical support to exporters and importers of United States agricultural products; scope of support provided by Department of Agriculture

7 U.S. Code § 612c–3 - Repealed. Pub. L. 101–624, title XV, § 1578, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3702

7 U.S. Code § 612c–4 - Purchase of specialty crops

7 U.S. Code § 612c–5 - Section 612c funds for purchase of fruits, vegetables, and nuts to support domestic nutrition assistance programs

7 U.S. Code § 612c–6 - Domestic food assistance programs

§ 613 - Termination date; investigations and reports

§ 613a - Repealed. Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 898, title V, § 510, 50 Stat. 916

§ 614 - Separability

§ 615 - Refunds of tax; exemptions from tax; compensating tax; compensating tax on foreign goods; covering into Treasury

§ 616 - Stock on hand when tax takes effect or terminates

§ 617 - Refund on goods exported; bond to suspend tax on commodity intended for export

§ 618 - Existing contracts; imposition of tax on vendee; collection

§ 619 - Collection of tax; provisions of internal revenue laws applicable; returns

§ 619a - Cotton tax, time for payment

§ 620 - Falsely ascribing deductions or charges to taxes; penalty

§ 621 - Machinery belting processed from cotton; exemption from tax

§ 622 - Omitted

§ 623 - Actions relating to tax; legalization of prior taxes

§ 624 - Limitation on imports; authority of President

§ 625 - Repealed. Pub. L. 108–357, title VI, § 611(s), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1523

§ 626 - Import inventory

§ 627 - Dairy forward pricing pilot program

§ 641 to 659 - Omitted

§ 671 - Arbitration of disputes concerning milk

§ 672 - Agreements; licenses, regulations, programs, etc., unaffected

§ 673 - Taxes under Agricultural Adjustment Act; laws unaffected

§ 674 - Short title

Title 7 published on 16-Jun-2018 03:56

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 7 CFR Part 959 after this date.

  • 2018-03-01; vol. 83 # 41 - Thursday, March 1, 2018
    1. 83 FR 8804 - Onions Grown in South Texas; Proposed Amendment to Marketing Order 959
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Agricultural Marketing Service
      Proposed rule.
      Comments must be received by April 30, 2018.
      7 CFR Part 959
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