9 CFR 319.106 - “Country Ham,” “Country Style Ham,” “Dry Cured Ham,” “Country Pork Shoulder,” “Country Style Pork Shoulder,” and “Dry Cured Pork Shoulder.”

§ 319.106 “Country Ham,” “Country Style Ham,” “Dry Cured Ham,” “Country Pork Shoulder,” “Country Style Pork Shoulder,” and “Dry Cured Pork Shoulder.”

(a) “Country Ham,” “Country Style Ham,” or “Dry Cured Ham,” and “Country Pork Shoulder,” “Country Style Pork Shoulder,” or “Dry Cured Pork Shoulder.” are the uncooked, cured, dried, smoked or unsmoked meat food products made respectively from a single piece of meat conforming to the definition of “ham,” as specified in § 317.8(b)(13) of this subchapter, or from a single piece of meat from a pork shoulder. They are prepared in accordance with paragraph (c) of this section by the dry application of salt (NaCl), or by the dry application of salt (NaCl) and one or more of the optional ingredients as specified in paragraph (d) of this section. They may not be injected with curing solutions nor placed in curing solutions.

(b) The product must be treated for the destruction of possible live trichinae in accordance with such methods as may be approved by the Administrator upon request in specific instances and none of the provisions of this standard can be interpreted as discharging trichinae treatment requirements.


(1) The entire exterior of the ham or pork shoulder shall be coated by the dry application of salt or by the dry application of salt combined with other ingredients as permitted in paragraph (d) of this section.

(2) Additional salt, or salt mixed with other permitted ingredients, may be reapplied to the product as necessary to insure complete penetration.

(3) When sodium or potassium nitrate, or sodium or potassium nitrite, or a combination thereof, is used, the application of salt shall be in sufficient quantity to insure that the finished product has an internal salt content of at least 4 percent.

(4) When no sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrite, potassium nitrite or a combination thereof is used, the application of salt shall be in sufficient quantity to insure that the finished product has a brine concentration of not less than 10 percent or a water activity of not more than 0.92.

(5) For hams or pork shoulders labeled “country” or “country style,” the combined period for curing and salt equalization shall not be less than 45 days for hams, and shall not be less than 25 days for pork shoulders; the total time for curing salt equalization, and drying shall not be less than 70 days for hams, and shall not be less than 50 days for pork shoulders. During the drying and smoking period, the internal temperature of the product must not exceed 95 °F., provided that such temperature requirement shall not apply to product dried or smoked under natural climatic conditions.

(6) For hams or pork shoulders labeled “dry cured,” the combined period for curing and salt equalization shall not be less than 45 days for hams, and shall not be less than 25 days for pork shoulders; and the total time for curing, salt equalization, and drying shall not be less than 55 days for hams and shall not be less than 40 days for pork shoulders.

(7) The weight of the finished hams and pork shoulders covered in this section shall be at least 18 percent less than the fresh uncured weight of the article.

(d) The optional ingredients for products covered in this section are:

(1) Nutritive sweeteners, spices, seasonings and flavorings.

(2) Sodium or potassium nitrate and sodium or potassium nitrite if used as prescribed in this section and in accordance with a regulation permitting that use in this subchapter or 9 CFR Chapter III, Subchapter E, or in 21 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A or Subchapter B.

[ 42 FR 3299, Jan. 18, 1977, as amended at 64 FR 72174, Dec. 23, 1999]
Effective Date Note:
At 46 FR 1257, Jan. 6, 1981, the Safety and Quality Service, Department of Agriculture, announced that “the temperature and time period provisions of 9 CFR 319.106, paragraphs (c)(5) and (c)(6), have not been in effect since Nov. 17, 1980, and will not be enforced pending future Agency action in the matter. However, ham and pork shoulders must continue to be prepared in compliance with all other provisions of 9 CFR 319.106 in order to be labeled ‘country ham,’ ‘country style ham,’ or ‘dry cured ham,’ and ‘country pork shoulder,’ ‘country style pork shoulder,’ or ‘dry cured pork shoulder.’ ”

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 601 - Definitions

§ 602 - Congressional statement of findings

§ 603 - Examination of animals prior to slaughter; use of humane methods

§ 604 - Post mortem examination of carcasses and marking or labeling; destruction of carcasses condemned; reinspection

§ 605 - Examination of carcasses brought into slaughtering or packing establishments, and of meat food products issued from and returned thereto; conditions for entry

§ 606 - Inspection and labeling of meat food products

§ 607 - Labeling, marking, and container requirements

§ 608 - Sanitary inspection and regulation of slaughtering and packing establishments; rejection of adulterated meat or meat food products

§ 609 - Examination of animals and food products thereof, slaughtered and prepared during nighttime

§ 610 - Prohibited acts

§ 611 - Devices, marks, labels, and certificates; simulations

§ 612 - Notification

§ 613 - Plans and reassessments

§ 614 - Repealed. Pub. L. 107–171, title X, § 10418(a)(19), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 508

§ 615 - Inspection of carcasses, meat of which is intended for export

§ 616 - Inspectors of carcasses, etc., meat of which is intended for export; certificates of condition

§ 617 - Clearance prohibited to vessel carrying meat for export without inspector’s certificate

§ 618 - Delivery of inspectors’ certificates, and of copies

§ 619 - Marking, labeling, or other identification to show kinds of animals from which derived; separate establishments for preparation and slaughtering activities

§ 620 - Imports

§ 621 - Inspectors to make examinations provided for; appointment; duties; regulations

§ 622 - Bribery of or gifts to inspectors or other officers and acceptance of gifts

§ 623 - Exemptions from inspection requirements

§ 624 - Storage and handling regulations; violations; exemption of establishments subject to non-Federal jurisdiction

§ 625 - Inapplicability of certain requirements to catfish

§ 641 - Prohibition of subchapter I inspection of articles not intended for use as human food; de­naturation or other identification prior to distribution in commerce; inedible articles

§ 642 - Recordkeeping requirements

§ 643 - Registration of business, name of person, and trade names

§ 644 - Regulation of transactions, transportation, or importation of 4–D animals to prevent use as human food

§ 645 - Federal provisions applicable to State or Territorial business transactions of a local nature and not subject to local authority

§ 661 - Federal and State cooperation

§ 671 - Inspection services; refusal or withdrawal; hearing; business unfitness based upon certain convictions; other provisions for withdrawal of services...with business; finality of Secretary’s actions; judicial review; record

§ 672 - Administrative detention; duration; pending judicial proceedings; notification of governmental authorities; release

§ 673 - Seizure and condemnation

§ 674 - Federal court jurisdiction of enforcement and injunction proceedings and other kinds of cases; limitations of section 607(e) of this title

§ 675 - Assaulting, resisting, or impeding certain persons; murder; protection of such persons

§ 676 - Violations

§ 677 - Other Federal laws applicable for administration and enforcement of chapter; location of inquiries; jurisdiction of Federal courts

§ 678 - Non-Federal jurisdiction of federally regulated matters; prohibition of additional or different requirements for establishments with inspection services and as...of adulterated or misbranded and imported articles; other matters

§ 679 - Application of Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

§ 679a - Safe Meat and Poultry Inspection Panel

§ 679b - Pasteurization of meat and poultry

§ 679c - Expansion of Food Safety Inspection Service activities

§ 680 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 683 - Interstate shipment of meat inspected by Federal and State agencies for certain small establishments

§ 691 - Omitted

§ 692 - Inspection extended to reindeer

§ 693 - Inspection of dairy products for export

§ 694 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 695 - Payment of cost of meat-inspection service; exception

Title 9 published on 2015-12-04

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 9 CFR Part 319 after this date.

  • 2017-01-19; vol. 82 # 12 - Thursday, January 19, 2017
    1. 82 FR 6732 - Revision of the Nutrition Facts Labels for Meat and Poultry Products and Updating Certain Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, Food Safety and Inspection Service
      Proposed rule.
      Comments must be received by March 20, 2017.
      9 CFR Parts 301, 304, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 327, 362, 381, 412 and 413

Title 9 published on 2015-12-04.

No entries appear in the Federal Register after this date, for 9 CFR Part 319.