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§ 2-700. How to Cite Books

The relevant citation principles follow; section 3-700 provides basic examples.

§ 2-710. Book Citations – Most Common Form [BB|ALWD]

Principle: A standard book citation consists of the following elements (in order):

§ 2-710(a) Examples Window (restore)

Element (a) - The volume number (if it is a multi-volume work) followed by a space «e.g.»

§ 2-710(b) Examples Window (restore)

Element (b) - The full name of the author(s) followed by a comma and a space

§ 2-710(c) Examples Window (restore)

Element (c) - Title (italicized or underlined) followed by a space, with all words other than prepositions and conjunctions begun with a capital letter «e.g.»

§ 2-710(d) Examples Window (restore)

Element (d) - Cited portion(s) of the book indicated by section, paragraph, or page number followed by a space «e.g.»

§ 2-710(e) Examples Window (restore)

Element (e) - Parentheses containing the edition number (if there have been multiple editions) and year of publication «e.g.». When citing from the online version of a treatise the year should be the year in the copyright notice on the page.

§ 2-720. Book Citations – Variants and Special Cases

§ 2-720(1) Examples Window (restore)

Special Case 1 – Works by Institutional Authors: [BB|ALWD]

Works by institutional authors are cited like books by individuals with the name of the institution substituting for the name of an individual author «e.g.». If an individual author is credited for the work along with the institution, both are listed with the individual author coming first «e.g.». Where multiple units or division of the institution are listed on the work, the citation includes the smallest unit first and then skips to the largest, omitting all in between «e.g.». In cases where an individual author is cited, the name of that author substitutes for the smallest unit.

§ 2-720(2) Examples Window (restore)

Special Case 2 – Services: [BB|ALWD]

Compilations organized around specialized fields include a wide variety of material, ranging from statutes to brief commentary. They are a frequent source of otherwise unpublished cases.

Citations to material in such a service include the name or title of the cited document in accordance with the rules applicable to its type (cases, administrative material, etc.). The portion of the citation identifying the document's address in the service includes: volume, abbreviated title (not italicized), publisher in parentheses, subdivision «e.g.». In cases where the volume designation is not simply a number it should be placed in brackets to separate it from the work's title «e.g.». The date accompanying the citation (in most cases, at the end, in parentheses) is the full date of the cited document «e.g.».

§ 2-720(3) Examples Window (restore)

Special Case 3 – Restatements: [BB|ALWD]

Restatements are not attributed to an author; they are cited simply by name, subdivision, and year.

The most recent edition of The Bluebook prescribes adding the name of the sponsoring entity, abbreviated, in the concluding parenthetical. For Restatements that would be "Am. Law Inst." «e.g.» To date this new requirement has no support in professional citation practice.

§ 2-720(4) Examples Window (restore)

Special Case 4 – Annotations: [BB|ALWD]

Annotations in the American Law Reports (A.L.R.) are treated as articles in a collection or journal. Since the online versions in LexisNexis and Westlaw fail to show original interior pagination and are continuously updated, they require the use of section numbers in any pinpoint reference and, if cited for recent material, may call for use of the current year rather than the year of initial publication.

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