value

(11) Avoidable transfers (A) Fraudulent transfers The Corporation, as receiver for any covered financial company, may avoid a transfer of any interest of the covered financial company in property, or any obligation incurred by the covered financial company, that was made or incurred at or within 2 years before the date on which the Corporation was appointed receiver, if— (i) the covered financial company voluntarily or involuntarily— (I) made such transfer or incurred such obligation with actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud any entity to which the covered financial company was or became, on or after the date on which such transfer was made or such obligation was incurred, indebted; or (II) received less than a reasonably equivalent value in exchange for such transferor obligation; and (ii) the covered financial company voluntarily or involuntarily— (I) was insolvent on the date that such transfer was made or such obligation was incurred, or became insolvent as a result of such transfer or obligation; (II) was engaged in business or a transaction, or was about to engage in business or a transaction, for which any property remaining with the covered financial company was an unreasonably small capital; (III) intended to incur, or believed that the covered financial company would incur, debts that would be beyond the ability of the covered financial company to pay as such debts matured; or (IV) made such transfer to or for the benefit of an insider, or incurred such obligation to or for the benefit of an insider, under an employment contract and not in the ordinary course of business. (B) Preferential transfers The Corporation as receiver for any covered financial company may avoid a transfer of an interest of the covered financial company in property— (i) to or for the benefit of a creditor; (ii) for or on account of an antecedent debt that was owed by the covered financial company before the transfer was made; (iii) that was made while the covered financial company was insolvent; (iv) that was made— (I) 90 days or less before the date on which the Corporation was appointed receiver; or (II) more than 90 days, but less than 1 year before the date on which the Corporation was appointed receiver, if such creditor at the time of the transfer was an insider; and (v) that enables the creditor to receive more than the creditor would receive if— (I) the covered financial company had been liquidated under chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code; (II) the transfer had not been made; and (III) the creditor received payment of such debt to the extent provided by the provisions of chapter 7 of the Bankruptcy Code. (C) Post-receivership transactions The Corporation as receiver for any covered financial company may avoid a transfer of property of the receivership that occurred after the Corporation was appointed receiver that was not authorized under this subchapter by the Corporation as receiver. (D) Right of recovery To the extent that a transfer is avoided under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), the Corporation may recover, for the benefit of the covered financial company, the property transferred or, if a court so orders, the value of such property (at the time of such transfer) from— (i) the initial transferee of such transfer or the person for whose benefit such transfer was made; or (ii) any immediate or mediate transferee of any such initial transferee. (E) Rights of transferee or obligee The Corporation may not recover under subparagraph (D)(ii) from— (i) any transferee that takes for value, including in satisfaction of or to secure a present or antecedent debt, in good faith, and without knowledge of the voidability of the transfer avoided; or (ii) any immediate or mediate good faith transferee of such transferee. (F) Defenses Subject to the other provisions of this subchapter— (i) a transferee or obligee from which the Corporation seeks to recover a transfer or to avoid an obligation under subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) shall have the same defenses available to a transferee or obligee from which a trustee seeks to recover a transfer or avoid an obligation under sections 547, 548, and 549 of the Bankruptcy Code; and (ii) the authority of the Corporation to recover a transfer or avoid an obligation shall be subject to subsections (b) and (c) of section 546, section 547(c), and section 548(c) of the Bankruptcy Code. (G) Rights under this section The rights of the Corporation as receiver under this section shall be superior to any rights of a trustee or any other party (other than a Federal agency) under the Bankruptcy Code. (H) Rules of construction; definitions For purposes of— (i) subparagraphs (A) and (B)— (I) the term “insider” has the same meaning as in section 101(31) of the Bankruptcy Code; (II) a transfer is made when such transfer is so perfected that a bona fide purchaser from the covered financial company against whom applicable law permits such transfer to be perfected cannot acquire an interest in the property transferred that is superior to the interest in such property of the transferee, but if such transfer is not so perfected before the date on which the Corporation is appointed as receiver for the covered financial company, such transfer is made immediately before the date of such appointment; and (III) the term “value” means property, or satisfaction or securing of a present or antecedent debt of the covered financial company, but does not include an unperformed promise to furnish support to the covered financial company; and (ii) subparagraph (B)— (I) the covered financial company is presumed to have been insolvent on and during the 90-day period immediately preceding the date of appointment of the Corporation as receiver; and (II) the term “insolvent” has the same meaning as in section 101(32) of the Bankruptcy Code.

Source

12 USC § 5390(a)(11)


Scoping language

None identified. Default scope is assumed to be the entire title.
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