financial product or service
(15) Financial product or service (A) In general The term “financial product or service” means— (i) extending credit and servicing loans, including acquiring, purchasing, selling, brokering, or other extensions of credit (other than solely extending commercial credit to a person who originates consumer credit transactions); (ii) extending or brokering leases of personal or real property that are the functional equivalent of purchase finance arrangements, if— (I) the lease is on a non-operating basis; (II) the initial term of the lease is at least 90 days; and (III) in the case of a lease involving real property, at the inception of the initial lease, the transaction is intended to result in ownership of the leased property to be transferred to the lessee, subject to standards prescribed by the Bureau; (iii) providing real estate settlement services, except such services excluded under subparagraph (C), or performing appraisals of real estate or personal property; (iv) engaging in deposit-taking activities, transmitting or exchanging funds, or otherwise acting as a custodian of funds or any financial instrument for use by or on behalf of a consumer; (v) selling, providing, or issuing stored value or payment instruments, except that, in the case of a sale of, or transaction to reload, stored value, only if the seller exercises substantial control over the terms or conditions of the stored value provided to the consumer where, for purposes of this clause— (I) a seller shall not be found to exercise substantial control over the terms or conditions of the stored value if the seller is not a party to the contract with the consumer for the stored value product, and another person is principally responsible for establishing the terms or conditions of the stored value; and (II) advertising the nonfinancial goods or services of the seller on the stored value card or device is not in itself an exercise of substantial control over the terms or conditions; (vi) providing check cashing, check collection, or check guaranty services; (vii) providing payments or other financial data processing products or services to a consumer by any technological means, including processing or storing financial or banking data for any payment instrument, or through any payments systems or network used for processing payments data, including payments made through an online banking system or mobile telecommunications network, except that a person shall not be deemed to be a covered person with respect to financial data processing solely because the person— (I) is a merchant, retailer, or seller of any nonfinancial good or service who engages in financial data processing by transmitting or storing payments data about a consumer exclusively for purpose of initiating payments instructions by the consumer to pay such person for the purchase of, or to complete a commercial transaction for, such nonfinancial good or service sold directly by such person to the consumer; or (II) provides access to a host server to a person for purposes of enabling that person to establish and maintain a website; (viii) providing financial advisory services (other than services relating to securities provided by a person regulated by the Commission or a person regulated by a State securities Commission, but only to the extent that such person acts in a regulated capacity) to consumers on individual financial matters or relating to proprietary financial products or services (other than by publishing any bona fide newspaper, news magazine, or business or financial publication of general and regular circulation, including publishing market data, news, or data analytics or investment information or recommendations that are not tailored to the individual needs of a particular consumer), including— (I) providing credit counseling to any consumer; and (II) providing services to assist a consumer with debt management or debt settlement, modifying the terms of any extension of credit, or avoiding foreclosure; (ix) collecting, analyzing, maintaining, or providing consumer report information or other account information, including information relating to the credit history of consumers, used or expected to be used in connection with any decision regarding the offering or provision of a consumer financial product or service, except to the extent that— (I) a person— (aa) collects, analyzes, or maintains information that relates solely to the transactions between a consumer and such person; (bb) provides the information described in item (aa) to an affiliate of such person; or (cc) provides information that is used or expected to be used solely in any decision regarding the offering or provision of a product or service that is not a consumer financial product or service, including a decision for employment, government licensing, or a residential lease or tenancy involving a consumer; and (II) the information described in subclause (I)(aa) is not used by such person or affiliate in connection with any decision regarding the offering or provision of a consumer financial product or service to the consumer, other than credit described in section 5517(a)(2)(A) of this title ; (x) collecting debt related to any consumer financial product or service; and (xi) such other financial product or service as may be defined by the Bureau, by regulation, for purposes of this title, 1 if the Bureau finds that such financial product or service is— (I) entered into or conducted as a subterfuge or with a purpose to evade any Federal consumer financial law; or (II) permissible for a bank or for a financial holding company to offer or to provide under any provision of a Federal law or regulation applicable to a bank or a financial holding company, and has, or likely will have, a material impact on consumers. (B) Rule of construction (i) In general For purposes of subparagraph (A)(xi)(II), and subject to clause (ii) of this subparagraph, the following activities provided to a covered person shall not, for purposes of this title, 1 be considered incidental or complementary to a financial activity permissible for a financial holding company to engage in under any provision of a Federal law or regulation applicable to a financial holding company: (I) Providing information products or services to a covered person for identity authentication. (II) Providing information products or services for fraud or identify theft detection, prevention, or investigation. (III) Providing document retrieval or delivery services. (IV) Providing public records information retrieval. (V) Providing information products or services for anti-money laundering activities. (ii) Limitation Nothing in clause (i) may be construed as modifying or limiting the authority of the Bureau to exercise any— (I) examination or enforcement powers authority under this title 1 with respect to a covered person or service provider engaging in an activity described in subparagraph (A)(ix); or (II) powers authorized by this title 1 to prescribe rules, issue orders, or take other actions under any enumerated consumer law or law for which the authorities are transferred under subtitle F or H. (C) Exclusions The term “financial product or service” does not include— (i) the business of insurance; or (ii) electronic conduit services.
12 USC § 5481(15)
None identified, default scope is assumed to be the parent (subchapter V) of this section.