collective total costs

(6) Collective total costs .— The term “collective total costs”— (A) means the total costs of establishing, maintaining, and operating the mechanical licensing collective to fulfill its statutory functions, including— (i) startup costs; (ii) financing, legal, audit, and insurance costs; (iii) investments in information technology, infrastructure, and other long-term resources; (iv) outside vendor costs; (v) costs of licensing, royalty administration, and enforcement of rights; (vi) costs of bad debt; and (vii) costs of automated and manual efforts to identify and locate copyright owners of musical works (and shares of such musical works) and match sound recordings to the musical works the sound recordings embody; and (B) does not include any added costs incurred by the mechanical licensing collective to provide services under voluntary licenses.


17 USC § 115(e)(6)

Scoping language

As used in this section
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