(12) Project .— The term “project” means— (A) any surface transportation project eligible for Federal assistance under this title or chapter 53 of title 49; (B) a project for an international bridge or tunnel for which an international entity authorized under Federal or State law is responsible; (C) a project for intercity passenger bus or rail facilities and vehicles, including facilities and vehicles owned by the National Railroad Passenger Corporation and components of magnetic levitation transportation systems; (D) a project that— (i) is a project— (I) for a public freight rail facility or a private facility providing public benefit for highway users by way of direct freight interchange between highway and rail carriers; (II) for an intermodal freight transfer facility; (III) for a means of access to a facility described in subclause (I) or (II); (IV) for a service improvement for a facility described in subclause (I) or (II) (including a capital investment for an intelligent transportation system); or (V) that comprises a series of projects described in subclauses (I) through (IV) with the common objective of improving the flow of goods; (ii) may involve the combining of private and public sector funds, including investment of public funds in private sector facility improvements; (iii) if located within the boundaries of a port terminal, includes only such surface transportation infrastructure modifications as are necessary to facilitate direct intermodal interchange, transfer, and access into and out of the port; and (iv) is composed of related highway, surface transportation, transit, rail, or intermodal capital improvement projects eligible for assistance under this section in order to meet the eligible project cost threshold under section 602, by grouping related projects together for that purpose, subject to the condition that the credit assistance for the projects is secured by a common pledge; (E) a project to improve or construct public infrastructure— (i) that— (I) is located within walking distance of, and accessible to, a fixed guideway transit facility, passenger rail station, intercity bus station, or intermodal facility, including a transportation, public utility, or capital project described in section 5302(4)(G)(v) of title 49, and related infrastructure; or (II) is a project for economic development, including commercial and residential development, and related infrastructure and activities— (aa) that incorporates private investment; (bb) that is physically or functionally related to a passenger rail station or multimodal station that includes rail service; (cc) for which the project sponsor has a high probability of commencing the contracting process for construction by not later than 90 days after the date on which credit assistance under the TIFIA program is provided for the project; and (dd) that has a high probability of reducing the need for financial assistance under any other Federal program for the relevant passenger rail station or service by increasing ridership, tenant lease payments, or other activities that generate revenue exceeding costs; and (ii) for which, by not later than September 30, 2026 , the Secretary has— (I) received a letter of interest; and (II) determined that the project is eligible for assistance; (F) the capitalization of a rural projects fund; (G) an eligible airport-related project (as defined in section 40117(a) of title 49 ) for which, not later than September 30, 2025 , the Secretary has— (i) received a letter of interest; and (ii) determined that the project is eligible for assistance; and (H) a project for the acquisition of plant and wildlife habitat pursuant to a conservation plan that— (i) has been approved by the Secretary of the Interior pursuant to section 10 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 ( 16 U.S.C. 1539 ); and (ii) in the judgment of the Secretary, would mitigate the environmental impacts of transportation infrastructure projects otherwise eligible for assistance under this title.


23 USC § 601(a)(12)

Scoping language

None identified, default scope is assumed to be the parent (chapter 6) of this section.
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