controlled foreign corporation
(3) Dispositions (A) In general For purposes of this chapter, if property which has been used predominantly without the United States in a trade or business is disposed of during any taxable year— (i) the taxpayer, notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter (other than paragraph (1)), shall be deemed to have received and recognized taxable income from sources without the United States in the taxable year of the disposition, by reason of such disposition, in an amount equal to the lesser of the excess of the fair market value of such property over the taxpayer’s adjusted basis in such property or the remaining amount of the overall foreign losses which were not used under paragraph (1) for such taxable year or any prior taxable year, and (ii) paragraph (1) shall be applied with respect to such income by substituting “100 percent” for “50 percent”. In determining for purposes of this subparagraph whether the predominant use of any property has been without the United States, there shall be taken into account use during the 3-year period ending on the date of the disposition (or, if shorter, the period during which the property has been used in the trade or business). (B) Disposition defined and special rules (i) For purposes of this subsection, the term “disposition” includes a sale, exchange, distribution, or gift of property whether or not gain or loss is recognized on the transfer. (ii) Any taxable income recognized solely by reason of subparagraph (A) shall have the same characterization it would have had if the taxpayer had sold or exchanged the property. (iii) The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as he may deem necessary to provide for adjustments to the basis of property to reflect taxable income recognized solely by reason of subparagraph (A). (C) Exceptions Notwithstanding subparagraph (B), the term “disposition” does not include— (i) a disposition of property which is not a material factor in the realization of income by the taxpayer, or (ii) a disposition of property to a domestic corporation in a distribution or transfer described in section 381(a). (D) Application to certain dispositions of stock in controlled foreign corporation (i) In general This paragraph shall apply to an applicable disposition in the same manner as if it were a disposition of property described in subparagraph (A), except that the exception contained in subparagraph (C)(i) shall not apply. (ii) Applicable disposition For purposes of clause (i), the term “applicable disposition” means any disposition of any share of stock in a controlled foreign corporation in a transaction or series of transactions if, immediately before such transaction or series of transactions, the taxpayer owned more than 50 percent (by vote or value) of the stock of the controlled foreign corporation. Such term shall not include a disposition described in clause (iii) or (iv), except that clause (i) shall apply to any gain recognized on any such disposition. (iii) Exception for certain exchanges where ownership percentage retained A disposition shall not be treated as an applicable disposition under clause (ii) if it is part of a transaction or series of transactions— (I) to which section 351 or 721 applies, or under which the transferor receives stock in a foreign corporation in exchange for the stock in the controlled foreign corporation and the stock received is exchanged basis property (as defined in section 7701(a)(44)), and (II) immediately after which, the transferor owns (by vote or value) at least the same percentage of stock in the controlled foreign corporation (or, if the controlled foreign corporation is not in existence after such transaction or series of transactions, in another foreign corporation stock in which was received by the transferor in exchange for stock in the controlled foreign corporation) as the percentage of stock in the controlled foreign corporation which the taxpayer owned immediately before such transaction or series of transactions. (iv) Exception for certain asset acquisitions A disposition shall not be treated as an applicable disposition under clause (ii) if it is part of a transaction or series of transactions in which the taxpayer (or any member of an affiliated group of corporations filing a consolidated return under section 1501 which includes the taxpayer) acquires the assets of a controlled foreign corporation in exchange for the shares of the controlled foreign corporation in a liquidation described in section 332 or a reorganization described in section 368(a)(1). (v) Controlled foreign corporation For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “controlled foreign corporation” has the meaning given such term by section 957. (vi) Stock ownership For purposes of this subparagraph, ownership of stock shall be determined under the rules of subsections (a) and (b) of section 958.