(1) In general The term “qualified research” means research— (A) with respect to which expenditures may be treated as expenses under section 174, (B) which is undertaken for the purpose of discovering information— (i) which is technological in nature, and (ii) the application of which is intended to be useful in the development of a new or improved business component of the taxpayer, and (C) substantially all of the activities of which constitute elements of a process of experimentation for a purpose described in paragraph (3). Such term does not include any activity described in paragraph (4).
26 USC § 41(d)(1)
None identified. Default scope is assumed to be the entire title.