eligible designated beneficiary

(9) Required distributions.— (A) In general .— A trust shall not constitute a qualified trust under this subsection unless the plan provides that the entire interest of each employee— (i) will be distributed to such employee not later than the required beginning date, or (ii) will be distributed, beginning not later than the required beginning date, in accordance with regulations, over the life of such employee or over the lives of such employee and a designated beneficiary (or over a period not extending beyond the life expectancy of such employee or the life expectancy of such employee and a designated beneficiary). (B) Required distribution where employee dies before entire interest is distributed.— (i) Where distributions have begun under subparagraph (A)(ii).— A trust shall not constitute a qualified trust under this section unless the plan provides that if— (I) the distribution of the employee’s interest has begun in accordance with subparagraph (A)(ii), and (II) the employee dies before his entire interest has been distributed to him, the remaining portion of such interest will be distributed at least as rapidly as under the method of distributions being used under subparagraph (A)(ii) as of the date of his death. (ii) 5- year rule for other cases .— A trust shall not constitute a qualified trust under this section unless the plan provides that, if an employee dies before the distribution of the employee’s interest has begun in accordance with subparagraph (A)(ii), the entire interest of the employee will be distributed within 5 years after the death of such employee. (iii) Exception to 5-year rule for certain amounts payable over life of beneficiary .— If— (I) any portion of the employee’s interest is payable to (or for the benefit of) a designated beneficiary, (II) such portion will be distributed (in accordance with regulations) over the life of such designated beneficiary (or over a period not extending beyond the life expectancy of such beneficiary), and (III) such distributions begin not later than 1 year after the date of the employee’s death or such later date as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe, for purposes of clause (ii), the portion referred to in subclause (I) shall be treated as distributed on the date on which such distributions begin. (iv) Special rule for surviving spouse of employee .— If the designated beneficiary referred to in clause (iii)(I) is the surviving spouse of the employee— (I) the date on which the distributions are required to begin under clause (iii)(III) shall not be earlier than the date on which the employee would have attained age 72, and (II) if the surviving spouse dies before the distributions to such spouse begin, this subparagraph shall be applied as if the surviving spouse were the employee. (C) Required beginning date .— For purposes of this paragraph— (i) In general .— The term “required beginning date” means April 1 of the calendar year following the later of— (I) the calendar year in which the employee attains age 72, or (II) the calendar year in which the employee retires. (ii) Exception .— Subclause (II) of clause (i) shall not apply— (I) except as provided in section 409(d), in the case of an employee who is a 5-percent owner (as defined in section 416 ) with respect to the plan year ending in the calendar year in which the employee attains age 72, or (II) for purposes of section 408(a)(6) or (b)(3). (iii) Actuarial adjustment .— In the case of an employee to whom clause (i)(II) applies who retires in a calendar year after the calendar year in which the employee attains age 70½, the employee’s accrued benefit shall be actuarially increased to take into account the period after age 70½ in which the employee was not receiving any benefits under the plan. (iv) Exception for governmental and church plans .— Clauses (ii) and (iii) shall not apply in the case of a governmental plan or church plan. For purposes of this clause, the term “church plan” means a plan maintained by a church for church employees, and the term “church” means any church (as defined in section 3121(w)(3)(A) ) or qualified church-controlled organization (as defined in section 3121(w)(3)(B)). (D) Life expectancy .— For purposes of this paragraph, the life expectancy of an employee and the employee’s spouse (other than in the case of a life annuity) may be redetermined but not more frequently than annually. (E) Definitions and rules relating to designated beneficiaries .— For purposes of this paragraph— (i) Designated beneficiary .— The term “designated beneficiary” means any individual designated as a beneficiary by the employee. (ii) Eligible designated beneficiary .— The term “eligible designated beneficiary” means, with respect to any employee, any designated beneficiary who is— (I) the surviving spouse of the employee, (II) subject to clause (iii), a child of the employee who has not reached majority (within the meaning of subparagraph (F)), (III) disabled (within the meaning of section 72(m)(7) ), (IV) a chronically ill individual (within the meaning of section 7702B(c)(2), except that the requirements of subparagraph (A)(i) thereof shall only be treated as met if there is a certification that, as of such date, the period of inability described in such subparagraph with respect to the individual is an indefinite one which is reasonably expected to be lengthy in nature), or (V) an individual not described in any of the preceding subclauses who is not more than 10 years younger than the employee. The determination of whether a designated beneficiary is an eligible designated beneficiary shall be made as of the date of death of the employee. (iii) Special rule for children .— Subject to subparagraph (F), an individual described in clause (ii)(II) shall cease to be an eligible designated beneficiary as of the date the individual reaches majority and any remainder of the portion of the individual’s interest to which subparagraph (H)(ii) applies shall be distributed within 10 years after such date. (F) Treatment of payments to children .— Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, for purposes of this paragraph, any amount paid to a child shall be treated as if it had been paid to the surviving spouse if such amount will become payable to the surviving spouse upon such child reaching majority (or other designated event permitted under regulations). (G) Treatment of incidental death benefit distributions .— For purposes of this title, any distribution required under the incidental death benefit requirements of this subsection shall be treated as a distribution required under this paragraph. (H) Special rules for certain defined contribution plans .— In the case of a defined contribution plan, if an employee dies before the distribution of the employee’s entire interest— (i) In general .— Except in the case of a beneficiary who is not a designated beneficiary, subparagraph (B)(ii)— (I) shall be applied by substituting “10 years” for “5 years”, and (II) shall apply whether or not distributions of the employee’s interests have begun in accordance with subparagraph (A). (ii) Exception for eligible designated beneficiaries .— Subparagraph (B)(iii) shall apply only in the case of an eligible designated beneficiary. (iii) Rules upon death of eligible designated beneficiary .— If an eligible designated beneficiary dies before the portion of the employee’s interest to which this subparagraph applies is entirely distributed, the exception under clause (ii) shall not apply to any beneficiary of such eligible designated beneficiary and the remainder of such portion shall be distributed within 10 years after the death of such eligible designated beneficiary. (iv) Special rule in case of certain trusts for disabled or chronically ill beneficiaries .— In the case of an applicable multi-beneficiary trust, if under the terms of the trust— (I) it is to be divided immediately upon the death of the employee into separate trusts for each beneficiary, or (II) no individual (other than a eligible designated beneficiary described in subclause (III) or (IV) of subparagraph (E)(ii)) has any right to the employee’s interest in the plan until the death of all such eligible designated beneficiaries with respect to the trust, for purposes of a trust described in subclause (I), clause (ii) shall be applied separately with respect to the portion of the employee’s interest that is payable to any eligible designated beneficiary described in subclause (III) or (IV) of subparagraph (E)(ii); and, for purposes of a trust described in subclause (II), subparagraph (B)(iii) shall apply to the distribution of the employee’s interest and any beneficiary who is not such an eligible designated beneficiary shall be treated as a beneficiary of the eligible designated beneficiary upon the death of such eligible designated beneficiary. (v) Applicable multi-beneficiary trust .— For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “applicable multi-beneficiary trust” means a trust— (I) which has more than one beneficiary, (II) all of the beneficiaries of which are treated as designated beneficiaries for purposes of determining the distribution period pursuant to this paragraph, and (III) at least one of the beneficiaries of which is an eligible designated beneficiary described in subclause (III) or (IV) of subparagraph (E)(ii). (vi) Application to certain eligible retirement plans .— For purposes of applying the provisions of this subparagraph in determining amounts required to be distributed pursuant to this paragraph, all eligible retirement plans (as defined in section 402(c)(8)(B), other than a defined benefit plan described in clause (iv) or (v) thereof or a qualified trust which is a part of a defined benefit plan) shall be treated as a defined contribution plan. (I) Temporary waiver of minimum required distribution.— (i) In general .— The requirements of this paragraph shall not apply for calendar year 2020 to— (I) a defined contribution plan which is described in this subsection or in section 403(a) or 403(b), (II) a defined contribution plan which is an eligible deferred compensation plan described in section 457(b) but only if such plan is maintained by an employer described in section 457(e)(1)(A), or (III) an individual retirement plan. (ii) Special rule for required beginning dates in 2020 .— Clause (i) shall apply to any distribution which is required to be made in calendar year 2020 by reason of— (I) a required beginning date occurring in such calendar year, and (II) such distribution not having been made before January 1, 2020 . (iii) Special rules regarding waiver period .— For purposes of this paragraph— (I) the required beginning date with respect to any individual shall be determined without regard to this subparagraph for purposes of applying this paragraph for calendar years after 2020, and (II) if clause (ii) of subparagraph (B) applies, the 5-year period described in such clause shall be determined without regard to calendar year 2020.

Source

26 USC § 401(a)(9)


Scoping language

For purposes of this paragraph
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