(4) Applicable employee remuneration For purposes of this subsection— (A) In general Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, the term “applicable employee remuneration” means, with respect to any covered employee for any taxable year, the aggregate amount allowable as a deduction under this chapter for such taxable year (determined without regard to this subsection) for remuneration for services performed by such employee (whether or not during the taxable year). (B) Exception for existing binding contracts The term “applicable employee remuneration” shall not include any remuneration payable under a written binding contract which was in effect on February 17, 1993 , and which was not modified thereafter in any material respect before such remuneration is paid. (C) Remuneration For purposes of this paragraph, the term “remuneration” includes any remuneration (including benefits) in any medium other than cash, but shall not include— (i) any payment referred to in so much of section 3121(a)(5) as precedes subparagraph (E) thereof, and (ii) any benefit provided to or on behalf of an employee if at the time such benefit is provided it is reasonable to believe that the employee will be able to exclude such benefit from gross income under this chapter. For purposes of clause (i), section 3121(a)(5) shall be applied without regard to section 3121(v)(1). (D) Coordination with disallowed golden parachute payments The dollar limitation contained in paragraph (1) shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the amount (if any) which would have been included in the applicable employee remuneration of the covered employee for the taxable year but for being disallowed under section 280G. (E) Coordination with excise tax on specified stock compensation The dollar limitation contained in paragraph (1) with respect to any covered employee shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the amount of any payment (with respect to such employee) of the tax imposed by section 4985 directly or indirectly by the expatriated corporation (as defined in such section) or by any member of the expanded affiliated group (as defined in such section) which includes such corporation. (F) Special rule for remuneration paid to beneficiaries, etc. Remuneration shall not fail to be applicable employee remuneration merely because it is includible in the income of, or paid to, a person other than the covered employee, including after the death of the covered employee.