(1) In subchapter II of this chapter and subsection (a)(8) of this section, the term “claim” or “debt” means any amount of funds or property that has been determined by an appropriate official of the Federal Government to be owed to the United States by a person, organization, or entity other than another Federal agency. A claim includes, without limitation— (A) funds owed on account of loans made, insured, or guaranteed by the Government, including any deficiency or any difference between the price obtained by the Government in the sale of a property and the amount owed to the Government on a mortgage on the property, (B) expenditures of nonappropriated funds, including actual and administrative costs related to shoplifting, theft detection, and theft prevention, (C) over-payments, including payments disallowed by audits performed by the Inspector General of the agency administering the program, (D) any amount the United States is authorized by statute to collect for the benefit of any person, (E) the unpaid share of any non-Federal partner in a program involving a Federal payment and a matching, or cost-sharing, payment by the non-Federal partner, (F) any fines or penalties assessed by an agency; and (G) other amounts of money or property owed to the Government.


31 USC § 3701(b)(1)

Scoping language

None identified, default scope is assumed to be the parent (subchapter I) of this section.
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