(b) The term “employer” means a person engaged in an industry affecting commerce who has fifteen or more employees for each working day in each of twenty or more calendar weeks in the current or preceding calendar year, and any agent of such a person, but such term does not include (1) the United States, a corporation wholly owned by the Government of the United States, an Indian tribe, or any department or agency of the District of Columbia subject by statute to procedures of the competitive service (as defined in section 2102 of title 5 ), or (2) a bona fide private membership club (other than a labor organization) which is exempt from taxation under section 501(c) of title 26 , except that during the first year after March 24, 1972 , persons having fewer than twenty-five employees (and their agents) shall not be considered employers.


42 USC § 2000e(b)

Scoping language

For the purposes of this subchapter
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