(1) The term “emergency” means— (A) a natural disaster; (B) a significant home energy supply shortage or disruption; (C) a significant increase in the cost of home energy, as determined by the Secretary; (D) a significant increase in home energy disconnections reported by a utility, a State regulatory agency, or another agency with necessary data; (E) a significant increase in participation in a public benefit program such as the supplemental nutrition assistance program carried out under the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 ( 7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), the national program to provide supplemental security income carried out under title XVI of the Social Security Act ( 42 U.S.C. 1381 et seq.), or the State temporary assistance for needy families program carried out under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act ( 42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), as determined by the head of the appropriate Federal agency; (F) a significant increase in unemployment, layoffs, or the number of households with an individual applying for unemployment benefits, as determined by the Secretary of Labor; or (G) an event meeting such criteria as the Secretary, in the discretion of the Secretary, may determine to be appropriate.