(4) Capital project .— The term “capital project” means a project for— (A) acquiring, constructing, supervising, or inspecting equipment or a facility for use in public transportation, expenses incidental to the acquisition or construction (including designing, engineering, location surveying, mapping, and acquiring rights-of-way), payments for the capital portions of rail trackage rights agreements, transit-related intelligent transportation systems, relocation assistance, acquiring replacement housing sites, and acquiring, constructing, relocating, and rehabilitating replacement housing; (B) rehabilitating a bus; (C) remanufacturing a bus; (D) overhauling rail rolling stock; (E) preventive maintenance; (F) leasing equipment or a facility for use in public transportation; (G) a joint development improvement that— (i) enhances economic development or incorporates private investment, such as commercial and residential development; (ii) (I) enhances the effectiveness of public transportation and is related physically or functionally to public transportation; or (II) establishes new or enhanced coordination between public transportation and other transportation; (iii) provides a fair share of revenue that will be used for public transportation; (iv) provides that if equipment to fuel privately owned zero-emission passenger vehicles is installed, the recipient of assistance under this chapter shall collect fees from users of the equipment in order to recover the costs of construction, maintenance, and operation of the equipment; (v) provides that a person making an agreement to occupy space in a facility constructed under this paragraph shall pay a fair share of the costs of the facility through rental payments and other means; and (vi) may include— (I) property acquisition; (II) demolition of existing structures; (III) site preparation; (IV) utilities; (V) building foundations; (VI) walkways; (VII) pedestrian and bicycle access to a public transportation facility; (VIII) construction, renovation, and improvement of intercity bus and intercity rail stations and terminals; (IX) renovation and improvement of historic transportation facilities; (X) open space; (XI) safety and security equipment and facilities (including lighting, surveillance, and related intelligent transportation system applications); (XII) facilities that incorporate community services such as daycare or health care; (XIII) a capital project for, and improving, equipment or a facility for an intermodal transfer facility or transportation mall; (XIV) construction of space for commercial uses; and (XV) technology to fuel a zero-emission vehicle; (H) the introduction of new technology, through innovative and improved products, into public transportation; (I) the provision of nonfixed route paratransit transportation services in accordance with section 223 of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ( 42 U.S.C. 12143 ), but only for grant recipients that are in compliance with applicable requirements of that Act, including both fixed route and demand responsive service, and only for amounts— (i) not to exceed 10 percent of such recipient’s annual formula apportionment under sections 5307 and 5311; or (ii) not to exceed 20 percent of such recipient’s annual formula apportionment under sections 5307 and 5311, if, consistent with guidance issued by the Secretary, the recipient demonstrates that the recipient meets at least 2 of the following requirements: (I) Provides an active fixed route travel training program that is available for riders with disabilities. (II) Provides that all fixed route and paratransit operators participate in a passenger safety, disability awareness, and sensitivity training class on at least a biennial basis. (III) Has memoranda of understanding in place with employers and the American Job Center to increase access to employment opportunities for people with disabilities. (J) establishing a debt service reserve, made up of deposits with a bondholder’s trustee, to ensure the timely payment of principal and interest on bonds issued by a grant recipient to finance an eligible project under this chapter; (K) mobility management— (i) consisting of short-range planning and management activities and projects for improving coordination among public transportation and other transportation service providers carried out by a recipient or subrecipient through an agreement entered into with a person, including a governmental entity, under this chapter (other than section 5309 ); but (ii) excluding operating public transportation services; (L) associated capital maintenance, including— (i) equipment, tires, tubes, and material, each costing at least .5 percent of the current fair market value of rolling stock comparable to the rolling stock for which the equipment, tires, tubes, and material are to be used; and (ii) reconstruction of equipment and material, each of which after reconstruction will have a fair market value of at least .5 percent of the current fair market value of rolling stock comparable to the rolling stock for which the equipment and material will be used; (M) associated transit improvements; or (N) technological changes or innovations to modify low or no emission vehicles (as defined in section 5339(c) ) or facilities.