independent expenditure

(17)The term “independent expenditure” means an expenditure by a person— (A)expressly advocating the election or defeat of a clearly identified candidate; and (B)that is not made in concert or cooperation with or at the request or suggestion of such candidate, the candidate’s authorized political committee, or their agents, or a political party committee or its agents.


52 USC § 30101(17)

Scoping language

When used in this Act
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