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End-of-life notice: American Legal Ethics Library

As of March 1, 2013, the Legal Information Institute is no longer maintaining the information in the American Legal Ethics Library. It is no longer possible for us to maintain it at a level of completeness and accuracy given its staffing needs. It is very possible that we will revive it at a future time. At this point, it is in need of a complete technological renovation and reworking of the "correspondent firm" model which successfully sustained it for many years.

Many people have contributed time and effort to the project over the years, and we would like to thank them. In particular, Roger Cramton and Peter Martin not only conceived ALEL but gave much of their own labor to it. We are also grateful to Brad Wendel for his editorial contributions, to Brian Toohey and all at Jones Day for their efforts, and to all of our correspondents and contributors. Thank you.

We regret any inconvenience.

Some portions of the collection may already be severely out of date, so please be cautious in your use of this material.

Ohio Rules of Professional Conduct

[This edition compiled by the LII editors reflects the rules effective February 1, 2007.]

Table of Contents

  • Preamble: A Lawyer’s Responsibilities; Scope
  • 1.0: Terminology

Client-Lawyer Relationship

  • 1.1: Competence
  • 1.2: Scope of Representation and Allocation of Authority Between Client and Lawyer
  • 1.3: Diligence
  • 1.4: Communication
  • 1.5: Fees and Expenses
  • 1.6: Confidentiality of Information
  • 1.7: Conflict of Interest: Current Clients
  • 1.8: Conflict of Interest: Current Clients: Specific Rules
  • 1.9: Duties to Former Clients
  • 1.10: Imputation of Conflicts of Interest: General Rule
  • 1.11: Special Conflicts of Interest for Former and Current Government Officers and Employees
  • 1.12: Former Judge, Arbitrator, Mediator, or Other Third-Party Neutral
  • 1.13: Organization as Client
  • 1.14: Client with Diminished Capacity
  • 1.15: Safekeeping Funds and Property
  • 1.16: Declining or Terminating Representation
  • 1.17: Sale of Law Practice
  • 1.18: Duties to Prospective Client


  • 2.1: Advisor
  • 2.2
  • [Reserved for future use; no corresponding ABA Model Rule]
  • 2.3: Evaluation for Use by Third Persons
  • 2.4: Lawyer Serving as Arbitrator, Mediator, or Third-Party Neutral


  • 3.1: Meritorious Claims and Contentions
  • 3.2: Expediting Litigation [Not Adopted; See Note]
  • 3.3: Candor toward the Tribunal
  • 3.4: Fairness to Opposing Party and Counsel
  • 3.5: Impartiality and Decorum of the Tribunal
  • 3.6: Trial Publicity
  • 3.7: Lawyer as Witness
  • 3.8: Special Responsibilities of a Prosecutor
  • 3.9: Advocate in Nonadjudicative Proceedings

Transactions with Persons Other Than Clients

  • 4.1: Truthfulness in Statements to Others
  • 4.2: Communication with Person Represented by Counsel
  • 4.3: Dealing with Unrepresented Person
  • 4.4: Respect for Rights of Third Persons

Law Firms and Associations

  • 5.1: Responsibilities of Partners, Managers, and Supervisory Lawyers
  • 5.2: Responsibilities of a Subordinate Lawyer
  • 5.3: Responsibilities Regarding Nonlawyer Assistants
  • 5.4: Professional Independence of a Lawyer
  • 5.5: Unauthorized Practice of Law; Multijurisdictional Practice of Law
  • 5.6: Restrictions on Right to Practice
  • 5.7: Responsibilities Regarding Law-Related Services

Public Service

  • 6.1: Voluntary Pro Bono Publico Service [Action Deferred; See Note]
  • 6.2: Accepting Appointments
  • 6.3: Membership in Legal Services Organization [Not Adopted; See Note]
  • 6.4: Law Reform Activities Affecting Client Interests [Not Adopted; See Note]
  • 6.5: Nonprofit and Court-Annexed Limited Legal Services Programs

Information About Legal Services

  • 7.1: Communications Concerning a Lawyer’s Services
  • 7.2: Advertising and Recommendation of Professional Employment
  • 7.3: Direct Contact with Prospective Clients
  • 7.4: Communication of Fields of Practice and Specialization
  • 7.5: Firm Names and Letterheads
  • 7.6: Political Contributions to Obtain Government Legal Engagements or Appointments by Judges [Not Adopted; See Note]

Maintaining the Integrity of the Profession

  • 8.1: Bar Admission and Disciplinary Matters
  • 8.2: Judicial Officials
  • 8.3: Reporting Professional Misconduct
  • 8.4: Misconduct
  • 8.5: Disciplinary Authority; Choice of Law
  • Form of Citation, Effective Date, and Application