Ala. Admin. Code r. 540-X-19-.02 - Definitions

The following definitions shall apply to the rules in this chapter:

(1) ACUTE PAIN. The normal, predicted, time-limited physiological response to nociceptive stimuli such as injury, trauma or illness.
(2) APPLICANT. A person who has submitted or who is in the process of submitting a registration under this article.
(3) BOARD. The Alabama Board of Medical Examiners.
(4) CHRONIC NON-MALIGNANT PAIN. Chronic pain that is not associated with active cancer and does not occur at the end of life.
(5) CHRONIC PAIN. A state in which pain persists beyond the usual course of an acute disease or healing of an injury (e.g., more than three months), and which may or may not be associated with an acute or chronic pathological process that causes continuous or intermittent pain over a period of months or years.
(6) CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE. A drug, substance, or immediate precursor identified, defined, or listed in §§ 20-2-20 to 20-2-32, Code of Ala. 1975, as amended, inclusive.
(7) DISPENSE. To provide, distribute or give to a patient for the patient's use any controlled substance, except prepackaged samples and/or starter packs, where such controlled substances are purchased by the physician or osteopath for resale to a patient whether or not a separate charge is made for the controlled substance. Prepackaged samples and starter packs shall mean those controlled substances which are packaged and labeled by the manufacturer in individual or small dosage units and which are intended to be distributed to patients for consumption or administration within a limited period of time. Controlled substances which are consumed by or which are administered to patients while being treated in the physician's office, clinic, hospital or other facility are not considered to be dispensed for the purposes of this rule. Dispensing occurs when a physician or osteopath provides, gives or distributes controlled substances for consumption or administration by patients off the premises of the clinic, hospital or other facility where the physician or osteopath practices, without respect to whether such controlled substances are purchased by an individual physician or osteopath, a professional association or professional corporation, a for-profit or not-for-profit corporation, a hospital, clinic or other medical facility. For purposes of this Chapter, dispensing shall not apply to the dispensing of controlled substances to patients treated in any hospital emergency room provided that (a) the patient has registered for treatment in the hospital emergency room and was treated by the emergency room physician on duty and (b) the controlled substances dispensed are subject to inventory, accounting and security controls and policies of the hospital pharmacy or the emergency room department. For purposes of this definition, a controlled substance is any drug or substance listed in Schedules II through IV of the Alabama Uniform Controlled Substance Act, Code of Ala. 1975, §§ 20-2-1, et seq.
(8) HOSPITAL. A health care institution licensed by the Alabama Department of Public Health and has the same definition as provided in Chapter 420-5-7 of the Alabama Administrative Code. The term shall include any outpatient facility or clinic that is separated from the hospital that is owned, operated, or controlled by the hospital.
(9) PAIN MANAGEMENT SERVICES. Those medical services that involve the prescription of controlled substances in order to treat chronic non-malignant pain by a physician who treats pain. For the purposes of this rule, the provision of pain management services shall mean:
(a) A physician practice which advertises or holds itself out to the public as a provider of pain management services; OR
(b) A physician practice which dispenses opioids; OR
(c) A physician practice in which any of the providers of pain management services are rated in the top three percent (3%) of practitioners who prescribe controlled substances in Alabama in Schedules II, UN, III, IIIN, and IV, determined by the Alabama Prescription Drug Monitoring Database on an annual basis.
(10) PHYSICIAN. A doctor of medicine or an osteopathic physician.
(11) REGISTRANT. Any physician issued a registration by the Board in its capacity as a certifying board pursuant to § 20-2-2, Code of Ala. 1975, as amended.
(12) UNRESTRICTED. When referring to a license to practice medicine, an Alabama Controlled Substances Certificate (ACSC) , or a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) registration, a license, certificate, or registration which is unencumbered by any restriction or condition or which is otherwise not subject to current discipline, and which has not been revoked, suspended, placed on probation, or voluntarily surrendered while under investigation within the past five (5) years.


Ala. Admin. Code r. 540-X-19-.02
New Rule: Filed November 14, 2013; effective December 29, 2013. New Rule: Filed November 14, 2013; effective December 29, 2013. Amended: Filed May 22, 2014; effective June 26, 2014. Amended by Alabama Administrative Monthly Volume XXXVII, Issue No. 09, June 28, 2019, eff. 8/3/2019.

Author: Alabama Board of Medical Examiners

Statutory Authority: Code of Ala. 1975, §§ 34-24-53; Act 2013-257.

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