RULE 001.01.89-001 - Arkansas State Highway Commission Utility Accommodation Policy
RULE 001.01.89-001. Arkansas State Highway Commission Utility Accommodation Policy
AHTD/Department - Shall mean the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department.
ADT - Average Daily Traffic - The average 24-hour volume, being the total volume during a stated period divided by the number of days in that period. Unless otherwise stated, the period is a year. The term is commonly abbreviated as ADT.
1. Low Volume Roadway - Under 2,000 ADT
2. High Volume Roadway - Over 2,000 ADT
Backfill - Replacement of suitable Material compacted as specified around and over a pipe, conduit, casing or gallery.
Backslope - The slope leading away from flowline of ditch.
Bedding - Organization of soil or other suitable material to support a pipe, conduit, casing or gallery.
Bury - Depth of top of pipe or facility below grade of roadway or ditch,
Cap - Rigid structural element surmounting a pipe, conduit, casing or gallery.
Carrier - Pipe directly enclosing a transmitted fluid (liquid or gas).
Casing - A larger pipe enclosing a carrier.
Clear Roadside Policy - The policy employed by a highway authority to increase safety, improve traffic operation and enhance the appearance of highways by designing, constructing, and maintaining highway roadsides as wide, flat, and rounded as practical and as free as practical from physical obstructions above the ground such as trees, drainage structures, massive sign supports, utility poles, and other ground-mounted obstructions. (also referred to as: clear recovery area and clear zone).
Coating - Material applied to or wrapped around a pipe.
Conduit or Duct - An enclosed tubular runway for protecting wires or cables.
Control of Access - The condition where the right of owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons to access, light, air, or view in connection with a highway is fully or partially controlled by public authority.
Full Control of Access - The authority to control access is exercised to give preference to through traffic by providing access connections with selected public roads only by prohibiting crossings at grade or direct private driveway connections.
Partial Control of Access - The authority to control access is exercised to give preference to through traffic to a degree that, in addition to access connections with selected public roads, there may be some crossings at grade and some private driveway connections.
Cover - Depth of top of pipe, conduit, casing or gallery below grade of roadway or ditch.
Cradle - Rigid structural element below and supporting a pipe.
Direct Burial - Installing a utility underground without encasement, by plowing.
Drain - Appurtenance to discharge liquid contaminants from casings.
Drainage Structure - Any structure providing drainage for the highway other than a bridge.
Dry Bore - Augered or drilled, the use of water may be used as a lubricant providing water pressure does not exceed 10 PSIG.
Emergency - An unforeseen occurrence or condition, that may cause harm to persons or property, calling for immediate action.
Encasement - Structural element surrounding a pipe.
Encroachment - Unauthorized use of highway right-of-way or easements as for signs, fences, buildings, utilities, parking, storage, etc.
Expressway - A divided arterial highway for through traffic with full or partial control of access and generally with grade separations at major intersections.
FHWA - Shall mean the Federal Highway Administration.
Flexible Pipe - A plastic, fiberglass, or metallic pipe having large ratio of diameter to wall thickness which can be deformed without undue stress.
Flowline of Ditch - The low point of a ditch that runoff water will follow.
Foreslope - The slope leading away from the pavement or shoulder of a highway.
Freeway - An expressway with full control of access.
Frontage Road - A local street or road auxiliary to and located on the side of an arterial highway for service to abutting property and adjacent areas and for control of access.
Gallery - An underpass for two or more utility lines.
Grade Separation - A crossing of two highways, or a highway and a railroad, at different levels.
Grounded - Connected to earth or to some extended conducting body which serves instead of the earth whether the connection is intentional or accidental.
Grout - A cement mortar or a slurry of fine sand or clay.
High Volume Roadway - Over 2,000 ADT
Highway, Street or Road - A general term denoting a public way for purposes of vehicular travel, including the entire area within the right of way.
Jacket - Encasement by concrete poured around a pipe.
Low Volume Roadway - Under 2,000 ADT
Manhole - An opening in an underground system which workmen or others may enter for the purpose of making installations, inspections, repairs, connections, and tests.
Median - The portion of a divided highway separating the traveled ways for traffic in opposite directions.
Normal - Crossing at a right angle.
Oblique - Crossing at an acute angle.
OSHA - Occupational Safety & Health Administration
Overfill - Backfill above a pipe.
Pavement Structure -The combination of subbase, base course, and surface course placed on a subgrade to support the traffic load and distribute it to the roadbed.
Pipe - A tubular product made as a production item for sale as such. Cylinders formed from plate in the course of the fabrication of auxiliary equipment are not pipe as defined here.
Plowing - Direct burial of utility lines by means of a "plow" type mechanism which breaks the ground, places the utility line and closes the break in the ground in a single operation,
Pressure - Relative internal pressure in psig (pounds per square inch gauge).
Right-of-Way - A general term denoting land, property, or interest therein, usually in a strip, acquired for or devoted to transportation purposes.
Rigid Pipe - Pipe designed for diametric deflection of less than 1%.
Roadside - A general term denoting the area adjoining the outer edge of the roadway. Extensive areas between the roadways of a divided highway may also be considered roadside.
Roadway - The portion of a highway, including shoulders, for vehicular use. A divided highway has two or more roadways.
Roadway Cross Section - That area of a highway facility contained between the outside edges of backslopes/foreslopes (Divided facilities, the term applies to each set of roadways).
Safety Rest Area - A roadside area with parking facilities separated from the roadway provided for motorists to stop and rest for short periods. It may include drinking water, toilets, tables and benches, telephones, information, and other facilities for travelers.
Scenic Overlook - A roadside area provided for motorists to stop their vehicles beyond the shoulder, primarily for viewing the scenery in safety.
Semi-Rigid Pipe - Pipe designed to tolerate from 1% to 3% diametric deflection,
Shoulder - The portion of the roadway contiguous with the traveled way for accommodation of stopped vehicles, for emergency use, and for lateral support of base and surface courses.
Sidefill - Backfill alongside a pipe.
Slab, Floating - Slab between but not contacting pipe or pavement.
Sleeve - Short casing through pier or abutment of highway structure.
SubBase - The layer or layers of specified or selected material of designated thickness placed on a subgrade to support a base course.
Subgrade - The top surface of a roadbed upon which the pavement structure and shoulders are constructed.
Toe-of-Slope - The bottom of a slope of a fill or cut area usually the lowest point of the slope.
Traffic Control Device - Any sign, signal, marking, or installation placed or erected under public authority for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
Traveled Way - The portion of the roadway for the movement of vehicles, exclusive of shoulders and auxiliary lanes.
Trenched - Installed in a narrow open excavation.
Untrenched - Installed without breaking ground or pavement surface, such as by jacking or boring.
Use and Occupancy agreement or Utility Permit - The document by which the highway authority regulates and/or gives approval of the use and occupancy of highway right-of-way by utility facilities or private lines.
Vent - Appurtenance to discharge gaseous contaminants from casing.
Walled - Partially encased by concrete poured alongside the pipe.
Wet Bore - A hole is sluiced through the roadway subgrade by jetting with water under high pressure.
PART I ACCOMMODATION OF UTILITIES ON HIGHWAY RIGHT OF WAY
To prescribe the policies and procedures for the accommodation of utility facilities, both public and private on the rights-of-way of all roadways and property within the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department System.
Under Arkansas Statutes, 27-67-218 and 27-67-304 public utilities may use highway right-of-way for the purpose of installing utility facilities, provided such use will not interfere with the use of the right-of-way for highway purposes. Utility owners must secure a permit and post a bond prior to performing any work. I nstallation of utility facilities on highway right-of-way must be done in accordance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Arkansas State Highway Commission.
To authorize the Utilities Section, Right of Way Division, Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department to, issue permits and enter into agreements to provide for the installation, adjustments, relocation, maintenance, or removal of utilities on highway right-of-way and property. Issue permits for mechanical trimming and for use of chemicals for vegetation control on highway rights-of-way and property. Cover existing and provide for future joint use and occupancy of highway and utility rights-of-way and/or properties by highway and utility facilities on, over, under or across the same lands and under coincidental property rights or interests in accordance with State Law and Federal rules and regulations.
This policy shall apply to the owners and operators of utility facilities including but not limited to electric power, water, sewer, gas, communications (telephone, telegraph, cable TV, and fiber optic or light guide cables), chemical, oil, petroleum products, steam, storm water not connected with highway drainage, irrigation and similar facilities.
This policy shall apply to all new installations, and to the servicing, repair, restoration, relocation, rehabilitation, or removal of any existing utility facilities where the roadway, roadside, right-of-way, or traffic will be affected by the work operations or by the new facilities occupancy.
105. PRIOR POLICY
The provisions of this Statement of Policy shall supersede and void all prior Commission or Administrative Orders and/or Statements of Highway Department Policy relating to the accommodation and/or adjustment of utilities on highway rights-of-way, included in Commission Minute Order No. 70-300 dated August 26, 1970 and Commission Order No, 77-80 dated February 23, 1977.
Exceptions to any provisions of this policy may be authorized under certain situations where it is shown that extreme hardship and/or unusual conditions provide justification, and where alternate measures can be prescribed in keeping with the intent of this policy.
Consideration of requests for exceptions on controlled access highways will be in accordance with American Association of State Highway and Transportation Official's (AASHTO) "A Policy On The Accommodation of Utilities Within Freeway Right-of-Way" (current issue),
Any request for exceptions to this policy shall be submitted to the Utilities Section for Departmental review and.approval.
The location and design of all utility installations within the highway rights-of-way shall conform as a minimum to the following:
201. LOCATION - CONTROLLED ACCESS HIGHWAYS
(Fully and Partially Controlled)
1. Longitudinal utility facilities are not permitted inside the limits of access control of a fully controlled access highway.
2. Longitudinal utility installations within the limits of access control on partially controlled access highways may be considered under exceptions (Part I -Page 2 - Section 106).
3. On highways with frontage roads, longitudinal utility installations may be located between the frontage roads and the right-of-way line. Utility lines shall not be placed or remain in the center median, or beneath through-traffic roadways, ramps or connecting roadways (including shoulders).
4. Location shall permit maintenance of the utility by access from frontage roads where provided, nearby or adjacent roads and streets, or trails along or near the highway right-of-way line, to the extent practicable, without access from the through traffic roadways or ramps.
5. Longitudinal installations shall be located on uniform alignment as near as practicable to the right-of-way line to provide space for future highway construction and for possible future utility installations.
6. Utility lines crossing the highway should be located at approximate right angles to the highway to the extent feasible and practicable. Reasonable latitude may be exercised with respect to the crossing angle of existing lines which are otherwise qualified to remain in place.
7. Single customer utility service line connections crossing controlled access highways shall not be permitted in areas where distribution or feeder line. crossings are available within a reasonable distance to serve consumers on either side of the highway; however, they may be permitted where utility service facilities are not available within a reasonable distance along the side of the highway where the service is needed.
8. The horizontal and vertical location of utility lines should conform with the clear roadside policy of the Department, consistent with the clearances applicable to all roadside obstacles. (AASHTO Roadside Design Guide - current issue).
9. In urban areas, when no other alternatives are available, consideration will be given for permitting longitudinal utility installations within the control of access when other conditions herein can be met, but in no case will a utility facility be permitted in the center median.
202. LOCATION - NON-CONTROLLED ACCESS HIGHWAYS
1. The integrity of the roadway cross section must be maintained; therefore no excavation or longitudinal installations will be permitted within this area. (See Figure 1)
2. Utility facilities shall be located to avoid or minimize the need for adjustment for future highway improvements and to permit access to the utility lines or maintenance with minimum interference to highway traffic.
3. Longitudinal installations shall be located on uniform alignment as near as practicable to the right-of-way line to provide a safe environment for traffic operation and preserve space for future highway improvements or other utility installations.
4. To the extent feasible and practicable, utility crossings of the highway should be installed on a line generally normal to the highway alignment.
5. The horizontal and vertical location of utilities lines should conform with the clear roadside policy of the Department, consistent with the clearances applicable to all roadside obstacles. When these conditions cannot be met and it is determined by the Highway Department to be in the best interest of the public, a utility facility may be permitted, using the "AASHTO Roadside Design Guide" (current issue). Full consideration shall be given to all measures reflecting sound engineering principles and economic factors necessary to preserve and protect the integrity of the highway and to avoid interference with the use of the right-of-way for highway purposes; even if the result is that the utility cannot be accommodated on the highway right-of-way.
1. The design and integrity of any utility installation will be the responsibility of the utility owner. This includes the measures to be taken to preserve the safe and free flow of traffic, the structural integrity of the roadway or highway structures, ease of highway maintenance, and the appearance of the highway. The location and manner of installation within the highway right-of-way must be reviewed and approved by the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department.
2. Such approvals shall be in accordance with AASHTO publications "A Guide for Accommodating Utilities within Highway Right of Way" and " A Policy on the Accommodation of Utilities Within Freeway Right of Way" (current issues) adopted by reference herein with the same force and effect as if recited at length.
3. Design of utility installations on, over, or under highway right-of-way or attached to highway structures should as .a minimum meet the following requirements:
(a) Electric power and communication facilities should conform with the currently applicable National Electrical Safety Code.
(b) Water lines should conform with the currently applicable specifications of the American Water Works Association,
(c) Pressure pipelines should conform with the currently applicable sections of the Standard Code of Pressure Piping of the American National Standards Institute, Title 49 CFR Parts 192, 193, 195 and applicable industry codes.
(d) Liquid petroleum pipelines should conform with applicable recommended practice of the American Petroleum Institute for pipeline crossings under railroads and highways.
(e) Any pipeline carrying hazardous materials shall conform to the rules and regulations of the United States Department of Transportation governing the transportation of such materials,
4. Above ground utility facilities should be of a design compatible with the visual quality of the specific highway section being traversed,
5. All utility installations within highway right-of-way or attached to highway structures should be of durable materials designed for long service life expectancy and relatively free from routine servicing and maintenance.
6. On new installations or adjustments of existing utility lines, provisions should be made for known or planned expansion of the utility facilities, particularly those located underground or attached to bridges. They should be planned so as to minimize hazards and interference with highway traffic when additional overhead or underground lines are installed at some future date.
7. Manholes shall be limited to those necessary for installation and maintenance of underground lines. In no case shall they be placed or permitted to remain in the pavement or shoulders of high volume roadways, Exceptions may be allowed at those locations on non-controlled access highways in urban areas where necessary for existing lines which may be permitted to remain in place under existing or proposed roadways. Manholes may remain in place or be installed under traffic lanes of low volume roadways in municipalities provided measures are taken to minimize such installations and to avoid their locations at intersections as much as possible.
8. Manholes vary as to size and shape depending on the type of utility they serve. To conserve space their dimensions, should be the minimum acceptable by good engineering and safety standards. Where soil conditions require, outside forms shall be used. In general the only equipment to be installed in manholes located on highway right-of-way is that which is essential to the normal operation of the utility, such as cable splices, relays, etc. Other equipment, pumps, etc. should be located outside the limits of the highway right-of-way. All manhole covers shall be flush with the ground and/or pavement surface, whichever is applicable. All manholes shall be designed with sufficient structural capacity for vehicular loading in accordance with AHTD current standard specifications,
9. Acquiring all necessary permits, including the accommodation of utilities on highway right-of-way and environmental controls, shall be the responsibility of the utility owner.
204. SCENIC ENHANCEMENT
1. The type and size of utility facilities, and the manner and extent to which they are permitted along or within highway right of way can materially alter the scenic quality, appearance, and view of highway roadsides and adjacent areas. For these reasons, additional controls are applicable in certain areas that have been acquired or set aside for their scenic quality. Such areas include scenic strips, overlooks, rest areas, recreational areas, the rights-of-way of highways adjacent to such areas, and the rights-of-way of sections of highways which pass through forests, parks and historic sites. Aerial installations will not be approved at such locations when there is a feasible and prudent alternative.
2. To protect trees and shrubbery on the highway right-of-way the Department shall specify the extent and methods of tree removal and trimming in making underground or overhead utility installations. Where justified by conditions, the Department may permit removal of trees or shrubbery of value to the highway, provided the Utility Owner replaces such removals as specified by the Department's District Engineer.
1. The. utility owner shall assume full liability of hazard to traffic created by their operation and shall maintain use of appropriate safety devices such as barricades, lights, signs and flagging operations needed to protect traffic and shall comply with the "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices" (MUTCD -current issue),
2. The utility owner shall be responsible for maintaining all existing highway, street and county road regulatory warning, guide and informational signs in an effective location at all times for the duration of any work while on highway rights-of-way and shall reinstall them at the correct location upon the completion of the work. Any sign damaged during the work shall be replaced at the utility owner's expense.
3. The utility owner shall indemnify and save harmless the State of Arkansas, the Arkansas State Highway Commission, the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department, its officials and employees, in all respects from any and all losses, damages or injury to persons or property resulting in any manner from any negligent act or omission in connection with work operations, occupancy, or use of State Highway Rights-of-Way or Property.
206. CONSTRUCTION & MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS
1. The utility owner must notify the Department's District Engineer three days prior to beginning work on highway right-of-way.
2. The utility owner shall take all means necessary to protect the traveling public and to avoid any hazard or interference to the safe and free movement of traffic on the highway. In some circumstances it may be necessary that the hours of work operation be established by the Department's District Engineer. (See Figures 16 and 17)
3. The utility owner shall provide adequate protection on or over any pavement, roadway surfacing, shoulders or highway structure before moving or operating any heavy or steel tracked or cleated equipment thereon. The method of protection must first be approved by the Department's District Engineer.
4. The utility owner shall not use or cause to be used, heavy equipment on soft shoulders or unsurfaced right-of-way areas during wet or bad weather in the initial construction or during normal servicing when such use would cause excessive damage to the shoulders or unprotected right-of-way areas.
5. The utility owner will not track mud onto the roadway surface under any circumstances. The utility owner shall take steps to eliminate dust along State Highways during the construction period. If, in the opinion of the Department's District Engineer or his representative, dust is excessive, the utility owner shall immediately take necessary action to resolve the problem.
6. Care shall be taken in utility installations to avoid disturbing existing highway drainage facilities.
7. Trenches for utility installations shall be backfilled with pervious material, and outlets shall be provided for entrapped water so as to avoid even temporary ponding or excess subbase saturation. Underdrains should be provided where necessary. No jetting or puddling shall be permitted under the roadway. (See Figures 8 and 11)
8. The highway right-of-way shall not be used as a material storage area or for maintenance of vehicles or parking of equipment and/or vehicles.
9. Blasting will not be permitted on highway right-of-way except with specific approval of the Department's District Engineer.
10. All non-metallic buried facilities placed on highway right-of-way either parallel to or crossing the roadway, shall have an approved identification wrap of detectable tape or wire in order that the facility can be located by metal locators or other suitable devices.
11. All highway rights-of-way in the State Highway System are being monumented with permanent orange triangular metal markers. Should any markers be damaged during a utility's work operation, the responsible party must notify the Department's District Engineer who will re-establish the monument and bill the Utility Owner for the cost. (See Figure 14)
12. When the removal of a section of the right-of-way or control of access fence has been approved by the Department, the fence must be reinstalled as soon as possible and to the satisfaction of the Department's District Engineer.
13. When new and/or relocated utility facilities are located or constructed along, on, or across a freeway the location and future servicing of such facilities shall comply with the AASHTO policy set forth in "A Policy on the Accommodation of Utilities Within Freeway Rights of Way" (current issue). This policy shall also be used as a guide for access routes and restrictions for servicing as appropriate on all highways with partial control of access.
14. Servicing of utilities which are installed solely for operating freeway facilities shall not be performed directly from through traffic lanes or ramps, and the utility shall exercise extreme caution in using the freeway as a route of access to the proximity of the utility service area to avoid any hazard or interference to the safe and free movement of traffic on the freeway during such utility access and operations.
15. The area disturbed by utility construction, or maintenance, shall be kept to a minimum. The utility owner shall restore all highway right-of-way to as good or better condition than before. Restoration methods shall conform to Highway Department standard specifications and/or special provisions in permits and use and occupancy agreements. Restoration work must be approved by the Department.s District Engineer.
16. Work on any buried utility line crossing under highway bridges shall not be started until all material and equipment are available for immediate use. When the work is started, it must be completed as soon as possible. Trenches under highway bridges shall not be left open when work is not being performed. Where work under a bridge involves disturbing existing rip rap, (specific approval required) the rip rap must be restored to equal or better condition and is subject to the approval of the Department's District and/or Bridge Engineer.
UNDERGROUND UTILITY INSTALLATIONS
Crossings may be ENCASED or UNCASED as determined by specific conditions of the Utility, the Department, or type of highway facility.
(a) Casing shall be designed to support the load of the highway and superimposed loads thereon and, as a minimum, shall equal the structural requirements for highway drainage facilities. Casings should be composed of materials of satisfactory durability under conditions to which they may be subjected.
(b) Casings shall have a minimum of three feet (36") cover to the top of the pipe below the parallel ditch lines or 3 1/2 feet (42") below the top of the highway subgrade, whichever gives the greater cover. Casing should extend the full width of the right-of-way but as a minimum must extend three feet beyond the flowline of parallel ditches, toe of the foreslope, or back of curbs as applicable for the highway section. (See Figure 9)
(a) Uncased carrier pipe shall provide sufficient strength to withstand the internal design pressure and the dead and live loads of the pavement structure and traffic. Additional protective measures should include:
(1) Greater depth of cover (minimum of four (4) feet).
(2) Increased wall thickness/higher strength steel.
(3) Adequate coating and wrapping.
(4) Radiograph testing of welds.
(5) Hydrostatic testing.
(6) Cathodic protection.
(7) Other measures as required by Title 49 CFR, Part 192, or Part 195.
(b) Length of additional -protection should extend the full width of the right-of-way but as a minimum must extend three (3) feet beyond the flowline of parallel ditches, toe of foreslope or back of the curb as applicable for the highway section. (See Figure 10)
3. ALLIED MECHANICAL PROTECTION
When existing underground utility facilities are permitted to remain in place, suitable bridging, concrete slabs, or other appropriate measures may be used for protection, when by reason of shallow bury the facility may be vulnerable to damage from highway construction or maintenance operations. (See Figures 12 & 13)
4. CROSSING METHODS
(a) The angle of crossing should be as near to normal to the highway alignment as practical.
(b) Crossings may be made by boring, jacking, tunneling, or open cut.
(c) Boring shall be by the Dry Bore method. Wet boring is not permitted.
(1) Dry bores should be augered progressively ahead of the leading edge of the advancing pipe as spoil is augered or mucked back through the pipe. Annular void and over-breaks should be minimized by having cut-terhead sized closely to pipe diameter and the pipe advanced with cutterhead in close proximity. Overbore should not exceed 5 percent of the pipe diameter. Water used to lubricate or cool bits must be done using a pressure gauge. Water pressure at the bore or auger head shall not exceed 10 psig in this operation.
(2) Wet Boring as defined for the purpose of this policy is the use of water under high pressure and pressure exceeding 10 psig is considered to be a wet bore.
(d) Bore pits should be placed outside the highway right-of-way when practical, but in no case shall be placed less than 30 feet from the outer edge of the shoulder. Bore pits shall be located and constructed in such a manner as to not interfere with footings of highway structures, safe roadside clearance or traffic operations. If necessary, shoring will be utilized,
(e) Crossings of the highway through drainage structures (box or pipe culverts) are not permitted.
5. OPEN CUT
(a) Cutting of paved highways is not permitted except under certain circumstances. Conditions where open cuts of the pavement may be permitted are:
(1) Utility adjustments made for a highway reconstruction project,
(2) Urban highways where longitudinal lines are located under the pavement.
(3) When it is determined that boring is not possible.
(b) Cutting of gravel highways may be permitted.
6. BEDDING AND BACKFILL (under existing or proposed roadway).
(a) Bedding shall be placed to a depth of 6" or half the diameter of the pipe whichever is the least.
(b) Backfill shall be placed in 4" layers, loose measurement, each compacted by mechanical tamping with controlled moisture. (See Figure 8)
(c) Bedding and backfill shall consist of fine granular material free of lumps, clods, stones or other debris.
(d) Consolidation of backfill by saturation or ponding with water shall not be permitted.
(e) Backfill for bore pits shall be placed in 8" layers, loose measurement, thoroughly compacted to match grade and density equal to or exceeding the surrounding undisturbed soil,
302. LONGITUDINAL TRENCHING AND BACKFILL
1. Utility locations parallel to the pavement should be placed at/or adjacent to the right-of-way line to minimize interference with highway operations. As a maximum lateral location shall be no more than five (5) feet from right-of-way line unless otherwise approved by the Utilities Section. The locations of all longitudinal installations shall be reviewed by the Highway Department to ensure that the proposed utility facilities will not interfere with existing or planned highway facilities or with highway maintenance and operation. (See Figure 2)
2. Trenches normally should have vertical sides where soil and depth conditions permit, and should have a maximum width of outside diameter of pipe plus two (2) feet. Adequate measures must be taken to prevent cave-ins in accordance with OSHA regulations.
3. Backfill of longitudinal trenching shall be placed in 8" layers, loose measurement, and compacted to densities equal to that of the surrounding soil. (See Figure 11)
4. Grade on all highway drainage ditches must be maintained and erosion control provided where necessary as specified by the Department's District Engineer. Aggregate, sod or surfacing shall be replaced or restored to its original or equivalent condition to the satisfaction of the District Engineer.
303. GAS AND LIQUID PETROLEUM PIPELINES
1. DEPTH OF COVER
Only distribution lines providing natural gas service will be permitted longitudinally within the highway right-of-way and shall have a minimum depth of cover of 30 inches. Longitudinal installations of transmission type facilities will not be permitted.
(a) Encased pipeline crossings shall have a minimum depth of cover of 3 6 inches below the ditches or 4 2 inches below the top of highway subgrade whichever gives the greater cover. (See Figure 9)
(b) Uncased pipeline^ crossings shall have a minimum depth of cover of 48 inches below the ditches or the top of highway subgrade whichever gives the greater cover, (See Figure 10)
One or more vents shall be provided for each casing or series of casings. For casings longer than 150 feet vents should be provided at both ends. On shorter casings a vent should be located at the higher end with a marker placed at the lower end. Vents shall be placed at the right-of-way line immediately above the pipeline, situated to not interfere with highway maintenance or be concealed by vegetation. Ownership of the lines shall be clearly shown on a sign attached to the vent pipe,
The utility company shall place a readily identifiable and suitable marker at each right-of-way line where it is crossed by any gas or liquid petroleum line except where marked by a vent. Ownership of lines shall be clearly shown on a sign attached to the marker. Markers are not required for service line crossings.
Above ground appurtenances such as meters, regulators, etc. should be located outside the highway right-of-way .
6. VALVE BOXES
Valve box covers must be flush with the ground and/or pavement surface as applicable.
304. WATER LINES
1. DEPTH OF COVER
Longitudinal water line installations on highway right-of-way shall have a minimum depth of cover of 3 0 inches.
Encasement is required on all water lines crossing the highway and shall have a minimum depth of cover of 3 6 inches below the ditches or 42 inches below the top of highway subgrade, whichever gives the greater cover. (See Figure 9)
A marker bearing the name of the utility owner shall be placed at each right-of-way line where it is crossed by a water line two inches or larger in diameter. Markers are not required for searvice line crossings. Markers for longitudinal lines must be located at the right-of-way line,
Customer meter settings should be located outside the highway right-of-way.
It is preferable that any appurtenances requiring a vault such as master meters, pressure reducers, etc. be located outside the highway right-of-way.
6. FIRE HYDRANTS
In rural areas fire hydrants and/or blow-off valves shall be placed at the right-of-way line, but in no case shall be placed in the Roadway Cross Section (See Figure 1). In urban areas fire hydrants should be placed at the right-of-way line but shall not be placed closer than five (5) feet to the curb. (See Figure 7)
7. VALVE BOXES
Valve box covers must be flush with the ground and/or pavement surface as applicable.
305. SANITARY SEWER LINES
1. DEPTH OF COVER
(a) Longitudinal sewer lines (gravity flow and force mains) installed on highway right-of-way shall have a minimum depth of cover of 30 inches.
(b) Gravity flow and force main sewer line crossings shall have a minimum depth of cover of 36 inches below the ditches or 42, inches below the top of highway subgrade, whichever gives the greater cover.
(a) Lines to be operated under pressure (force mains) and those composed of materials not conforming to material or depth of cover requirements herein shall be encased. (See Figure 9)
(b) Gravity flow lines that can be installed by open trench across proposed highway construction areas, or lines to be bored across existing highways will not require encasement if other conditions herein are met. (See Figure 10)
(a) Manholes on sewer line crossings preferably .should be placed outside the highway right-of-way. If this is not feasible, manholes may be permitted on highway right-of-way provided they are located at or near the right-of-way line and clear of the drainage ditch. (See Figures 4 & 5)
(b) In no case shall manholes be placed or permitted to remain in the pavement or shoulders of high volume roadways. Exceptions may be allowed at those locations on noncontrolled access highways in urban areas where necessary for existing lines which may be permitted to remain in place under existing or proposed roadways. Manholes may remain in place or be installed under traffic lanes of low volume roadways in municipalities provided measures are taken to minimize such installations and to avoid their locations at intersections as much as possible.
(c) All manhole covers shall be installed flush with the ground and/or pavement surface, whichever is applicable. Manholes shall have sufficient structural capacity to withstand vehicular loading. (AHTD Current Standards)
(d) Lift stations shall not be permitted on highway right-of-way.
306. UNDERGROUND ELECTRIC LINES
1. DEPTH OF COVER
(a) Longitudinal electric lines on highway right-of-way shall have a minimum cover of 30 inches.
(b) Electric lines crossing the highway shall have a minimum cover of 36 inches below the ditches or 42 inches below the top of highway subgrade, whichever gives the greater cover.
(a) Encasement shall be provided under center medians and from top of backslope to top of back-slope for cut sections or three (3) feet beyond the toe of slope for fill sections, or back of curb of all roadways including side streets. When crossing beneath the embankment of an overpass structure the encasement shall extend five (5) feet beyond the toe of slope or the top of backslope whichever is applicable. Encasement may be omitted under center medians where the width is appreciably greater than normal rural standards.
(b) Existing lines under roadways in urban areas and low-volume highways may be permitted to remain in place without encasement or extension of encasement if they are adequately protected either by extra depth or other means. (See Figures 12 & 13)
(a) A marker bearing the name of the utility owner shall be placed at each right-of-way line where it is crossed by an underground electric line.
(b) Markers for longitudinal lines must be located at the right-of-way line.
(a) It is preferable that electric vaults be located outside the highway right-of-way. When conditions warrant, electric vaults may be permitted within highway right-of-way.
(b) Straight line vaults are. the only type normally permitted within the right-of-way. Overall dimensions should be no larger than necessary to hold the equipment involved and for safety standards to be assured for maintenance personnel.
(c) The top of the vault shall have a minimum cover of four (4) feet below the ground surface. All manhole covers shall be installed flush with the ground and/or pavement surface, whichever is applicable. Manholes shall have sufficient structural capacity to withstand vehicular loading. (AHTD Current Standards) (See Figure 3)
Distance from the right-of-way line shall be no more than five (5) feet unless otherwise approved by the Utilities Section, On highways with frontage roads, such installation will be located between the frontage roads and the right-of-way line.
(a) Above ground appurtenances installed as part of an underground electric line shall be located at or near the right-of-way line.
(b) Electric pad mounted transformers shall not be placed on highway right-of-way.
307. UNDERGROUND COMMUNICATIONS LINES
1. DEPTH OF COVER
(a) Longitudinal communications lines shall have a minimum depth of cover of 3 0 inches.
(b) Communication lines crossing the highway shall have a minimum depth of cover of 36 inches below the ditches or 42 inches below the top of highway subgrade, whichever gives the greater cover.
(a) Lines crossing highways do not require encasement except where in the judgment of the Department such encasement is necessary for the protection of the highway facility. Consideration should be given to encasement or other suitable protection for any communication facilities (a) with less than minimum bury, (b) near footings of bridges or other highway structures, or (c) near other locations where there may be hazards.
(b) When the installation of the line is to be accomplished by boring a hole the same or about the same diameter as the line and pulling it through, encasement is not necessary. Where such conditions cannot be met, encasement should be provided. The annular void between the drilled hole and the line or casing should be filled with a satisfactory material to prevent settlement of any part of the highway facility over the line or casing.
(c) Encasement shall be provided under center medians and from top of backslope to top of backslope for cut sections, or three (3) feet beyond the toe of slope for fill sections, or back of curb of all roadways including side streets. When crossing beneath the embankment of an overpass structure the encasement shall extend five (5) feet beyond the toe of slope or the top of backslope, whichever is applicable. Encasement may be omitted under center medians where the width is appreciably greater than normal rural standards.
(d) Existing lines under roadways in urban areas and low-volume highways may be permitted to remain in place without encasement or extension of encasement if they are adequately protected either by extra depth or other means, (See Figures 12 & 13)
(a) A marker bearing the name of the utility owner shall be placed at each right-of-way line where it is crossed by an underground communication line.
(b) Markers for longitudinal lines must be located at the right-of-way line.
(a) Lines may be placed by plowing or open trench method and shall be located on uniform alignment as near as practical to the right-of-way line.
(b) Distance from the right-of-way line shall be no more than five (5) feet unless otherwise approved by the Utilities Section. On highways with frontage roads, such installation will be located between the frontage roads and the right-of-way line.
Above ground pedestals or other appurtenances installed as part of an underground communication line shall be located at or near the right-of-way line.
(a) Manholes shall be limited to those necessary for maintenance. In no case shall manholes be placed or permitted to remain in the pavement or shoulders of high volume roadways. Exceptions may be allowed at those locations on noncon-trolled access highways in urban areas where necessary for existing lines which may be permitted to remain in place under an existing or proposed roadway. Manholes may remain in place or be installed under traffic lanes of low volume roadways in municipalities, provided measures are taken to minimize such installations and to avoid their locations at intersections as much as possible. Manholes shall have sufficient structural capacity to withstand vehicular loading (AHTD Current Standards).
(b) To conserve space within the right-of-way for highway and other utility services manhole dimensions should be the minimum acceptable for good engineering and safety standards. Manhole covers shall be installed flush with the ground and/or pavement surface whichever is applicable. The top of the roof of the manhole should be four (4) feet below ground level. If this depth cannot be achieved, sufficient data must be submitted to the Utilities Section for review and special consideration. (See Figure 3)
OVERHEAD UTILITY INSTALLATIONS
401. POWER AND COMMUNICATIONS LINES
1. TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION
(a) Longitudinal lines on the right-of-way shall be limited to single pole construction. Joint use single pole construction is suggested and is required where practical.
(b) When an existing or proposed utility crossing is supported by "H" frames, towers, etc, the same type structures may be utilized for the crossing provided all other requirements herein are met.
2. VERTICAL CLEARANCE
The minimum vertical clearance for overhead communication and power line's above the highway shall not be less than 18 feet. Greater height may be required by the National Electric Safety Code or any other regulatory agencies having jurisdiction.
(a) In rural areas and at uncurbed sections in urban areas, poles supporting longitudinal lines shall be located at/or near the right-of-way line. (See Figure 2) At the option of the Department this distance may be varied at short breaks in the right-of-way. At curbed sections in urban areas, poles shall be located a minimum of five (5) feet behind the roadway curbs and preferably adjacent to the right-of-way line, (See Figure 6)
(b) Guy wires placed within the right-of-way shall be held to a minimum and should normally be in alignment with the pole line. Push braces and guy wires shall not be installed from the pole toward the roadway. When special conditions warrant, exceptions may be made by the Department when it is determined that such guying installations do not compromise either the safety of the traveling public or maintenance of the highway right-of-way,
(c) At crossings, no poles will be permitted in the center median of any highway. Poles may be placed more than one (1) foot inside the right-of-way when necessary to maintain maximum span distances provided the proposed locations would not violate the intent of this policy.
(d) As a general rule, overhead power and communication line crossings at bridges or grade separation structures should be avoided. If rerouting the line completely around the structure and approaches is not feasible, a minimum horizontal distance and/or minimum vertical clearance should be provided to insure adequate safety for construction and maintenance operations of the structure,
INSTALLATIONS ON HIGHWAY STRUCTURES
501. HIGHWAY STRUCTURES
1. The attachment of utility lines to bridges and overpass structures is discouraged, as they could materially affect structural characteristics, the safe operation of traffic, the efficiency of maintenance, and the appearance of the structure. Therefore, when it is feasible and reasonable to locate elsewhere, attachment to structures will not be allowed.
2. When other arrangements for utility lines to span an obstruction are not feasible, the Department may consider an attachment. Each attachment will be considered on an individual basis and permission to attach will not be considered as establishing a precedent for granting of subsequent requests. The following guides are established for attachment of utilities to structures:
(a) When a pipeline is encased, the casing shall be effectively opened or vented at each end to prevent possible build up of pressure and to detect leakage of gases or fluids,
(b) Shut-off valves, preferably automatic, shall be installed in lines at or near the ends of structures unless segments of the lines can be isolated by other sectionalizing devices within a reasonable distance.
(c) When a casing is not provided for a pipeline, additional protective measures shall be taken, such as employing a higher factor of safety in the design, construction and testing of the pipeline than would normally be required for cased construction.
(d) Communication and electric power lines shall be suitably insulated, grounded and preferably carried in protective conduit or pipe from the point of exit from the ground to re-entry. The cable should preferably be carried to a manhole located beyond the backwall of the structure,
(e) Carrier and casing pipe for other utilities should be Suitably insulated from electric power line attachments .
(f) All attachments will be made in such manner as not to interfere with the stream flow, highway traffic or routine maintenance.
(g) Electrical transmission lines (35 KV or higher) will not be permitted on any bridge or highway structure.
(h) The utility owner shall provide for the lineal expansion and contraction of its facility due to temperature differentials between the utility facility and the structure.
(i) The utility owner shall be required to provide for restoration; (i.e. insurance) or repair any portion of a bridge, structure, or other highway facility disturbed or damaged by utility installation, maintenance or use.
(j) Utility mountings shall be of a type, design, and material which will effectively muffle vibration noise.
(k) Any maintenance, servicing or repair of utility lines shall be the responsibility of the utility owner,
3. When a utility tunnel within a bridge structure is utilized, mutually hazardous transmittants, such as fuels and electric energy, must be isolated by compartments or separate encasements,
4. When a utility owner requests permission to attach a pipeline to a proposed bridge and the added load is sufficient to require an increase in the strength of the structure, or use of more costly materials or type of construction, the utility owner is required to pay for the increase in cost.
5. When a utility owner requests permission to attach a pipeline to an existing bridge, sufficient information must be furnished to allow a stress analysis to determine the effect of the added load on the structure. Other details of the proposed attachment as they affect safety and maintenance should also be presented. If the bridge structure is not of adequate strength to carry the increased weight or forces with safety, permission will not be granted,
6. The Department assumes no responsibility to or for the utility owner in any respect in connection with a bridge attachment. The Department may. cancel any permit for bridge or highway structure attachment for cause, allowing the utility owner a reasonable time to make arrangements to continue utility service. The utility owner shall assume all costs associated with such relocation and/or removal.
7. The utility owner may discontinue the use. of the highway structure at any time.
8. Any utility line so abandoned must be removed by the utility owner. If the owner fails to remove the abandoned utility facilities the Department may do so at the expense of the utility owner.
9. The Department must be notified prior to the abandonment and removal of the utility line.
IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE FACILITIES
1. Irrigation and drainage facilities installed across any highway right-of-way shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Departmental standards for highway culverts or bridges. All such crossings shall extend the full width of the right-of-way and have a minimum of 36" of cover below the flowline of the highway drainage, ditches.
2. Longitudinal ditches and canals which would closely parallel the highway shall not be permitted nor will any appurtenances be permitted within the clear recovery area which would constitute a hazard to traffic.
3. Extreme care shall be exercised in the location of levee roads or ditch rider roads where they intersect the highway to avoid establishing any hazards at points of critical sight distance.
701. APPLICATION FOR PERMITS
1. Under Arkansas Statutes utility owners are required to secure a permit for any construction, maintenance or related work on State Highway rights-of-way or property,
2. Utility permit applications must be submitted to the appropriate Highway District Engineer. The written application must include the following:
(a) Four sets of plans with crossing profile, when applicable.
(b) Type and description of the facility,
(c) Location with reference to highway stationing, or well known permanent landmarks (i.e. road or street intersection, bridge, etc.)
(d) The measured distance from the right-of-way line, the centerline and the edge of pavement of the highway,
(e) A traffic control plan.
3. All permits shall constitute a binding contract; therefore proxy applications, verbal or unsigned requests will not be valid.
702. DEPOSIT OR BOND
A deposit or bond to guarantee restoration of highway rights-of-way or property is required prior to the issuance of a permit.
703. ACCEPTANCE OF PERMIT
Work performed under a permit shall constitute full acceptance of all applicable requirements, laws, rules, regulations and the specific terms and provisions as set forth in or attached to the permit.
704. TRANSFER OF OWNERSHIP
If a change in ownership takes place, the new owners shall give written notice of such change to the Utilities Section as soon as possible.
705. RIGHT TO REVOKE
The Director of Highways is hereby authorized to revoke or annul a permit or agreement, subject to giving the utility owner reasonable notice, for the following:
(a) Failure to comply with the provisions of this policy.
(b) Failure to comply with the terms and conditions of the permit or agreement.
(c) If the utility occupancy becomes an interference to the use of the highway right-of-way for highway purposes.
706. EMERGENCY CONDITIONS
In the event of conditions where immediate action by the utility owner is necessary for the protection of persons or property, or to minimize damage to or loss of utility or highway property, the utility, at its own responsibility and risk, may make necessary repairs and shall notify the Highway District Engineer or Utilities Section of such work as soon as practicable.
707. UTILITY OWNERS RESPONSIBILITY
1. To notify the District Engineer three (3) days prior to beginning work.
2. To maintain a copy of the Utility Permit on the job site throughout the work period. Violation of this requirement may cause work stoppage.
3. To make sure that work is done in accordance with the approved permit and, unless prior approval is given by the Utilities Section, any installation which deviates from the approved permit is subject to removal from the highway right-of-way.
4. To notify the Department's District Engineer upon completion of the installation for a final inspection and release of the bond.
708. DEPARTMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY
1. It is the responsibility of the Utilities Section, Right of Way Division to make all arrangements, written or verbal, for the accommodation of utility facilities on state highway rights-of-way.
2. Verbal approvals will be made only for emergency or extreme hardship situations.
3. It is the responsibility of the Department's District Engineer to:
(a) Recommend permits for approval.
(b) Set bond amounts.
(c) Provide inspections as needed to assure that utility installations are done in accordance with approved permits.
(d) Make final inspection of the work area restoration and recommend release of the bond.
SECTION 8 MISCELLANEOUS
801. PRIVATE UTILITY FACILITIES
Permits will be issued to private owners for highway crossings only. Longitudinal installations within the highway right-of-way are not permitted. Any such request will be referred to the Department's Chief Counsel for a legal opinion as to whether the proposed private use of highway right-of-way is in violation of State Law. Any approved use of highway right-of-way by private owners must meet all applicable provisions of this policy.
802. HIGHWAY LIGHTING
Requests for permits to install or renovate highway lighting systems by electric utilities or municipalities shall be treated as special cases. Each request shall be referred to the Department's Traffic Services Division for review and recommendations as to acceptability of the design, adequacy of lighting, and safety factors. In addition the permit must meet the other applicable provisions of this policy.
803. CORRECTION OF HAZARDOUS INSTALLATIONS
When it becomes evident that an existing utility facility has become a hazard to the safe operation of a highway facility, the Department shall require the utility owner to correct the condition.
Various types of utilities not specifically covered herein shall be considered within the provisions of this policy in accordance with the nature of the utility. It shall be a general practice to consider all lines carrying caustic, flammable, or explosive materials under the provisions for high pressure gas and liquid fuel lines.
ROADWAY CROSS SECTION
TYPICAL RURAL SECTION
TYPICAL URBAN SECTION
TYPICAL SECTION OF REPAIR FOR UTILITY CUT ON PAVED HIGHWAYS
(1) CASING SHALL EXTEND A MINIMUM OF THREE FEET (3') BEYOND THE FLOW LINE OF PARALLEL DITCHES, TOE OF THE FORESLOPE, OR FACE OF CURB AS APPLICABLE FOR THE HIGHWAY SECTION.
(2). ENCASEMENT MAY BE OF METALLIC OR NONMETALLIC MATERIAL.
(3). THE STRENGTH OF THE ENCASEMENT MATERIAL SHALL EQUAL OR EXCEED STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS FOR HIGHWAY DRAINAGE CULVERTS.
(4). MARKER: A MARKER BEARING THE UTILITY OWNERS NAME SHALL BE PLACED AT EACH RIGHT OF WAY LINE WHERE CROSSED. (Not required for service lines).
(5). OWNERSHIP OF THE LINES SHALL BE SHOWN ON VENTS.
(6). CASING PIPE SHALL BE SEALED AT THE ENDS WITH A FLEXIBLE MATERIAL.
TYPICAL CROSSING (ENCASED)
1. GENERAL BACKFILL: CONSISTING OF GENERAL SPOILAGE FROM TRENCH EXCAVATION FREE OF LARGE ROCKS, CLUMPS, TRASH AND DEBRIS.
2. COMPACTION OF BACKFILL BY SATURATION OR PONDING WITH WATER SHALL NOT BE PERMITTED.
TYPICAL SECTION OF LONGITUDINAL TRENCH
EXAMPLES OF PROTECTION OF EXISTING PIPELINES
EXAMPLES OF ENCASEMENT AND ALLIED MECHANICAL PROTECTION
STANDARD RIGHT-OF-WAY MARKER
PART II REIMBURSEMENTS FOR UTILITY RELOCATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS
To prescribe the policies and procedures for reimbursement of eligible utility costs associated with the relocation and adjustment of utility facilities on state highway construction projects. To authorize the Utilities Section of the Right of Way Division of Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department to make all contractual arrangements with Utility Owners.
Federal Highway Program Manual Vol. 6, Chapter 6, Section 3, Sub-Section 1 (FHPM 6-6-3 -1), as amended and supplemented, adopted by reference herein with the same force and affect as if recited at length. Determination of reimbursement eligibility pursuant to applicable State Law, Statutory, and Case is generally interpreted by the Highway Department's Legal Counsel.
This applies to all utility owners with facilities affected by a highway construction project.
1. UTILITY (Public)
A privately, publicly, or cooperatively owned facility which directly or indirectly serves the general public. The term utility shall also mean the utility company inclusive of any wholly owned or controlled subsidiary.
2. UTILITY (Private)
A privately owned facility devoted solely to private use and not directly or indirectly serving the general public.
The adjustment of utility facilities required by a highway project. It shall also mean the construction of a functionally equivalent replacement facility necessary for continuing operation of the utility service, the project economy, or sequence of highway construction.
A utility owner having the right of occupancy in the existing location because of holding the fee, an easement, or other real property interest the damaging or taking of which is compensable in eminent domain, is considered eligible for reimbursement. The general criteria for determining eligibility for reimbursement for relocation costs shall be applied on the basis of the factual location of the existing utility facility in relation to existing highway right-of-way.
Existing utility facilities located on private property, street right-of-way of any incorporated Town or City, or County Road, dedicated urban development road, and/or private road rights-of-way which were not a part of or on the State Highway System at the time the facilities were installed, shall be considered eligible for reimbursement.
Utility facilities presently located on existing state highway right-of-way by permit or unwritten consent of the Highway Department shall be considered as not eligible for reimbursement.
106. PRELIMINARY ENGINEERING
Initial authorization on highway projects is for preliminary engineering by the utility owner's personnel (force account), the cost of which will be included in the subsequent relocation agreement.
When the utility is not adequately staffed with technical personnel or the present work load would be prohibitive to perform the necessary preliminary engineering, a consulting engineer may be employed by the utility owner. If any part or all of the consultant's fee is eligible for reimbursement, the Utility Owner must submit a written request to the Utilities Section requesting approval for the use of a Consultant.
Preliminary engineering costs are reimbursable to the utility owner only to the extent that the existing utility facilities required to be adjusted are eligible for reimbursement.
See Appendix I - "UTILITY ENGINEERING BY CONSULTANT".
107. RIGHT OF WAY
A utility facility located on private right-of-way or easement (outside the existing highway right-of-way) is considered to be eligible for reimbursement of the cost of replacement right-of-way. Copies of an. easement or affidavit verifying the utility owner's right of occupancy must be submitted with the request for reimbursement. There will be no charge to the Highway Department for that portion of the utility owner's existing right-of-way being transferred to the Department for highway purposes.
108. AGREEMENTS AND AUTHORIZATIONS
After notification by the Utilities Section of an impending highway project, the Utility Owner is obligated to make the necessary arrangements for planning and accomplishing the relocation work required by the highway construction. The Utility Owner is responsible for the design and integrity of the utility facilities to be installed within highway right-of-way, in accordance with PART 1 "Utility Accommodation Policy".
The Utility Owner's responsibilities include but are not limited to the following functions:
1. Determination of any and all conflicts the existing utility facilities have with the proposed highway construction.
2. Preparation of detailed cost estimates and plans providing for the adjustment or relocation work required to clear the highway construction. This information shall include sufficient detail to provide the Utilities Section a reasonable basis for analysis.
3. Determination of whether the work will be accomplished by force account or let to contract to the lowest qualified bidder.
a. FORCE ACCOUNT WORK
All work would be done by the Utility's own personnel.
b. CONTRACT WORK
A contract would be awarded to the lowest qualified bidder based on an appropriate solicitation.
In some instances a combination of force account and contract labor may be required. Work normally done for a Utility Owner by a contractor under an existing continuing contract may be acceptable, provided the established rates are reasonable.
See Appendix II - "PREPARATION OF COST ESTIMATES AND ADJUSTMENT PLANS".
After the Utilities Section has reviewed and approved the cost and plan information, work authorization will be given either by Permit or Relocation Agreement.
Issued for nonreimbursable adjustments.
2. AGREEMENT (Lump Sum)
May be used when the estimated reimbursable cost is $25,000.00 or less and is mutually acceptable to the Utility and the Department, except that utility work let to contract cannot be a lump sum agreement. Confirmation by audit of actual costs is not required on Lump Sum Agreements.
3. AGREEMENT (Actual Cost)
Estimated reimbursable costs exceeding $25,000.00 must be done on an actual cost basis, except that Lump Sum Agreements in excess of $25,000,00 may be approved when it is determined that this method of developing costs would be in the best interest of the public. Actual Cost Agreements are subject to audit by the Department and the Federal Highway Administration.
After issuance of work authorization by the Utilities Section, the utility owner is expected to begin the adjustment work within a reasonable time and to exercise due diligence to complete the work without delay or interference to the highway contractor's operation.
All utility work shall be done in accordance with the approved agreement, plans and specifications. Any deviation in the scope of the work must have written authorization from the Utilities Section prior to the implementation of the change in order for the cost to be eligible for reimbursement.
In cases where undue delays to the highway project might be caused, verbal authorization for such changes may be given by the Utilities Section subject to submission and approval of revised plans and estimate as needed to prepare a written authorization.
Utility Owners shall notify the designated District Engineer in writing not less than three (3) days prior to starting work in order that observation and inspection of the work may be provided and shall periodically inform him of the progress of the work. The Utility Owner shall notify the Department's Engineer on the date the work is completed so that a final inspection may be scheduled.
The inspection process is the responsibility of the Resident Engineer assigned to a project under the jurisdiction of the District Engineer.
It is essential that there be field verification of the reimbursable utility work done in order to certify the utility billing for payment.
1. ACTUAL COST AGREEMENT
In order to substantiate the final actual cost of the work performed, the Engineer is required to keep daily inspection records verifying materials, labor and major items of equipment used. The Engineer must also certify that the work is complete, acceptable and in accordance with the agreement.
2. LUMP SUM AGREEMENT
Daily inspection records are not required to verify the final actual cost on lump sum agreements; however, it is necessary that the Engineer certify the work is complete, acceptable and in accordance with the approved agreement.
It is necessary that the Engineer inspect any utility work being performed to verify its compliance with the approved permit.
Upon completion of the adjustments the Utility Owner shall provide, in accordance with the terms of the agreement, one final and complete billing of the actual costs incurred, or the agreed-to lump sum amount, at the earliest practicable date, but not later than six (6) months after the work is completed.
1. ACTUAL COST AGREEMENT
a. Written certification by the Utility Owner that the work has been done in accordance with the provisions of the approved agreement.
b. Three (3) copies of the final billing invoice complete with supporting detail.
c. One (1) set of the as-built plans.
If requested by the Utility Owner, intermediate progress payments of 90% of eligible billed costs may be made, provided the billed amount is $5,000.00 or more. Such payments shall be made at no more than monthly intervals and shall cover only work completed to date, but may include payments for materials on hand.
2. LUMP SUM AGREEMENT
a. Written certification by the Utility Owner that the work has been done in accordance with the provisions of the approved agreement.
b. Three (3) copies of the final billing invoice in the exact amount of the agreed lump sum.
c. One (1) set of as-built plans.
See Appendix III - "ACCOUNTING INSTRUCTIONS AND RECORD REQUIREMENTS."
UTILITY ENGINEERING BY CONSULTANT
Under certain circumstances when a utility is unable to perform the Engineering work because it is not adequately staffed with technical personnel or the present work load would be prohibitive to perform the Engineering services with its own forces, a Consulting Engineer may be employed by the utility.
If any part or all of the consultant's fee is eligible for reimbursement, the Utility Owner must submit a written request to the Utilities Section requesting approval for the use of a Consultant.
Consultant Engineering costs are reimbursable only to the extent that the existing facilities are determined to be eligible.
Consultant Engineering fees must be based on actual cost, with a fixed amount for profit, and having a fixed upper limit for the total fee.
Preliminary Phase Engineering fees may be handled by lump sum reimbursement when the work is clearly defined and the fee relatively small. However, a breakdown of the fee is required.
Construction Phase Engineering fees must be handled on the actual cost basis.
It is recommended that consultant fees for reimbursement be based on the hourly base rate for each job classification with current percentages for payroll expense and general overhead expense being applied to the total direct labor cost.
PRELIMINARY ENGINEERING PHASE PROCEDURES
1. The utility owner will be authorized to have the consultant proceed with preparing a sketch, preliminary engineering fee estimate, and contract with the utility owner. The Engineer's fee shall not be based on a percentage of the cost of relocation.
2. These documents plus the consulting engineer's certification will need to be submitted in six (6) copies for approval by the Utilities Section,
3. The Utilities Section will then prepare a Preliminary Engineering Agreement with the utility owner. The consultant will be required to begin and complete the Preliminary Engineering contractual obligations within a specified time.
4. Following proper execution of the Highway Department/ Utility Owner Preliminary Engineering Agreement, the Utilities Section will issue a Preliminary Engineering Work Order to the utility owner authorizing the Consultant to begin the Preliminary Engineering phase of the work encompassing the following.
a. Field surveys and investigations; including any and all work to secure the proper information to prepare plans, specifications, cost estimates and necessary easements.
b. Preparation of complete and detailed plans of the existing and proposed facilities with an itemized cost estimate for the relocation work.
c. Preparation of contract documents and specifications incident to the Advertisement of bids. One (1) copy of the specifications for form approval only are required in the initial submittal.
d. Submission of all necessary documents through the UtilitY Owner to the Utilities Section and to other agencies having jurisdiction when required; e.g. (Arkansas State Health Department).
After approval of the cost estimate and plans, a Highway/Utility Relocation Agreement will be prepared and submitted to the Utility Owner for execution.
After receiving the fully executed agreement, the Utilities Section will authorize the Utility Owner to proceed with advertising for bids and acquisition of necessary right-of-way.
After the bids have been opened, the Utility Owner will submit one copy of each bid received and the bid tabulation sheet to the Utilities Section with a request for the Department's concurrence in award of the contract to the lowest qualified bidder.
After concurrence, the Utility Owner shall submit five (5) copies of the executed contract and five (5) sets of the completed specifications to the Utilities Section.
After these documents have been received, the Utilities Section will issue a Contract Work Order to the Utility Owner.
This completes the Preliminary Engineering Phase.
NOTE: If the utility construction work is to be performed by the Utility Owner's personnel, the construction work order will be issued to the Utility Owner following execution of the Highway/Utility Relocation Agreement and the contract letting process dispensed with.
CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING PHASE PROCEDURES
Supervision and inspection by the Consultant during the construction work will be considered as a part of the Highway/Utility Relocation Agreement and reimbursed separately from the Preliminary Engineering Agreement; and will consist of but not be limited to the following:
1. Field staking for locations and grades of the relocated work.
2. Supervision and inspection of the construction work.
3. Preparation and calculation of periodic estimates (if requested).
4. Preparation and submission of change orders (if required).
5. Coordination with Department and Utility Owner representatives.
6. Preparation and submission of final billing and one (1) complete set of as-built plans.
PREPARATION OF COST ESTIMATES AND ADJUSTMENT PLANS TO SUPPORT HIGHWAY/UTILITY AGREEMENTS
When all or part of the cost of required adjustments of a Utility Owner's facilities is determined to be reimbursable, the Utilities Section shall be furnished the following:
1. Six (6) copies of a detailed cost estimate.
2. Six (6) sets of detailed adjustment plans.
3. A letter transmitting the cost estimate and plans which includes statements to indicate:
a. How many days, after being authorized, it will take to begin the work.
b. The number of working days required to complete the adjustment work.
c. That "no arbitrary percentages or amounts have been added to cover assumed costs."
MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR A COST ESTIMATE
The estimate of cost should be detailed in accordance with Utility Work Order Procedures and Policies of the applicable Federal, State, or Local regulatory body setting up the accounting system or the utility's own accounting procedure approved in advance by the Highway Department.
The elements or components of a cost estimate should comprise:
a. Preliminary Engineering costs
b. Utility Right-of-Way Cost
c. Cost of Replacement Facility, with Betterments
d. Cost of Removal of replaced facility
e. Cost of restoring removed material to usable condition (if applicable).
f. Credit for material returned to stores or salvageable material.
g. Credit for Plant Betterments (improvements in the utility facility not necessitated by the highway construction).
In the respective components, all items of labor, material, and equipment should be itemized to show quantity, type, unit cost, and extended cost, and be summarized by the various categories and recapitulated to produce the net estimated cost of the adjustment.
Preliminary Engineering costs, utility right-of-way costs (including clearing), and construction supervision and inspection costs are to be shown as separate items.
If overhead cost amounts are determined by using percentage factors, labor loadings, or some other similar method, an analysis of the basis for overhead cost computations setting forth the elements of overhead costs accumulated in the computations must be furnished.
Generally, the adjustment in the facilities of a utility will be accomplished by company forces (force account). When certain items of the adjustment are to be performed by contract forces, costs covering these items shall be shown separately in their respective categories.
The reimbursement eligibility ratio, if adjustment costs are less than 100% eligible for reimbursement, should be developed, explained, and then applied in the estimate to show the proportionate costs of the adjustment to be borne by the utility and the Highway Department.
MINIMUM INFORMATION NEEDED ON ADJUSTMENT PLANS
1. Be drawn to scale: (In this connection most utility owners trace or reproduce the applicable portions of the plans and profile prints furnished by the Highway Department and add the necessary detail and notations to portray accurately the proposed adjustment in the facilities as directly oriented with the highway construction plans).
2. Show the existing and proposed highway right-of-way and distances from the centerline of survey.
3. Show highway centerline stations at 100 foot intervals and station number designations at 500 foot intervals.
4. Show the existing and proposed facilities clearly referenced to the highway survey centerline stations.
5. Show quantity, size, class, and dimensions of all major items of material.
6. Show, in appropriate symbol and plan location, all major facilities existing, relocated and retired, and indicate reimbursement eligibility status of each existing facility.
7. Have legend indicating the symbol used for the various types of facilities, work to be done, and reimbursable status.
8. Show proposed Plant Betterments to be made for the convenience of the utility either by word or symbol at the appropriate locations.
9. Show control of access lines as well as right-of-way lines on fully controlled access facility projects.
10. Show a "North Arrow" to indicate true cardinal directions, and show in a title block the utility's name, the highway project designation by Job No., FAP No., and Job Name as indicated on the Title Sheet of the Highway Project Plans.
11. Show, where facilities are jointly used such as power and telephone poles, the ownership of the structures as well as the "joint user."
12. Show, where an adjustment is to be made in a pipeline crossing, a profile of the crossing and, in the case of power or telephone line crossings, the minimum clearance after adjustment above the road surface.
13. Show by narrative description the work to be done; i.e. Replace 35'/5 with 45'/4 pole, or remove 35'/S pole; install 45'/5 pole; remove 75 feet 4W No. 2 BCU Sec. (Remove 75 feet of 4 Wire No, 2 Bare Copper Secondary) Install 1 span (270') 3W No, 6 BHDCU Sec. (Install 1 span 270 feet of 3 wire No. 6 Bare Harddrawn Copper Secondary;) Lower 200 feet of 24" O.D. carrier pipe and install 160 feet of 30" O.D. split steel casing, etc.
14. Traffic control plan as appropriate.
When the cost of a required adjustment is to be solely at the Utility Owner's expense (non-reimbursable), the Utility Owner shall submit five (5) sets of the detailed adjustment plans. Also advise the time required to begin and complete the adjustment work.
BILLING PROCEDURES ACCOUNTING INSTRUCTIONS AND RECORD REQUIREMENTS FOR UTILITY ADJUSTMENT REIMBURSEMENT
A Utility must use an accounting system prescribed by the Federal or State Regulatory Body under which it operates, or in cases where a Utility does not use a prescribed accounting system, it must use its established system of accumulating specific work order costs or establish a system of accounts which will provide for accumulating direct and related costs of the utility adjustment. In any case, the system of accounts used must be in form and detail that will identify each claimed item of cost with the particular project. Any request for full or partial reimbursement of costs must be completely documented and clearly identified with the specific highway project.
To facilitate the formulation of rules and regulations for agreement and payment of the costs incurred for adjusting the facilities of all privately, publicly, or co-operatively owned utilities, the provisions of the Federal Agency directives must be observed. These directives require that the preliminary estimate of cost and the actual final bill be prepared in conformity with the same accounting procedure and in each instance use comparable unit quantities and prices by cost categories such as labor, equipment, overheads, materials used and recovered, etc.
The following is a substantial but not all inclusive outline of the basic bookkeeping and related records required for utility relocations cost accounting.
The primary purpose of the records will be to support and document the Utility's Invoice and to assure that it is in accord with the executed and approved Highway - Utility Agreement between the State and the Utility; and that the bill includes only those costs actually incurred as direct or related costs in the relocation and/or removal of the Utility's facilities because of a specific highway construction project.
It will be necessary for the Utility and the Highway Department's auditor to be completely familiar with the terms, conditions, and limitations contained herein and with the contents of the specific agreement. This is necessary in order for the auditor to properly verify that all charges or reimbursement claimed are eligible for State and/or Federal reimbursement; and in order that the Utility be properly informed of State and Federal requirements.
CONTROLLING-DATES (of Authorization to Incur Reimbursable Costs)
1. Date of the State's written request to the Utility to begin preparation of its preliminary plans and estimate of cost.
2. Date of written notice from the State to the Utility to begin the adjustment work.
Preliminary engineering costs incurred prior to the date established by Step 1 above will not be reimbursed. Construction costs incurred prior to the date established in Step 2 above will not be reimbursed.
All cost records of the Utility (such as those listed below) must be identified in the Utility's records with the specific utility relocation job.
Material Issue Tickets
Material Returned to Stores Tickets
Equipment Usage Records
Expense Accounts, signed by employee and approving superior
Payroll Records, including time books, rate cards, etc.
Any other written records of the Utility which identify the
costs incurred with the specific Highway construction project
e.g.; Freight tickets, rental equipment invoices, etc.
Utilities shall maintain all books, documents, papers, accounting records and other evidence pertaining to costs incurred and make such materials available at their respective offices at all reasonable times during the contract period and for three (3) years from the date of final payment under the contract for inspection by the State, Federal Agency or any authorized representatives of the Federal Government and copies thereof shall be furnished if requested.
SALARIES AND WAGES
Direct Labor Charges
When supported by adequate records. salaries and wages billed at actual rates or at average rates for productive labor hours; . retroactive pay adjustments; and expenses paid by a Utility to individuals during the period of time they are directly or incidentally engaged in the utility relocations are reimbursable. Rates charged must be those paid employees at the Utility in its normal operations.
Indirect Labor Charges
Costs to the Utility for vacation holidays, sick leave, company-sponsored benefits and similar costs incident to labor employment will be reimbursed when supported by adequate records.
Such indirect labor costs should be distributed as a percentage of the direct labor charged to the project. The proper percentage to be applied to direct labor charges for indirect labor costs can be established by dividing the actual expense to the Utility for ordinary labor fringe benefits during the twelve (12) month period in which the relocation work is performed by the total productive payroll expense of the utility during the period.
Indirect labor charges normally include items of expense or costs which vary in direct ratio to the amount of the labor charges, Based on experience of the Utility Company, the following items are usually included in the calculation of a variable percentage figure which is applied to the total labor cost of the project in order to arrive at a cost item to be charged to capitalized or reimbursable projects, or as an expense item currently charged to operations.
Sick Leave Reserve
Workmen's compensation Insurance
Other expense normally attributable to payrolls
Direct charges to the job for non-productive time such as vacation, sick leave, etc., will not be reimbursed. Example: A utility charges vacation time to the highway project on the basis that the employee would have engaged in this work had he been on the job. Although this may be the regular policy of the Utility, this method is not acceptable and such charges will not be reimbursed.
Consultant and Contract Technical or Professional Services
Where a Utility is not adequately staffed to perform the relocation, the amounts paid to engineers, architects, and others for required technical services by the Utilities Section will be reimbursed. Approval will not be given to fees for such technical services which are determined on the basis of a percentage of the total actual or estimated cost of the relocation.
Where a Utility does not have the necessary equipment available to perform the required work, reimbursement will be limited to the amount of rental paid to the lowest bidder following appropriate solicitations for quotations. In the event of an emergency, such as breakdown of Utility's own equipment, reimbursement will be allowed for rental of equipment at the lowest rates available. Existing continuing contracts for rental of transportation and heavy equipment, which the Utility determines to be the most advantageous in its normal operations, shall be considered to comply with these requirements. Arbitrary or otherwise unsupported use charges, whether or not the equipment is owned by the Utility, will not be reimbursed.
Where a utility uses its own equipment on a reimbursable relocations project a rental rate must be developed for each specific class of equipment (auto, pickup, trucks, backhoes, dozers, etc.) Costs used in developing the rental rate may be depreciation, fuel, oil, repairs and tires, insurance, licenses and taxes. The rental rate for each class of equipment can be established by dividing the total operating costs for each class of equipment during the twelve (12) month period in which the relocation work was performed by the actual miles or hours used during the same twelve (12) month period. The utility may also develop the rate on a semi-annual, quarterly or monthly basis,
When the Utility does not have adequate records to support the cost distribution rates charged for its equipment, a rate must be negotiated for each type of equipment used for which payment will be requested.. Such rates must be negotiated and approved by the Highway Department prior to the work being done in order to be reimbursable.
In lieu of a negotiated rate for its equipment (when the Utility does not have adequate records to support a cost distribution rate), the fuel, lubricants, minor repairs, and other direct costs of operation incurred while the equipment is used on the job may be reimbursed; however, the Utility must maintain a record of the expenditures identifying them with the piece of equipment and identifying its use with the highway project. An acceptable basis for distribution of any operating expenses that are allocatable to the cost of the relocation must be determined and approved by the Department prior to using the item of equipment. Thus, an approved basis would be required to claim reimbursement for depreciation, tires, batteries, license, insurance, painting, and like expenses that are applicable to more than one job or operating function, or to a period of use longer than the duration of the highway utility relocation project.
Materials installed and supplies used shall be billed at inventory prices when furnished from the Utility's stocks, and at actual cost to the Utility when the materials and supplies are not available from the Utility stocks and must be purchased for the relocation. Major material used in construction but not shown in the initial estimate, or supplemental change authorization, or by letter approval of the Utilities Section will not be reimbursed.
Materials recovered from temporary use in connection with a highway project, and which are in suitable condition for reuse by the Utility, shall be credited to the cost of the project at stock-prices charged to the job, less ten per cent (10%) for loss in service life, if claimed by the Utility. The State shall have the right to inspect all recovered materials not classified reusable by the Utility. (See last paragraph in this section)
Materials recovered in suitable condition for reuse by the Utility in connection with construction or retirement of existing facilities shall be credited to the cost of the project at current stock prices. When the Utility returns recovered material to its Materials and Supply Account at original cost, or at a percentage of current price new, as a consistent practice in its normal operations, the work order shall receive credit accordingly. The foregoing shall not preclude any additional credits when such credits are required by law or regulations.
Items of materials recovered, both from the existing facility and from temporary use, in condition or lengths unsuited for acceptance for reuse by the Utility, and which are determined to have a sale value, shall be disposed of as follows:
1. Sold following an appropriate solicitation for bids to the highest bidder.
2. When the Utility regularly practices a system of disposal by sale (which it has determined to be the most advantageous in its normal operations), credit shall be given at the going prices for such used scrap materials as are supported by the records of the Utility.
The State's pre-designated engineer on the project, or other authorized State Highway employee, shall have the right to inspect recovered materials classified non-reusable prior to disposal by sale or junked as scrap without sale or use value. This requirements will be satisfied by the Utility giving written notice to the State of the time and place the materials will be available for inspection. This notice is the responsibility of the Utility, and it will be held accountable for the full value of materials disposed of without such notice.
The costs of supervision, labor and expenses incurred in the operation and maintenance of storerooms and material yards, including storage, handling and distribution of materials and supplies are reimbursable. A rate or other equitable method of distribution of these costs is acceptable as long as it is representative of actual cost to the utility. In no event will a combination of a billing of actual and direct costs and a rate representative of actual and direct costs on a highway project be reimbursed. Expenses which may be used in developing a rate for stores expense are storeroom labor, freight and express, storeroom office expense, salaries of storeroom office and stock clerks, purchasing department salaries and expenses, storeroom maintenance expense, storeroom material handling equipment expense and other expenses connected with material handling. The rate can be established by dividing the total stores expense for a twelve (12) month period in which the relocation work was performed by the total amount of stores issued in the same twelve (12) month period.
Construction overhead costs are those overhead costs which would not have been incurred if construction had not been undertaken.
In order that each job or unit shall bear its equitable proportion of Overhead Construction costs, all such costs not chargeable directly to construction accounts, (such as general engineering and supervision, general office salaries and expenses, construction engineering and supervision by others than the accounting Utility, legal expenses, insurance, pensions, taxes, and the like) shall be allocated on the basis of the amount of such overheads reasonably applicable thereto. These instructions shall not be interpreted as permitting the addition to Utility accounts of arbitrary percentages or amounts to cover assumed overhead costs. but require the assignment to particular jobs of actual and reasonable overhead costs.
The following is an example of some of the overhead expenses which would have occurred whether or not the relocation work was accomplished and will not be allowed as expenses for relocation cost reimbursement.
Salaries and Fees of Board of Directors
Federal and State Income Taxes
Fines and Penalties
Home Office Operations (except direct relationship to relocation costs)
Interest during Construction
Insurance not related Directly to Project
Life Insurance Premiums with Company as Beneficiary
(NOT employee fringe benefit)
Specific Legal and Accounting unless it is for the Project
Losses on Sale of Capital Assets
Losses from Other Projects
Special Bonuses not Part of General Conditions of Employment
Stock and Stockholders Expense
Special Management Studies
Taxes and Expenses in Connection with Financing
Records kept supporting the entries for overhead costs shall show the total amount, rate, allocations basis of each additive, and shall be subject to audit by representatives of the State or the Federal Agency.
Premiums paid to an insurance company for Workmen's Compensation, Public Liability and Property Damage Insurance will be reimbursed where, and to the extent it is determined that the amounts of the premiums are the products of the proper rates applied to the amounts of paid salaries and wages, exclusive of vacation pay or allowances, and are acceptable to the State and Federal Agency.
Contracts may be entered into by the Utility for facility relocation when a clear showing is made that it is to the best interest of the State, or that the Utility is not adequately staffed or equipped to perform the work with its own forces. Such contracts must have the prior approval of the Utilities Section of the Highway Department before they are executed.
If reimbursement is to be requested, any contract to perform- work in connection with the Utility relocation should be awarded to the lowest qualified bidder who submitted a proposal in conformity with the requirements and specifications as set forth in an appropriate solicitation for bids. (For the permissible exception, see, last paragraph under Contracts).
Subject to prior approval by the State Highway Department, existing written continuing contracts may be used for relocation work where it is demonstrated that such work is regularly performed for the Utility under such contracts at reasonable costs. This may include existing continuing contracts with another Utility. Where such other Utility has an ownership interest in the facility to be relocated, the inter company profit will not be reimbursed.
When work is to be done by both company forces 'and by contract, the attachments to the Utility Agreement should specifically describe the portion of the work to be done by each. For example: Where right of way clearing is to be performed by contract forces, the name of the contractor and the items of work covered by the contract should be clearly set forth in the Utility Agreement or attachments thereto.
Where the Utility proposes to contract outside the foregoing requirements for work of relatively minor cost or nature, the Utility will be reimbursed provided it is demonstrated that such requirements are impractical and the Utility's action did not result in an expenditure in excess of that justified by the prevailing conditions.
Rights of Way (Replacement)
When existing utility facilities are located outside existing publicly owned lands or highway right-of-way the Utility Owner may be reimbursed the cost of acquistion of replacement right-of-way subsequent to authorization by the Highway Department.
To properly document its records as to justification for the amounts paid for rights-of-way, the Utility shall determine and record its valuations of the rights-of-way to be acquired prior to negotiations therefor. The valuation may consist of appraisals made by utility personnel or by independent appraisers.
Except when the cost of right-of-way is $500.00 or less, adequate and formal appraisals should be made and records kept as justification for rights-of-way payment. The format for such appraisal reports is not prescribed, but should include:
1. A complete job caption
2. The property owner's name
3. The location of the property
4. The area or linear measurement to be acquired
5. The purpose of the appraisal
6. A complete narrative description of the whole property
7. A statement as to the valuation approach and the calculations used in developing the value of the taking
8. A statement of conclusion and justification therefor
9. The appraiser's certification to the effect that:
a. He inspected the property
b. He has no personal interest in the property
c. He has given consideration to the value of the land, damages, and benefits, if any, to the remaining lands
d. Non-compensable allowances are not included in the valuation
e. State his opinion of the value of the real property interest taken and damages, if any, to the remainder
10. Sign and date the report.
Plant Betterments (Specific Items)
Any increase in the functional capacity of, or service improvements in, the replacement facility over the existing facility, either through the use of materials, techniques, or methods, will require a betterment credit, except that no betterment credit is required for additions or improvements which are:
a. Required by the highway project,
b. Replacement devices or materials that are of equivalent standards although not identical,
c. Replacement of devices or materials no longer regularly manufactured with next highest grade or size,
d. Required by law under governmental and appropriate regulatory commission code, or
e. Required by current design practices regularly followed by the company in its own work, and there is a direct benefit to the highway project.
utility Change Order (Agreement Modification)
When a 'substantial" change from the work authorized in the approved Agreement is required, reimbursement shall be limited to the costs incurred for work described in a Utility Change Order that has written authorization from the Utilities Section. When there is any doubt as to the necessity for obtaining formal and prior approval of the proposed change, the Utilities Section of the Department should be contacted for clarification before such work is performed.
(1). UNCASED PIPELINE CROSSINGS SHALL HAVE A MINIMUM DEPTH OF COVER OF 48" BELOW THE DITCHES OR THE PAVEMENT SURFACE, WHICHEVER GIVES THE GREATER COVER.
(2). UNCASED PIPELINE W/ADDITIONAL PROTECTION SHALL EXTEND A MINIMUM OF THREE FEET (3') BEYOND THE FLOWLINE OF PARALLEL DITCHES, TOE OF FORESLOPE, OR FACE OF CURBS AS APPLICABLE FOR THE HIGHWAY SECTION.
(3). MARKER: A MARKER BEARING THE UTILITY OWNERS NAME SHALL BE PLACED AT EACH RIGHT OF WAY LINE WHERE CROSSED (Not required for service lines).
TYPICAL CROSSING (UNCASED)(9/22/1989)
The following state regulations pages link to this page.