Current through Register 2022 Notice Reg. No. 16, April 25, 2022
On all school buses, except Type 2 school buses
manufactured prior to July 1, 1970, emergency exits shall meet the following
(a) Opening. Emergency
exits shall be capable of being opened outward from both the interior and
exterior of the bus except as exempt in 1293(d)(1)(C). The emergency exit shall
be equipped with a positive latching device to keep it closed, but of a type
that can be readily opened for authorized use.
(b) Latch Obstruction. No obstruction shall
be placed over the handle of an emergency exit.
Identification and Operation of Controls.
All interior controls for emergency exits shall be readily identifiable and
operable by passengers; control of such exits from the driver's seat is not
(1) Buses manufactured on or after
April 1, 1977, shall have operating instructions describing the motions
necessary to unlatch and open the emergency exit, in letters at least 3/8 in.
high, of a color that contrasts with its background, and located within 6 in.
of the door handle on the interior.
(2) A sign reading "Emergency Exit" in
letters at least 2 in. high shall be on the interior and exterior of the bus at
each emergency exit. Interior letters shall be in a color that contrasts with
the background. Exterior letters shall be black, at or above eye
(d) Door Glass.
All doors shall be equipped with approved safety glazing material.
(e) Side Doors. Single-paneled side emergency
doors, if hinged, shall be hinged on the forward edge.
(f) Attachments. No part of a seat shall be a
part of or attached to an emergency door.
(g) Aisle to Side Floor-Level Door. The aisle
leading between the seats to a side floor-level emergency door shall not be
obstructed by any post, wheelhousing, or other obstacle. For purposes of this
subsection, a seat is not an obstacle if applicable provisions of FMVSS 217 are
(h) Door Guard. Each emergency
door opening may be provided with a securely attached safety guard installed
completely across the interior of the door opening. On at least one end, the
guard shall be equipped with an easily detachable quick release that is
releasable under tension and secured at points on each side of the door frame
not more than 6 in. above or below the horizontal centerline of the door. The
guard shall not interfere with the opening of the door.
(i) Additional Emergency Exits. Additional
emergency exits may be installed, but all shall conform with the minimum
specifications in the applicable FMVSS.
(j) Emergency Exits in Wheelchair School
Buses. School buses used to transport physically handicapped pupils in
wheelchairs shall conform to the provisions of this section as well as the
provisions of Section1293 of this subchapter.