Cal. Code Regs. Tit. 17, § 93115.4 - ATCM for Stationary CI Engines - Definitions

Current through Register 2021 Notice Reg. No. 52, December 24, 2021

(a) For purposes of this ATCM, the following definitions apply:
(1) "Agricultural Operations" means the growing and harvesting of crops or the raising of fowl or animals for the primary purpose of making a profit, providing a livelihood, or conducting agricultural research or instruction by an educational institution. Agricultural operations do not include activities involving the processing or distribution of crops or fowl.
(2) "Agricultural Wind Machine" means a stationary CI engine-powered fan used exclusively in agricultural operations to provide protection to crops during cold weather by mixing warmer atmospheric air with the colder air surrounding a crop.
(3) "Air Pollution Control Officer (APCO)" means the person appointed pursuant to section 40750 of the Health and Safety Code, or his or her designated representative.
(4) "Alternative Fuel" means natural gas, propane, ethanol, or methanol.
(5) "Alternative Diesel Fuel" means any fuel used in a CI engine that is not commonly or commercially known, sold, or represented by the supplier as diesel fuel No. 1-D or No. 2-D, pursuant to the specifications in ASTM D 975-81, "Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils," as modified in May 1982, which is incorporated herein by reference, or an alternative fuel, and does not require engine or fuel system modifications for the engine to operate, although minor modifications (e.g., recalibration of the engine fuel control) may enhance performance. Examples of alternative diesel fuels include, but are not limited to, biodiesel and biodiesel blends that do not meet the definition of CARB diesel fuel; Fischer-Tropsch fuels; emulsions of water in diesel fuel; and fuels with a fuel additive, unless:
(A) the additive is supplied to the engine fuel by an on-board dosing mechanism, or
(B) the additive is directly mixed into the base fuel inside the fuel tank of the engine, or
(C) the additive and base fuel are not mixed until engine fueling commences, and no more additive plus base fuel combination is mixed than required for a single fueling of a single engine.
(6) "Approach Light System with Sequenced Flasher Lights in Category 1 and Category 2 Configurations (ALSF-1 and ALSF-2)" means high intensity approach lighting systems with sequenced flashers used at airports to illuminate specified runways during category II or III weather conditions, where category II means a decision height of 100 feet and runway visual range of 1,200 feet, and category III means no decision height or decision height below 100 feet and runway visual range of 700 feet.
(7) "Baseline" or "Baseline Emissions" means the emissions level of a diesel-fueled engine using CARB diesel fuel as configured upon initial installation or by January 1, 2003, whichever is later.
(8) "California Air Resources Board (CARB) Diesel Fuel" means any diesel fuel that meets the specifications of vehicular diesel fuel, as defined in title 13, CCR, sections 2281 and 2282.
(9) "Cancer Risk" means the characterization of the probability of developing cancer from exposure to environmental chemical hazards, in accordance with the methodologies specified in "The Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Guidance Manual for Preparation of Health Risk Assessments," Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, August 2003, which is incorporated herein by reference.
(10) "Carbon Monoxide (CO)" is a colorless, odorless gas resulting from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbon fuels.
(11) "Certified Engine" means a CI engine that is certified to meet the Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 3, or Tier 4 Off-Road CI Certification Standards as specified in title 13, California Code of Regulations, section 2423.
(12) "Combustion Gas Turbine Engine" means an internal combustion gas or liquid-fueled device consisting of compressor, combustor, and power turbine used to power an electrical generator.
(13) "Compression Ignition (CI) Engine" means an internal combustion engine with operating characteristics significantly similar to the theoretical diesel combustion cycle. The regulation of power by controlling fuel supply in lieu of a throttle is indicative of a compression ignition engine.
(14) "Control Area" means any electrical region in California that regulates its power generation in order to balance electrical loads and maintain planned interchange schedules with other control areas.
(15) "Cumulatively" means the aggregation of hours or days of engine use, and any portion of an hour or day of engine use, toward a specified time limit(s).
(16) "Date of Acquisition or Submittal" means
(A) For each District-approved permit or district registration for stationary sources, the date the application for the district permit or the application for engine registration was submitted to the District. Alternatively, upon District approval, the date of purchase as defined by the date shown on the front of the cashed check, the date of the financial transaction, or the date on the engine purchasing agreement, whichever is earliest.
(B) For an engine subject to neither a district permit program nor a district registration program for stationary sources, the date of purchase as defined by the date shown on the front of the cashed check, the date of the financial transaction, or the date on the engine purchasing agreement, whichever is earliest.
(17) "Date of Initial Installation" means one of the following, whichever is earlier:
(A) the date on which a new stationary diesel-fueled engine is placed at a location in order to be operated for the first time since delivery from the manufacturer or distributor, or,
(B) for the purposes of a Tier 1- or Tier 2-certified stationary diesel agricultural engine complying with section 93115.8(b)(3)emission standards, one year from January 1 of the model year of such engine.
(18) "Demand Response Program (DRP)" means a program for reducing electrical demand using an Interruptible Service Contract (ISC) or Rolling Blackout Reduction Program (RBRP).
(19) "Diesel Fuel" means any fuel that is commonly or commercially known, sold, or represented by the supplier as diesel fuel, including any mixture of primarily liquid hydrocarbons - organic compounds consisting exclusively of the elements carbon and hydrogen - that is sold or represented by the supplier as suitable for use in an internal combustion, compression-ignition engine.
(20) "Diesel-Fueled" means fueled by diesel fuel, CARB diesel fuel, or jet fuel, in whole or part.
(21) "Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)" means an emission control technology that reduces PM emissions by trapping the particles in a flow filter substrate and periodically removes the collected particles by either physical action or by oxidizing (burning off) the particles in a process called regeneration.
(22) "Diesel Particulate Matter (PM)" means the particles found in the exhaust of diesel-fueled CI engines as determined in accordance with the test methods identified in section 93115.14.
(23) "Digester Gas" is any gas derived from anaerobic decomposition of organic matter.
(24) "Direct-Drive Emergency Standby Fire Pump Engines" means engines directly coupled to pumps exclusively used in water-based fire protection systems.
(25) "District" has the same meaning as defined in the California Health and Safety Code, Section 39025.
(26) "DRP Engine" means an engine that is enrolled in a DRP.
(27) "Dual-fuel Diesel Pilot Engine" means a dual-fueled engine that uses diesel fuel as a pilot ignition source at an annual average ratio of less than 5 parts diesel fuel to 100 parts total fuel on an energy equivalent basis.
(28) "Dual-fuel Engine" means any CI engine that is engineered and designed to operate on a combination of alternative fuels, such as compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and diesel fuel or an alternative diesel fuel. These engines have two separate fuel systems, which inject both fuels simultaneously into the engine combustion chamber.
(29) "Emergency Standby Engine" means a stationary engine that meets the criteria specified in (A), (B), and (C) and any combination of (D) or (E) or (F) below:
(A) is installed for the primary purpose of providing electrical power or mechanical work during an emergency use and is not the source of primary power at the facility; and
(B) is operated to provide electrical power or mechanical work during an emergency use; and
(C) is not operated to supply power to an electric grid or does not supply power as part of a financial arrangement with any entity, except as allowed in sections 93115.6(a)(2), (b)(1) or (c): and
(D) is operated under limited circumstances for maintenance and testing, emissions testing, or initial start-up testing, as specified in sections 93115.6(a), (b), and (c); or
(E) is operated under limited circumstances in response to an impending outage, as specified in sections 93115.6(a), (b), and (c); or
(F) is operated under limited circumstances under a DRP as specified in section 93115.6(c).
(30) "Emergency Use" means providing electrical power or mechanical work during any of the following events and subject to the following conditions:
(A) the failure or loss of all or part of normal electrical power service or normal natural gas supply to the facility:
1. which is caused by any reason other than the enforcement of a contractual obligation the owner or operator has with a third party or any other party; and
2. which is demonstrated by the owner or operator to the district APCO's satisfaction to have been beyond the reasonable control of the owner or operator;
(B) the failure of a facility's internal power distribution system:
1. which is caused by any reason other than the enforcement of a contractual obligation the owner or operator has with a third party or any other party; and
2. which is demonstrated by the owner or operator to the district APCO's satisfaction to have been beyond the reasonable control of the owner or operator;
(C) the pumping of water or sewage to prevent or mitigate a flood or sewage overflow;
(D) the pumping of water for fire suppression or protection;
(E) the powering of ALSF-1 and ALSF-2 airport runway lights under category II or III weather conditions;
(F) the pumping of water to maintain pressure in the water distribution system for the following reasons:
1. a pipe break that substantially reduces water pressure; or
2. high demand on the water supply system due to high use of water for fire suppression; or
3. the breakdown of electric-powered pumping equipment at sewage treatment facilities or water delivery facilities; or
(G) day-of-rocket launch and day of space plane vehicle re-entry/landing system checks and tracking performed (in parallel with grid power) by the United States Department of Defense at Command Transmitter sites (also known as "CT" sites) that occur within the 24-hour time period associated with the scheduled time of the launch or re-entry/landing.
(31) "Emission Control Strategy" means any device, system, or strategy employed with a diesel-fueled CI engine that is intended to reduce emissions including, but not limited to, particulate filters, diesel oxidation catalysts, selective catalytic reduction systems, fuel additives used in combination with particulate filters, alternative diesel fuels, and any combination of the above.
(32) "End User" means any person who purchases or leases a stationary diesel-fueled engine for operation in California. Persons purchasing engines for the sole purpose of resale are not considered "end users."
(33) "Enrolled" means either of the following, whichever applies:
(A) the ISC is in effect during the specified time period for an engine in an ISC; or
(B) the date the engine is entered into the RBRP.
(34) "Executive Officer" means the executive officer of the Air Resources Board, or his or her designated representative.
(35) "Facility" means one or more contiguous properties, in actual physical contact or separated solely by a public roadway or other public right-of-way, under common ownership on which engines operate.
(36) "Fuel Additive" means any substance designed to be added to fuel or fuel systems or other engine-related engine systems such that it is present in-cylinder during combustion and has any of the following effects: decreased emissions, improved fuel economy, increased performance of the engine; or assists diesel emission control strategies in decreasing emissions, or improving fuel economy or increasing performance of the engine.
(37) "Generator Set" means a CI engine coupled to a generator that is used as a source of electricity.
(38) "Hazard Index" means the sum of individual acute or chronic hazard quotients for each substance affecting a particular toxicological endpoint, as determined in accordance with the requirements of "The Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Guidance Manual for Preparation of Health Risk Assessments," Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, August 2003, which is incorporated herein by reference.
(39) "HC" means the sum of all hydrocarbon air pollutants.
(40) "Health Facility" has the same meaning as defined in Section 1250 of the California Health and Safety Code.
(41) "In-Use" means a CI engine that is not a "new" CI engine.
(42) "Initial Start-up Testing" means operating the engine or supported equipment to ensure their proper performance either:
(A) for the first time after installation of a stationary diesel-fueled CI engine at a facility, or
(B) for the first time after installation of emission control equipment on an in-use stationary diesel-fueled CI engine.
(43) "Interruptible Service Contract (ISC)" means a contractual arrangement in which a utility distribution company provides lower energy costs to a nonresidential electrical customer in exchange for the ability to reduce or interrupt the customer's electrical service during a Stage 2 or Stage 3 alert, or during a transmission emergency.
(44) "Jet Fuel" means fuel meeting any of the following specifications:
(A) ASTM D 1655-02, "Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels," which is incorporated herein by reference. Jet fuels meeting this specification include Jet A, Jet A-1, and Jet B;
(B) Military Detail (MIL-DTL) 5624T, "Turbine Fuels, Aviation, Grades Jet Propellant (JP) JP-4, JP-5, and JP-5/JP8 ST," dated September 18, 1998, which is incorporated herein by reference; and
(C) Military Test (MIL-T) 83133E, "Turbine Fuels, Aviation, Kerosene Types, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) F-34 (JP-8), NATO F-35, and JP-8+100," dated April 1, 1999, which is incorporated herein by reference.
(45) "Landfill Gas" means any gas derived through any biological process from the decomposition of waste buried within a waste disposal site.
(46) "Location" means any single site at a facility.
(47) "Maintenance and Testing" means operating an emergency standby CI engine to:
(A) evaluate the ability of the engine or its supported equipment to perform during an emergency. "Supported Equipment" includes, but is not limited to, generators, pumps, transformers, switchgear, uninterruptible power supply, and breakers; or
(B) facilitate the training of personnel on emergency activities; or
(C) provide electric power for the facility when the utility distribution company takes its power distribution equipment offline to service that equipment for any reason that does not qualify as an emergency use; or
(D) provide additional hours of operation to perform testing on an engine that has experienced a breakdown or failure during maintenance. Upon air district approval, these additional hours of operation will not be counted in the maximum allowable annual hours of operation for the emergency standby CI engine that provided the electrical power.
(48) "Maximum Rated Power" means the maximum brake kilowatt output of an engine as determined from any of the following, whichever is the greatest:
(A) the manufacturer's sales and service literature,
(B) the nameplate of the unit, or
(C) if applicable, as shown in the application for certification of the engine.
(49) "Model Year" means the stationary CI engine manufacturer's annual production period, which includes January 1st of a calendar year, or if the manufacturer has no annual production period, the calendar year.
(50) "New" or "New CI Engine" means the following:
(A) a stationary CI engine installed at a facility after January 1, 2005, including an engine relocated from an off-site location after January 1, 2005, except the following shall be deemed in-use engines:
1. a replacement stationary CI engine that is installed to temporarily replace an in-use engine while the in-use engine is undergoing maintenance and testing, provided the replacement engine emits no more than the in-use engine, and the replacement engine is not used more than 180 days cumulatively in any 12-month rolling period;
2. an engine for which a district-approved application for a district permit or engine registration for stationary sources was submitted to the District prior to January 1, 2005, even though the engine was installed after January 1, 2005;
3. an engine that is one of four or more engines owned by an owner or operator and is relocated prior to January 1, 2008, to an offsite location that is owned by the same owner or operator;
4. an engine, or replacement for an engine, used in agricultural operations that is relocated within the same facility or to another facility under the same owner or operator for use in agricultural operations, unless the engine is sited where an engine is not currently located and has not been previously located.
5. an engine installed at a facility prior to January 1, 2005, and relocated within the same facility after January 1, 2005.
6. a model year 2004 or 2005 engine purchased prior to January 1, 2005, for use in California. The date of purchase is defined by the date shown on the front of the cashed check, the date of the financial transaction, or the date on the engine purchasing agreement, whichever is earliest.
7. a greater than 50 bhp Tier 1- or Tier 2-certified stationary diesel agricultural engine installed after January 1, 2005, shall be considered a new engine subject to the requirements of section 93115.8(a) until 12 years after the date of initial installation, at which time, it shall be considered an in-use engine subject to the requirements of section93115.8(b)(3).
(B) a stationary CI engine that has been reconstructed after January 1, 2005, shall be deemed a new engine unless the sum of the costs of all individual reconstructions of that engine after January 1, 2005, is less than 50% of the lowest-available purchase price, determined at the time of the most recent reconstruction, of a complete, comparably-equipped new engine (within + 10% of the reconstructed engine's brake horsepower rating).

For purposes of this definition, the cost of reconstruction and the cost of a comparable new engine shall not include the cost of equipment and devices required to meet the requirements of this ATCM.

(51) "Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)" means compounds of nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and other oxides of nitrogen, which are typically created during combustion processes and are major contributors to smog formation and acid deposition.
(52) "Noncertified Engine" means a CI engine that is not certified to Off-Road CI Certification Standards as specified in title 13, California Code of Regulations, section 2423.
(53) "Non-Methane Hydrocarbons (NMHC)" means the sum of all hydrocarbon air pollutants except methane.
(54) "Outer Continental Shelf (OCS)" shall have the meaning provided by section 2 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act ( 43 U.S.C. Section 1331 et seq.).
(55) "Owner or Operator" means any person subject to the requirements of this ATCM, including but not limited to:
(A) an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, business concern, partnership, limited liability company, association, or corporation including but not limited to, a government corporation; and
(B) any city, county, district, commission, the state or any department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, any interstate body, and the federal government or any department or agency thereof to the extent permitted by law.
(56) "Particulate Matter (PM)" means the particles found in the exhaust of CI engines, which may agglomerate and adsorb other species to form structures of complex physical and chemical properties.
(57) "Portable CI Engine" means a compression ignition (CI) engine designed and capable of being carried or moved from one location to another, except as provided in section 93115.4(a)(72). Indicators of portability include, but are not limited to, wheels, skids, carrying handles, dolly, trailer, or platform. The provisions of this definition notwithstanding, an engine with indicators of portability that remains at the same facility location for more than 12 consecutive rolling months or 365 rolling days, whichever occurs first, not including time spent in a storage facility, shall be deemed a stationary engine.
(58) "Prime CI Engine" means a stationary CI engine that is not an emergency standby CI engine.
(59) "Prioritization Score" means the numeric value used to rank facilities in order of their potential to pose significant risk to human receptors. Prioritization scores are calculated per the process described in the "CAPCOA Air Toxics 'Hot Spots' Program Facility Prioritization Guidelines," California Air Pollution Control Officer's Association (CAPCOA), July 1990, which is incorporated herein by reference.
(60) "Rated Brake Horsepower (bhp)" means:
(A) for in-use engines, the maximum brake horsepower output of an engine as determined from any of the following, whichever reflects the engine's configuration as of January 1, 2005:
1. the manufacturer's sales and service literature;
2. the nameplate of the engine; or
3. if applicable, as shown in the application for certification of the engine;
(B) for new engines, the maximum brake horsepower output of an engine as determined from any of the following, whichever reflects the engine's configuration upon the engine's initial installation at the facility:
1. the manufacturer's sales and service literature;
2. the nameplate of the engine; or
3. if applicable, as shown in the application for certification of the engine.
(61) "Receptor location" means any location outside the boundaries of a facility where a person may experience exposure to diesel exhaust due to the operation of a stationary diesel-fueled CI engine. Receptor locations include, but are not limited to, residences, businesses, hospitals, daycare centers, and schools.
(62) "Reconstruction" means the rebuilding of the engine or the replacement of engine parts, including pollution control devices, but excluding operating fluids; lubricants; and other consumables such as air filters, fuel filters, and glow plugs that are subject to regular replacement.
(63) "Remotely-Located Agricultural Engine" means a stationary diesel-fueled CI engine used in agriculture that is:
(A) located in a federal ambient air quality area that is designated as unclassifiable or attainment for all PM and ozone national ambient air quality standards (title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, section81.305); and
(B) located more than one-half mile from any residential area, school, or hospital.
(64) "Residential Area" means three or more permanent residences (i.e., homes) located anywhere outside the facility's property.
(65) "Rolling Blackout Reduction Program (RBRP)" means a contractual arrangement, implemented by the San Diego Gas and Electric Company (SDG&E) in San Diego County, in which SDG&E pays a nonresidential electrical customer, in accordance with the most current RBRP Schedule, in exchange for the customer using its diesel-fueled engines to reduce its electrical demand upon request by SDG&E during either a Stage 3 alert or a transmission emergency.
(66) "Rotating Outage" means a controlled, involuntary curtailment of electrical power service to consumers as ordered by the Utility Distribution Company.
(67) "School" or "School Grounds" means any public or private school used for purposes of the education of more than 12 children in kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, but does not include any private school in which education is primarily conducted in a private home(s). "School" or "School Grounds" includes any building or structure, playground, athletic field, or other areas of school property but does not include unimproved school property.
(68) "Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) System" means an emission control system that reduces NOx emissions through the catalytic reduction of NOx in diesel exhaust by injecting nitrogen-containing compounds into the exhaust stream, such as ammonia or urea.
(69) "Seller" means any person who sells, leases, or offers for sale any stationary diesel-fueled engine directly to end users.
(70) "Stage 2 Alert" means an official forecast or declaration by the California Independent System Operator that the operating reserves of electrical power will fall or have fallen below 5 percent.
(71) "Stage 3 Alert" means an official forecast or declaration by the California Independent System Operator that the operating reserves of electrical power will fall or have fallen below 1.5 percent.
(72) "Stationary CI Engine" means a CI engine that is designed to stay in one location, or remains in one location. A CI engine is stationary if any of the following are true:
(A) the engine or its replacement is attached to a foundation, or if not so attached, resides at the same location for more than 12 consecutive months. Any engine such as backup or standby engines, that replaces an engine at a location and is intended to perform the same or similar function as the engine(s) being replaced, shall be included in calculating the consecutive time period. The cumulative time of all engine(s), including the time between the removal of the original engine(s) and installation of the replacement engine(s), will be counted toward the consecutive time period; or
(B) the engine remains or will reside at a location for less than 12 consecutive months if the engine is located at a seasonal source and operates during the full annual operating period of the seasonal source, where a seasonal source is a stationary source that remains in a single location on a permanent basis (at least two years) and that operates at that single location at least three months each year; or
(C) the engine is moved from one location to another in an attempt to circumvent the 12 month residence time requirement. The period during which the engine is maintained at a storage facility shall be excluded from the residency time determination.
(73) "Stationary Source" means any building, structure, facility, or installation that emits any pollutant directly or as fugitive emissions. Building, structure, facility, or installation includes all pollutant emitting activities which:
(A) are under the same ownership or operation, or which are owned or operated by entities which are under common control; and
(B) belong to the same industrial grouping either by virtue of falling within the same two-digit standard industrial code or by virtue of being part of a common industrial process, manufacturing process, or connected process involving a common raw material; and
(C) are located on one or more contiguous or adjacent properties.
(74) "Stock Engine" means a certified CI engine that has never been placed in service and is part of a supply of engines offered for sale, rent, or lease by a person or firm who offers for sale, rent, or lease engines and related equipment for profit.
(75) "Transmission Constrained Area" means the specific location that is subject to localized operating reserve deficiencies due to the failure of the normal electrical power distribution system.
(76) "Transmission Emergency" means an official forecast or declaration by the California Independent System Operator that the available electrical power transmission capacity to a transmission constrained area is insufficient and may result in an uncontrolled local grid collapse in the transmission constrained area.
(77) "Utility Distribution Company" means one of several organizations that control energy transmission and distribution in California. Utility Distribution Companies include, but are not limited to, the Pacific Gas and Electric Company, the San Diego Gas and Electric Company, Southern California Edison, Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, the Imperial Irrigation District, and the Sacramento Municipal Utility District.
(78) "Verification Procedure, Warranty and In-Use Compliance Requirements for In-Use Strategies to Control Emissions from Diesel Engines (Verification Procedure)" means the ARB regulatory procedure codified in title 13, CCR, sections 2700-2710, which is incorporated herein by reference, that engine manufacturers, sellers, owners, or operators may use to verify the reductions of diesel PM or NOx from in-use diesel engines using a particular emission control strategy.
(79) "Verified Diesel Emission Control Strategy" means an emission control strategy, designed primarily for the reduction of diesel PM emissions, which has been verified pursuant to the "Verification Procedure."

Notes

Cal. Code Regs. Tit. 17, § 93115.4

Note: Authority cited: Sections 39600, 39601,39658, 39659, 39666, 41511 and 43013, Health and Safety Code. Reference: Sections 39002, 39650,39658, 39659, 39666, 40000, 41511 and 43013, Health and Safety Code.

1. Renumbering and amendment of former subsection 93115(d) and its subdivisions to new section 93115.4 filed 9-18-2007; operative 10-18-2007 (Register 2007, No. 38).
2. Change without regulatory effect amending subsections (a)(57), (a)(63)(A) and (a)(79) filed 4-21-2008 pursuant to section 100, title 1, California Code of Regulations (Register 2008, No. 17).
3. Amendment of subsection (a)(29), new subsection (a)(29)(C), subsection relettering and amendment of subsections (a)(30)(g), (a)(47)(A) and (a)(73) filed 5-19-2011; operative 5-19-2011 pursuant to Government Code section 11343.4 (Register 2011, No. 20).

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