Sec. 15559 - Requirements for Nutritionally Adequate Breakfast

§ 15559. Requirements for Nutritionally Adequate Breakfast

(a) A nutritionally adequate breakfast shall contain components that meet the USDA School Breakfast Program requirement for a five-day school week contained in 7 Code of Federal Regulations section 220.8 as amended by 83 FR 63775, December 12, 2018, which is hereby incorporated by reference, as set forth in the following tables:

Amount of Fooda per Week (Minimum per Day)

Food Grades K - 5 Grades 6 - 8 Grades 9 - 12
Fruits (cups)b,c 5 (1) 5 (1) 5 (1)
Vegetables (cups)b,c 0 0 0
Grains (ounce         
equivalents)d 7-10 (1)* 8-10 (1)* 9-10 (2)*
Meats/Meat Alternatives         
(ounce equivalents)e 0 0 0
Fluid milk (cups)f 5 (1) 5 (1) 5 (1)

*U.S. Department of Agriculture has lifted the weekly maximums for grains. The daily and weekly minimums for grains and the weekly calorie range still apply. The maximum are used as a guide for menu planning purposes only.

a Food items included in each group and subgroup and amount equivalents as outlined in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Buying Guide.

b One quarter cup of dried fruit counts as one half cup of fruit; one cup of leafy greens counts as one half cup of vegetables. All juice must be 100 percent full-strength. Frozen 100 percent juice without added sugar can be used. The minimum creditable serving for a fruit or vegetable is at least one eighth cup.

c Vegetables may be substituted for fruits, but the first two cups per week of any such substitution must be from the dark green, red/orange, beans and peas (legumes) or "Other Vegetables" subgroups, as defined 7 Code of Federal Regulations section 210.10(c)(2)(iii) as amended by 83 FR 63775, December 12, 2018, which is hereby incorporated by reference.

d At least half of the grains offered weekly must be whole grain rich and all remaining grain items must be enriched. Schools may substitute one ounce equivalent of meat/meat alternate for one ounce equivalent of grains after the minimum daily grains requirement is met. Meat/meat alternates may be offered as extra food items that do not count toward the grain component or as food items for Offer Versus Serve. These extra food items need to be included in the weekly calories, sodium, and saturated fat. The minimum creditable serving for a grain, a meat, or a meat alternate is at least one quarter ounce equivalent.

e There is no meat/meat alternate requirement.

f All fluid milk must be low-fat (one percent fat or less) or fat-free (skim). Milk may be unflavored or flavored, provided that unflavored milk is offered at each meal service.

Other Specifications: Daily Amount Based on the Average for a 5-Day Week contained in 7 Code of Federal Regulations section 220.8 as amended by 83 FR 63775, December 12, 2018, which is hereby incorporated by reference.

Dietary Specifications Grades K - 5 Grades 6 - 8 Grades 9 - 12
Min-Max Calories         
(kcal)g,h 350-500 400-550 450-600
Saturated Fat (percent of         
total calories)h Less than 10 Less than 10 Less than 10
   percent percent percent
Target 1 Sodium         
(milligrams)h,i Less than or Less than or Less than or
   equal to equal to equal to
   540 mg 600 mg 640 mg
Target 2 Sodium         
(milligrams) Less than or Less than or Less than or
   equal to equal to equal to
   485 mg 535 mg 570 mg
Trans Fath Nutrition label Nutrition label Nutrition label
   of manufacturer of manufacturer of manufacturer
   specifications specifications specifications
   must indicate must indicate must indicate
   zero grams of zero grams of zero grams of
   trans fat per trans fat per trans fat per
   serving serving serving

g The average daily calories for a five-day school week must be within the range (at least the minimum and no more than the maximum values).

h Discretionary sources of calories (solid fats and added sugars) may be added to the meal pattern if within the specifications for calories, saturated fat, trans fat, and sodium. Food products and ingredients must contain zero grams of trans fat (less than 0.5 grams) per serving

i Sodium Target 1 is effective through June 30, 2024. Sodium Target 2 is effective July 1, 2024 and is contained in 7 Code of Federal Regulations section 220.8(f)(3) as amended by 83 FR 63775, December 12, 2018, which is hereby incorporated by reference.

(1. Amendment of section heading and section and new Note filed 9-26-2019; operative 1-1-2020 (Register 2019, No. 39).)

Note: Authority cited: Sections 33031, 49531 and 49531.1, Education Code. Reference: 7 C.F.R. section 220.8.

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