the rules and regulations as contained herein, including all amendments
thereto, the following definitions, interpretations shall apply:
(1) Act. Public Act 865 of the 1971 session
of the general assembly together with any and all amendments thereto.
(2) Added money-early closing event. An event
closing in the same year in which it is to be contested in which all entrance
and declaration fees received are added to the purse.
(3) Age. The age of a horse shall be
determined from the first day of January of the year of foaling, except that
for foals born in November and December of any year in which case the age shall
be determined from January 1 of the succeeding year.
(4) Appeal. A request for the commission to
investigate, consider, and review any decisions or rulings of judges or
officials of a meeting. The appeal may deal with placings, penalties,
interpretations of the rules or other questions dealing with the conduct of
shall mean, according to the requirement of the text:
(A) A person seeking to obtain an
occupational license from the commission or
(B) An individual, partnership or corporation
seeking to obtain a license to conduct a harness race meeting pursuant to the
Arrears include all moneys due for entrance forfeits, fees (including drivers'
fees), forfeitures, subscriptions, stake, purchase money in claiming races, and
also any default in money incident to the rules.
(7) Association. An individual, partnership
or corporation licensed to conduct a recognized harness meeting pursuant to the
(8) Authorized agent. A person
appointed by a written instrument signed by the owner and filed in accordance
with the rules.
(9) Claiming race.
A claiming race is one in which every horse competing therein may be claimed in
conformity to the rules.
Classified race. A race regardless of the eligibility of horses with entries
being selected on the basis of ability or performance.
(11) Commission. Commission shall mean the
nine (9) commissioners of the commission on special revenue of the state of
Connecticut, as established by the act and their duly authorized
race. An overnight event to which eligibility is determined according to
specified qualifications. Such qualifications are provided for in rule (p) of
(13) Coupled entry. Two or more horses
starting in a race when owned or trained by the same person, or trained in the
same stable or by the same management. Such horses are coupled as an "entry,"
and a wager on one shall be a wager on all of them.
(14) Dash. A race decided in a single trial.
Dashes may be given in a series of two or three governed by one entry fee for
the series, in which event a horse must start in all dashes. Positions may be
drawn for each dash. The number of premiums awarded shall not exceed the number
of starters in the dash.
Shall mean, according to the requirement of the text:
(A) A period of twenty-four (24) hours,
beginning at midnight.
period of twenty-four (24) hours beginning at midnight and included in the
period of a race meeting.
(16) Declaration. Means the naming of a
particular horse to a particular race as a starter. Declarations shall be taken
not more than three racing days in advance for all races except those for which
qualifying dashes are provided.
(17) Disqualification. A person who is barred
from acting as an official or from starting or driving a horse in a race, or in
the ease of a horse, it shall not be allowed to start.
(18) Drug. Drug shall be deemed to include
substances intended for use in the diagnosis, treatment, mitigation, cure or
prevention of disease in man or other animals and substances (other than foods)
intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other
(19) Early closing race. A
race for a definite amount to which entries close at least six weeks preceding
the race. The entrance fee may be on the installment plan or otherwise, and all
payments are to be non-refundable.
(20) Elimination heats or dashes. Heats or
dashes of a race split according to these rules to qualify the contestants for
a final heat or dash.
(21) Entry. A
horse that has been entered in a race and accepted.
(22) Expulsion. The unconditional exclusion
and disqualification from any participation, either directly or indirectly, in
the privileges and uses of the course and grounds of the association of a
licensee or patron.
pari-mutuel meetings. An extended parimutuel meeting is a meeting, or meetings,
at which no agricultural fair is in progress with an annual total of more than
ten (10) days duration with pari-mutuel wagering.
(24) Forfeit. Money due because of an error,
fault, neglect of duty, breach of contract, or a penalty.
(25) Futurity. A stake in which the dam of
the competing animal is nominated either when in foal or during the year of
(26) Gender. References in
these rules to the male gender shall be deemed to include the female gender
unless the circumstances preclude such inclusion.
(27) Green horse. One that has never trotted
or paced in a race or against time.
(28) Guaranteed stake. A race for which an
association guarantees by its conditions a specified purse, which shall be the
limit of its liability. However, if in any such race there should be any
surplus from entries and subscriptions over the sum guaranteed, it shall also
be paid to the winner, unless by the conditions it is to be paid to other
horses in the race.
A race in which performance, or a sex allowance is made. Post positions for a
handicap may be assigned by the racing secretary. Post positions in a handicap
claiming race may be determined by the claiming price.
(30) Heat. One of the two or three
installments of a race, the winner being decided by its performance in the
When the judges suspect that a foul or any other misconduct during a race has
occurred, they shall post an inquiry sign at the conclusion of the race and
delay the "official" sign until they have reviewed the suspected
(32) Interference. Any
act, which by design or otherwise, and regardless of actual contact, hampers or
obstructs any competing horse or horses.
(33) International championship. A race
advertised, promoted, or announced as competition among the best horses in the
world of any gait or age and comprised of horses from three or more countries
with no more than four horses from any one country.
(34) Invitation. A race to which only those
horses named by the racing secretary and listed by him with the presiding
judge, shall be eligible.
closing race. A race for a fixed amount to which nominations or declarations
close less than six (6) weeks and more than three (3) days before the race is
to be contested.
(36) Length of
race and number of heats. Races shall be given at a stated distance in units
not shorter than a sixteenth of a mile. The length of a race and the number of
heats shall be stated in the conditions. If no distance or number of heats are
specified, all races shall be a single mile dash.
Licensee. This shall mean, according to
the requirement of the text:
association that has received a license from the commission to conduct harness
racing with pari-mutuel wagering.
(B) A person who has an occupational license
issued by the commission.
(38) Maiden. A stallion, mare or gelding that
has never won a heat or race at the gait at which it is entered to start and
for which a purse is offered. Races or purse money awarded to a horse after the
"official" sign has been posted shall not be considered winning performance or
affect status as a maiden.
Match. A race between two horses the property of two different owners on terms
agreed upon by them.
A program of races conducted upon a racetrack which concludes by 7:00 P.M.
(41) Matinee race.
A race with no entrance fee and where the premiums, if any, are other than
(42) Minor. A minor shall be
any person under the age of eighteen (18) years.
(43) Month. This shall mean a calendar
(44) Net pool. The total
amount bet in a specific pool minus the deduction allowed by the act for the
state and the association.
Night performance. A program of races conducted upon a racetrack which begins
at 7:00 P.M. prevailing time or later.
(46) Nomination. The naming of a horse or in
the event of a futurity, the naming of foal in utero, to a certain race or
series of races, eligibility of which is conditioned on the payment of a fee at
the time of naming and the payment of subsequent sustaining fees and/or
(47) Objection. A
complaint by a driver of any foul drying or other misconduct during the race.
The judges at the conclusion of the race shall post an "objection" sign and
shall delay the "official" sign until they have considered the
(48) Overnight event. A
race for which the entries close seventy-two (72) hours (exclusive of Sundays),
or less, before 9:00 A.M. of the day on which such race is to be run.
(49) Owner. Includes part-owner or
(50) Paddock. An enclosure
to which horses scheduled to compete in a race program are confined prior to
racing under the supervision of a paddock judge.
(51) Place. In racing shall mean first,
second or third, and in that order is called "win", "place", and
(52) Post position. The
position drawn by or assigned to the horse.
Program. Shall mean according to the
requirement of the text:
(A) A schedule of
races of either a matinee or night performance.
(B) The schedule of races as prepared by the
racing secretary and printed by the association for sale to the public. In no
event shall the overnight sheet be construed to be the program.
(54) Protest. An objection,
properly sworn to, charging that a horse is ineligible to race, alleging
improper entry or declaration, or citing any act of an owner, driver, trainer
(55) Purse. The money
or other prize for which entries in a race are competing.
(56) Race. Race is a heat or a
(57) Recognized meeting, or
meeting. Any racing meeting given by an association in good standing, within
the enclosure of any racetrack, licensed and conducted under the sanction of
the act and the rules and regulations of the commission; and constituting the
entire consecutive period of days (excluding Sundays only) that has been
granted to the association by the commission to conduct harness
(58) Record. The fastest
time made by a horse in a race which he won, or in a performance against
(59) Rules. The rules herein
prescribed and any amendments or additions thereto.
(60) Scoring. Preliminary practice starts
taken by the horses in a race after the post parade and before they are called
by the starter to line up for the start.
(61) Scratch. The act of withdrawing an
entered horse from the race after the closing of overnight entries.
(62) Scratch time. The time set by the
association for the closing of applications for permission to withdraw from
races of that day.
(63) Stake. A
race which will be contested in a year subsequent to its closing in which the
money given by the association conducting the same is added to the money
contributed by the nominators, all of which, except deductions for the cost of
promotion, breeders or nominators awards, belongs to the winner or winners. In
any event, all of the money contributed in nominating, sustaining, and starting
payments must be paid to the winner or winners.
(64) Suspended. Suspended shall mean that any
privilege granted to a licensee of the commission by the officials of a racing
meeting or by the commission has been withdrawn.
(65) Tote or tote board. This shall mean the
(66) Track or
racetrack. This shall be deemed to mean any and all parts of the plant of a
racing association, including, but not limited to, the racing strip, the
approaches and entrances, the stands and all other accommodations and
facilities afforded to the public, the stables, barns, paddocks, quarters of
drivers, and others employed in or about the track, judges' boxes, photo-finish
and film patrol plants, pari-mutuel offices, facilities and equipment,
totalisator and public address system.
(67) Two in three. In a two in three race, a
horse must win two heats to be entitled to first money.
(68) Walk over. When only horses of the same
interest start, it constitutes a walk over. In a "stake race", a walk over is
entitled to all the stake money and forfeits unless otherwise provided in the
published conditions. To claim the purse, the entry must start and go once over
the course, unless this requirement is waived by the presiding judge.
(69) Winner. The winner shall be the horse
whose nose reaches the wire first. If there is a dead heat for first, both
horses shall be considered winners. Where two horses are tied in the summary,
the winner of the longer dash or heat shall be entitled to the trophy. Where
the dashes or heats are of the same distances and the horses are tied in the
summary, the winner of the faster dash or heat shall be entitled to the trophy.
Where the dashes or heats are of the same distance and the horses are tied in
the summary and the time, both horses shall be considered winners.
(70) Year. Shall mean a calendar
(71) Publicly owned
corporations. Any corporation whose stock is available for purchase by the
(72) Stock. Shall
include common and preferred shares.