As used in Sections
-A1 to 19a-36-A55:
agent" means an individual designated by a local director of health to act for
him or her in the performance of any of his or her duties.
(b) "Carrier" means an infected person or
animal who, without any apparent symptoms of communicable disease, harbors a
specific infectious agent and may serve as a source of infection for humans.
The state of harboring a specific infectious agent may occur in an individual
with an infection that is inapparent throughout its course (asymptomatic
carrier), or in an individual during the incubation period, convalescence, and
post-convalescence of a clinically recognizable disease (incubatory carrier and
convalescent carrier). The carrier state may be of short duration (transient
carrier) or long duration (chronic carrier).
(c) "Case" means a person or animal who
exhibits evidence of disease.
"Cleaning" means the process of removal of organic matter conducive to growth
or maintenance of infectivity of infectious agents by scrubbing and washing as
with hot water and soap.
"Commissioner" means the state commissioner of health services.
(f) "Communicable disease" means a disease or
condition, the infectious agent of which may pass or be carried directly or
indirectly, from the body of one person or animal to the body of another person
period" means any time period during which a specific infectious agent may be
transferred directly or indirectly from an infected person or animal to another
human or animal.
means a person or animal known to have had association with an infected person
or animal in such a manner as to have been exposed to a particular communicable
(i) "Contamination" means
the presence of undesirable substance or material which may contain an
infectious agent on external body surfaces (e.g., skin), articles of apparel,
inanimate surfaces or in food or beverages.
(j) "Cultures" mean growths of an infectious
agent propogated on selected living or artificial media.
(k) "Date of onset" means the day, month and
year on which the case or suspected case experienced the first sign or symptoms
of the disease.
means the Connecticut Department of Health Services.
" means a directly applied
chemical or physical process by which the disease producing powers of
infectious agents are destroyed.
"Concurrent disinfection" means the immediate disinfection and disposal of body
discharges, and the immediate disinfection or destruction of all infected or
presumably infected materials.
"Terminal disinfection" means the process of rendering the personal clothing
and immediate physical environment of a patient free from the probability of
conveying an infectious agent to others after removal of the patient or at a
time when the patient is no longer a source of infection.
(n) "Epidemic" means the occurrence of cases
of illness clearly in excess of normal expectancy over a specific time period
in a community, geographic region, building or institution. The number of cases
indicating an epidemic may vary according to the causative agent, size and type
of population exposed, previous experience with the disease, and time and place
of occurrence. An outbreak of disease is an epidemic.
(o) "Epidemiologic investigation" means an
inquiry into the incidence, distribution and source of disease to determine its
cause, means of prevention, and efficacy of control measures.
(p) "Foodborne outbreaks" means illness in
two or more individuals acquired through the ingestion of common-source food or
water contaminated with chemicals, infectious agents or their toxic products.
Foodborne outbreaks include, but are not limited to, illness due to heavy metal
intoxications, staphylococcal food poisoning, botulism, salmonellosis,
shigellosis, Clostridium perfringens intoxication and hepatitis A.
(q) "Foodhandler" means a person who
prepares, processes, or otherwise handles food or beverages for people other
than members of his or her immediate household.
(r) "Health care facility" means any
hospital, long term care facility, home health care agency, clinic or other
institution licensed under Chapter 368v of the Connecticut General Statutes and
also facilities operated and maintained by any state agency for the care or
treatment of mentally ill persons or persons with mental retardation or
substance abuse problems.
"Health care provider" means a person who has direct or supervisory
responsibility for the delivery of health care or medical services. This shall
include but not be limited to: licensed physicians, nurse practitioners,
physician assistants, nurses, dentists, medical examiners, and administrators,
superintendents and managers of health care facilities.
(t) "Incubation period" means the time
interval between exposure to a disease organism and the appearance of the first
symptoms of the resulting disease.
(u) "Infection" means the entry and
multiplication of an infectious agent in the body of a person or animal with or
without clinical symptoms.
"Infectious agent" means a microorganism capable of producing infection with or
means the use of special precautions during the period of communicability to
prevent transmission of an infectious agent. Such special precautions may
include: physical separation of infected persons or animals from others, or
precautions such as blood precautions that do not necessarily result in
physical separation of individuals.
(x) "Laboratory" means any facility licensed,
or approved by the department in accordance with section
of the Connecticut General Statutes.
(y) "Local director of health" means and
includes the city, town, borough or district director of health and any person
legally authorized to act for the local director of health.
(z) "Medical information" means the recorded
health information on an individual who has a reportable disease or who has
symptoms of illness in the setting of an outbreak. This information includes
details of a medical history, physical examination, any laboratory test,
diagnosis, treatment, outcome and the description and sources of suspected
causative agents for such disease or illness.
(aa) "Nosocomial infection" means infections
that develop within a hospital or other health care facility or are produced by
microorganisms acquired while in a hospital or health care facility.
(bb) "Outbreak." See "epidemic."
(cc) "Quarantine" means the formal limitation
of freedom of movement of persons or animals exposed to, or suffering from a
reportable disease for a period of time not longer than either the longest
incubation period or the longest communicable period of the disease, in order
to prevent spread of the infectious agent of that disease.
(dd) "Reportable disease" means a
communicable disease, disease outbreak, or other condition of public health
significance required to be reported to the department and local health
laboratory finding" means a laboratory result suggesting the presence of a
communicable disease or other condition of public health significance required
to be reported to the department and local health directors.
(ff) "State epidemiologist" means the person
designated by the Commissioner as the person in charge of communicable disease
control for the state.
"Surveillance" means the continuing scrutiny of all aspects of occurrence and
spread of a disease relating to effective control of that disease, which may
include but not be limited to the collection and evaluation of: morbidity and
mortality reports; laboratory reports of significant findings; special reports
of field investigations of epidemics and individual cases; data concerning the
availability, use, and untoward side effects of the substances used in disease
control, such as rabies vaccine; and information regarding immunity levels in
segments of the population.
"Suspected case" means a person or animal suspected of having a particular
disease in the temporary or permanent absence of definitive clinical or
condition of public health significance" means a non-communicable disease
caused by a common source or prevalent exposure such as pesticide poisoning,
silicosis or lead poisoning.