Idaho Admin. Code r. - DEFINITIONS

Current through August 30, 2021

For the purpose of the rules contained in IDAPA 58.01.25, "Rules Regulating the Idaho Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Program," the following definitions apply. Terms not expressly defined in this section have the meaning provided by IDAPA 58.01.02, Section 010, "Water Quality Standards," or IDAPA 58.01.16, Section 010, "Wastewater Rules." (7-1-21)T

01. Animal Feeding Operation. A lot or facility (other than an aquatic animal production facility) where the following conditions are met: (7-1-21)T
a. Animals (other than aquatic animals) have been, are, or will be stabled or confined and fed or maintained for a total of forty-five (45) days or more in any twelve (12)-month period; and (7-1-21)T
b. Crops, vegetation, forage growth, or post-harvest residues are not sustained in the normal growing season over any portion of the lot or facility. (7-1-21)T
02. Applicable Standards and Limitations. All state, interstate, and federal standards and limitations to which a discharge, a sewage sludge use or disposal practice, or a related activity is subject under the Clean Water Act, including effluent limitations, water quality standards, standards of performance, toxic effluent standards or prohibitions, best management practices, pretreatment standards, and standards for sewage sludge use or disposal under the Clean Water Act sections 301, 302, 303, 304, 306, 307, 308, 402 and 405. (7-1-21)T
03. Application. The IPDES forms for applying for a permit or the EPA equivalent standard national forms when deemed acceptable by the Department, including any additions, revisions or modifications to the forms. (7-1-21)T
04. Approved Program or Approved State. A state or interstate program which has been approved or authorized by EPA under 40 CFR Part 123. (7-1-21)T
05. Aquaculture Project. A defined managed water area which uses discharges of pollutants into that designated area for the maintenance or production of harvestable freshwater, estuarine, or marine plants or animals. (7-1-21)T
06. Average Monthly Discharge Limitation. The highest allowable average of daily discharges over a calendar month, calculated as the sum of all daily discharges measured during a calendar month divided by the number of daily discharges measured during that month. (7-1-21)T
07. Average Weekly Discharge Limitation. The highest allowable average of daily discharges over a calendar week, calculated as the sum of all daily discharges measured during a calendar week divided by the number of daily discharges measured during that week. (7-1-21)T
08. Background. The biological, chemical or physical condition of waters measured at a point immediately upstream (up-gradient) of the influence of an individual point or nonpoint source discharge. If several discharges to the water exist or if an adequate upstream point of measurement is absent, the Department will determine where background conditions should be measured. (7-1-21)T
09. Best Management Practices (BMPs). Schedules of activities, prohibitions of practices, maintenance procedures, and other management practices to prevent or reduce the pollution of waters of the United States. BMPs also include treatment requirements, operating procedures, and practices to control plant site runoff, spillage or leaks, sludge or waste disposal, or drainage from raw material storage. (7-1-21)T
10. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD). The measure of the amount of oxygen necessary to satisfy the biochemical oxidation requirements of organic materials at the time the sample is collected; unless otherwise specified, this term will mean the five (5) day BOD incubated at twenty (20) degrees C. (7-1-21)T
11. Biological Monitoring or Biomonitoring. The use of a biological entity as a detector and its response as a measure to determine environmental conditions. Toxicity tests and biological surveys, including habitat monitoring, are common biomonitoring methods. (7-1-21)T
12. Bypass. The intentional diversion of wastewater from any portion of a treatment facility. (7-1-21)T
13. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). A bulk parameter that measures the oxygen-consuming capacity of organic and inorganic matter present in water or wastewater. It is expressed as the amount of oxygen consumed from a chemical oxidant in a specific test. (7-1-21)T
14. Class I Sludge Management Facility. Any POTW identified under 40 CFR 403.8(a) as being required to have an approved pretreatment program (including such POTWs where the Department has elected to assume local program responsibilities pursuant to 40 CFR 403.10(e)) and any other treatment works treating domestic sewage (TWTDS) classified as a Class I sludge management facility by the Department, because of the potential for its sludge use or disposal practices to adversely affect public health and the environment. (7-1-21)T
15. Clean Water Act. Formerly referred to as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act or Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972. Public Law 92-500, as amended by Public Law 95-217, Public Law 95-576, Public Law 96-483 and Public Law 97-117, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq. (7-1-21)T
16. Clean Water Act and Regulations. The Clean Water Act and applicable regulations promulgated thereunder. In the case of an approved IPDES program, it includes Department program requirements. (7-1-21)T
17. Compliance Schedule or Schedule of Compliance. A schedule of remedial measures included in a permit, including an enforceable sequence of interim requirements (for example, actions, operations, or milestone events) leading to compliance with the Clean Water Act and these rules. (7-1-21)T
18. Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO). Animal feeding operation that is defined as a Large CAFO in accordance with 40 CFR 122.23(b)(4), as a Medium CAFO in accordance with 40 CFR 122.23(b)(6), or that is designated as a CAFO in accordance with 40 CFR 122.23(c). Two (2) or more animal feeding operations under common ownership are considered to be a single animal feeding operation for the purposes of determining the number of animals at an operation, if they adjoin each other or if they use a common area or system for the disposal of wastes. (7-1-21)T
19. Concentrated Aquatic Animal Production (CAAP). A hatchery, fish farm, or other facility which meets the criteria in Appendix C of 40 CFR Part 122, or which the Department designates under 40 CFR 122.24(c). (7-1-21)T
20. Continuous Discharge. A discharge which occurs without interruption throughout the operating hours of the facility, except for infrequent shutdowns for maintenance, process changes, or other similar activities. (7-1-21)T
21. Daily Discharge. The discharge of a pollutant measured during a calendar day or any twenty-four (24)-hour period that reasonably represents the calendar day for purposes of sampling. For pollutants with limitations expressed in units of mass, the daily discharge is calculated as the total mass of the pollutant discharged over the day. For pollutants with limitations expressed in other units of measurement, the daily discharge is calculated as the average measurement of the pollutant over the day. (7-1-21)T
22. Department. The Idaho Department of Environmental Quality. (7-1-21)T
23. Design Flow. The average or maximum point source discharge volume per unit time that a facility or system is constructed to accommodate. (7-1-21)T
24. Direct Discharge. The discharge of a pollutant to waters of the United States. (7-1-21)T
25. Director. The Director of the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality or authorized agent. (7-1-21)T
26. Discharge Monitoring Report (DMR). The facility or activity report containing monitoring and discharge quality and quantity information and data required to be submitted periodically, as defined in the discharge permit. These reports must be submitted to the Department on a Department-approved format. (7-1-21)T
27. Discharge. When used without qualification means the discharge of a pollutant. (7-1-21)T
28. Discharge of a Pollutant. Any addition of any pollutant or combination of pollutants to waters of the United States from any point source. This definition includes additions of pollutants into waters of the United States from: surface runoff which is collected or channeled by man; discharges through pipes, sewers, or other conveyances owned by a state, municipality, or other person which do not lead to a treatment works; and discharges through pipes, sewers, or other conveyances, leading into privately owned treatment works. This term does not include an addition of pollutants by any indirect discharger. (7-1-21)T
29. Draft Permit. A document prepared under these rules indicating the Department's tentative decision to issue or deny, modify, revoke and reissue, terminate, or reissue a permit. A notice of intent to terminate a permit, and a notice of intent to deny a permit, as discussed in Subsections 107.01 and 203.02, are types of draft permits. A denial of a request for modification, revocation and reissuance, or termination, as discussed in Subsection 201.01, is not a draft permit. A proposed permit is not a draft permit. (7-1-21)T
30. Effluent. Any discharge of treated or untreated pollutants into waters of the United States. (7-1-21)T
31. Effluent Limitation. Any restriction imposed by the Department on quantities, discharge rates, and concentrations of pollutants which are discharged from point sources into waters of the United States, in accordance with these rules and the Clean Water Act. (7-1-21)T
32. Effluent Limitations Guidelines. A regulation published by the EPA under the Clean Water Act section 304(b) to adopt or revise effluent limitations. (7-1-21)T
33. Electronic Signature. Information in digital form that is included in or associated with an electronic document for the purpose of expressing the same meaning and intention as would a handwritten signature. (7-1-21)T
34. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The United States Environmental Protection Agency. (7-1-21)T
35. Equivalent Dwelling Unit (EDU). A measure where one (1) EDU is equivalent to wastewater generated from one (1) single-family residence. For the purposes of assessing fees associated with publicly or privately owned domestic sewage treatment, the number of EDUs is calculated as the population served divided by the average household size as defined in the most recent Census Bureau data (for that municipality, county, or average number of persons per household for the state of Idaho). For fees associated with industrial wastewater treatment owned by a municipality, EDUs are calculated in accordance with the definition of EDU in IDAPA 58.01.16, Section 010, "Wastewater Rules." (7-1-21)T
36. Existing Source. Any source which is not a new source or a new discharger. (7-1-21)T
37. Facilities or Equipment. Buildings, structures, process or production equipment or machinery which form a permanent part of the new source and which will be used in its operation, if these facilities or equipment are of such value as to represent a substantial commitment to construct. It excludes facilities or equipment used in connection with feasibility, engineering, and design studies regarding the source or water pollution treatment for the source. (7-1-21)T
38. Facility or Activity. Any point source or any other facility or activity (including land or appurtenances thereto) that is subject to regulation under the IPDES program. (7-1-21)T
39. Fundamentally Different Factors. The factors relating to a discharger's facilities, equipment, processes or other factors related to the discharger are fundamentally different from the factors considered by EPA in development of the national effluent limits. (7-1-21)T
40. General Permit. An IPDES permit issued under Section 130 (General Permits) authorizing a category of discharges within a geographical area. (7-1-21)T
41. Hazardous Substance. Any substance designated under 40 CFR Part 116 pursuant to the Clean Water Act section 311. (7-1-21)T
42. Idaho Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (IPDES). Idaho's program for issuing, modifying, revoking and reissuing, terminating, monitoring and enforcing permits, and imposing and enforcing pretreatment requirements, under these rules and the Clean Water Act sections 307, 402, 318, and 405. (7-1-21)T
43. Indian Country. (7-1-21)T
a. All land within the limits of any Indian reservation under the jurisdiction of the United States Government, notwithstanding the issuance of any patent, and, including rights-of-way running through the reservation; (7-1-21)T
b. All dependent Indian communities within the borders of the United States, whether within the originally or subsequently acquired territory thereof, and whether within or without the limits of the state; and (7-1-21)T
c. All Indian allotments, the Indian titles to which have not been extinguished including rights-of-way running through the same. (7-1-21)T
44. Indian Tribe. Any Indian tribe, band, group, or community recognized by the Secretary of the Interior and exercising governmental authority over a federal Indian reservation. (7-1-21)T
45. Indirect Discharger. A nondomestic discharger introducing pollutants to a privately or publicly owned treatment works. (7-1-21)T
46. Industrial Wastewater. Any waste, together with such water as is present that is the by-product of industrial processes including, but not limited to, food processing or food washing wastewater (see Process Wastewater). (7-1-21)T
47. Infiltration. Water other than wastewater that enters a sewer system (including sewer service connections and foundation drains) from the ground through such means as defective pipes, pipe joints, connections, or manholes. Infiltration does not include, and is distinguished from, inflow. (7-1-21)T
48. Inflow. Water other than wastewater that enters a sewer system (including sewer service connections) from sources such as, but not limited to, roof leaders, cellar drains, yard drains, area drains, drains from springs and swampy areas, manhole covers, cross connections between storm sewers and sanitary sewers, catch basins, cooling towers, storm waters, surface runoff, street wash waters, or drainage. Inflow does not include, and is distinguished from, infiltration. (7-1-21)T
49. Interstate Agency. An agency of two (2) or more states established by or under an agreement or compact, or any other agency of two (2) or more states having substantial powers or duties pertaining to the control of pollution. (7-1-21)T
50. Load Allocation (LA). The portion of a receiving water body's loading capacity that is attributed either to one (1) of its existing or future nonpoint sources of pollution or to natural background sources. (7-1-21)T
51. Major Facility. A facility or activity that is: (7-1-21)T
a. A publicly or privately owned treatment works with a design flow equal to or greater than one million gallons per day (1 MGD), or serves a population of ten thousand (10,000) or more, or causes significant water quality impacts; or (7-1-21)T
b. A non-municipal facility that equals or exceeds the eighty (80) point accumulation as described in the Score Summary of the NPDES Non-Municipal Permit Rating Work Sheet (June 27, 1990) or the Department equivalent guidance document. (7-1-21)T
52. Maximum Daily Discharge Limitation. The highest allowable daily discharge. (7-1-21)T
53. Maximum Daily Flow. The largest volume of flow to be discharged during a continuous twenty-four-hour period expressed as a volume per unit time. (7-1-21)T
54. Mixing Zone. A defined area or volume of the receiving water surrounding or adjacent to a wastewater discharge where the receiving water, as a result of the discharge, may not meet all applicable water quality criteria or standards. It is considered a place where wastewater mixes with receiving water and not as a place where effluents are treated. (7-1-21)T
55. Municipality. A city, town, county, district, association, or other public body created by or under state law and having jurisdiction over disposal of sewage, industrial wastes, or other wastes, or an Indian tribe or an authorized Indian tribal organization, or a designated and approved management agency under the Clean Water Act section 208. (7-1-21)T
56. National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES). The national program for issuing, modifying, revoking and reissuing, terminating, monitoring and enforcing permits, and imposing and enforcing pretreatment requirements, under the Clean Water Act sections 307, 402, 318, and 405. (7-1-21)T
57. New Discharger. Any building, structure, facility, or installation: (7-1-21)T
a. From which there is or may be a discharge of pollutants; (7-1-21)T
b. That did not commence the discharge of pollutants at a particular site prior to August 13, 1979; (7-1-21)T
c. Which is not a new source; and (7-1-21)T
d. Which has never received a finally effective NPDES or IPDES permit for discharges at that site. (7-1-21)T
e. This definition includes an indirect discharger which commences discharging into waters of the United States after August 13, 1979. It also includes any existing mobile point source such as an aggregate plant, that begins discharging at a site for which it does not have a permit; (7-1-21)T
58. New Source. Any building, structure, facility, or installation from which there is or may be a discharge of pollutants, the construction of which commenced: (7-1-21)T
a. After promulgation of standards of performance under the Clean Water Act section 306 which are applicable to such source; or (7-1-21)T
b. After proposal of standards of performance in accordance with the Clean Water Act section 306 which are applicable to such source, but only if the standards are promulgated in accordance with section 306 within one hundred twenty (120) days of their proposal. (7-1-21)T
59. Notice of Intent to Deny. A type of draft permit that shall convey to a permit applicant or permittee, the Department's intent to not issue or renew an IPDES permit. (7-1-21)T
60. Notice of Intent to Obtain Coverage under an IPDES General Permit. An applicant seeking discharge coverage under an IPDES general permit shall submit a notice of intent to obtain coverage for discharges to waters of the United States under general permit classifications, including, but not limited to: (7-1-21)T
a. Storm Water Construction General Permit (CGP); (7-1-21)T
b. Multi-Sector General Permit (MSGP) for Industrial Storm Water Requirements; (7-1-21)T
c. Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) General Permit; (7-1-21)T
d. Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) General Permit; (7-1-21)T
e. Concentrated Aquatic Animal Production (CAAP) Facility General Permit; (7-1-21)T
f. Ground Water Remediation General Permit; (7-1-21)T
g. Suction Dredge General Permit; or (7-1-21)T
h. Pesticide General Permit (PGP). (7-1-21)T
61. Notice of Intent to Terminate. A notice of intent to terminate shall: (7-1-21)T
a. Convey to a permittee the Department's intent to terminate an existing IPDES permit for cause; or (7-1-21)T
b. Convey to the Department a permittee's intent to terminate coverage for an activity under an Individual or General Permit. A construction general permit holder is obligated to submit a notice of intent to terminate upon completion of construction activities and, in the case of storm water control, that final stabilization has been achieved. (7-1-21)T
62. Owner or Operator. The person, company, corporation, district, association, or other organizational entity that is an owner or operator of any facility or activity subject to regulation under the IPDES program. (7-1-21)T
63. Pesticide Discharges. The discharges that result from the application of biological pesticides, and the application of chemical pesticides that leave a residue, from point sources to waters of the United States. In the context of this definition of pesticide discharges, this does not include agricultural storm water discharges and return flows from irrigated agriculture, which are excluded by law (33 U.S.C. 1342(l); 33 U.S.C. 1362(14)). (7-1-21)T
64. Pesticide Residue. For the purpose of determining whether an IPDES permit is needed for discharges to waters of the United States from pesticide application, means that portion of a pesticide application that is discharged from a point source to waters of the United States and no longer provides pesticidal benefits. It also includes any degradates of the pesticide. (7-1-21)T
65. Permit. The authorization, license, or equivalent control document issued by the Department to implement the requirements of these rules. This does not include any permit which has not yet been the subject of final Department action, such as a draft permit or a proposed permit. (7-1-21)T
66. Person. An individual, public or private corporation, partnership, association, firm, joint stock company, joint venture, trust, estate, state, municipality, commission, political subdivision of the state, state or federal agency, department or instrumentality, special district, interstate body or any legal entity, or an agent or employee thereof, which is recognized by law as the subject of rights and duties. (7-1-21)T
67. Point Source. Any discernible, confined, and discrete conveyance, including but not limited to, any pipe, ditch, channel, tunnel, conduit, well, discrete fissure, container, rolling stock, concentrated animal feeding operation, landfill leachate collection system, vessel or other floating craft from which pollutants are or may be discharged. This term does not include return flows from irrigated agriculture or agricultural storm water runoff. (7-1-21)T
68. Pollutant. Dredged spoil, solid waste, incinerator residue, filter backwash, sewage, garbage, sewage sludge, munitions, chemical wastes, biological materials, radioactive materials (except those regulated under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.)), heat, wrecked or discarded equipment, rock, sand, cellar dirt and industrial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharged into water. It does not mean: (7-1-21)T
a. Sewage from vessels; or (7-1-21)T
b. Water, gas, or other material which is injected into a well to facilitate production of oil or gas, or water derived in association with oil and gas production and disposed of in a well, if the well used either to facilitate production or for disposal purposes is approved by authority of the state in which the well is located, and if the state determines that the injection or disposal will not result in the degradation of ground or surface water resources. NOTE: Radioactive materials covered by the Atomic Energy Act are those encompassed in its definition of source, byproduct, or special nuclear materials. Examples of materials not covered include radium and accelerator-produced isotopes. See Train v. Colorado Public Interest Research Group, Inc., 426 U.S. 1 (1976). (7-1-21)T
69. Potable Water. Water which is free from impurities in such amounts that it is safe for human consumption without treatment. (7-1-21)T
70. Pretreatment. The reduction of the amount of pollutants, the elimination of pollutants, or the alteration of the nature of pollutant properties in wastewater prior to or in lieu of discharging or otherwise introducing such pollutants into a POTW. The reduction or alteration may be obtained by physical, chemical or biological processes, process changes or by other means, except as prohibited by 40 CFR 403.6(d). Appropriate pretreatment technology includes control equipment, such as equalization tanks or facilities, for protection against surges or slug loadings that might interfere with or otherwise be incompatible with the POTW. However, where wastewater from a regulated process is mixed in an equalization facility with unregulated wastewater or with wastewater from another regulated process, the effluent from the equalization facility must meet an adjusted pretreatment limit calculated in accordance with 40 CFR 403.6(e). (7-1-21)T
71. Primary Industry Category. Any industry category listed in Appendix A of 40 CFR Part 122. (7-1-21)T
72. Privately Owned Treatment Works. Any device or system which is used to treat wastes and is not a Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW). (7-1-21)T
73. Process Wastewater. Any water which, during manufacturing or processing, comes into direct contact with or results from the production or use of any raw material, intermediate product, finished product, byproduct, or waste product (see Industrial Wastewater definition). (7-1-21)T
74. Proposed Permit. An IPDES permit prepared after the close of the public comment period (and, when applicable, any public meeting and administrative appeals) which is sent to EPA for review before final issuance by the Department. A proposed permit is not a draft permit. (7-1-21)T
75. Proposed Settlement of a State Enforcement Action. A Department consent order or compliance agreement schedule issued in response to a notice of violation that is to be signed by the Director. This does not include amendments or extensions of consent orders or compliance agreement schedules. (7-1-21)T
76. Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTW). A treatment works as defined by the Clean Water Act section 212, which is owned by a state or municipality, as defined by the Clean Water Act section 502(4). This definition includes any devices and systems used in the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage or industrial wastes of a liquid nature. It also includes sewers, pipes and other conveyances only if they convey wastewater to a POTW treatment plant. The term also means the municipality as defined in the Clean Water Act section 502(4), which has jurisdiction over the indirect discharges to and the discharges from such a treatment works. (7-1-21)T
77. Receiving Waters. Those waters of the United States to which there is a discharge of pollutants. (7-1-21)T
78. Recommencing Discharger. A source which renews discharges after terminating operations. (7-1-21)T
79. Regional Administrator. The Region 10 Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency or the authorized representative of the Regional Administrator. (7-1-21)T
80. Secondary Industry Category. Any industry category which is not a primary industry category. (7-1-21)T
81. Secondary Treatment. Technology-based requirements for direct discharging POTWs, based on the expected performance of a combination of physical and biological processes typical for the treatment of pollutants in municipal sewage. Standards are expressed as a minimum level of effluent quality in terms of: BOD5, total suspended solids (TSS), and pH (except as provided by treatment equivalent to secondary treatment and other special considerations). (7-1-21)T
82. Secretary. The Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of Engineers. (7-1-21)T
83. Septage. The liquid and solid material pumped from a septic tank, cesspool, or similar domestic sewage treatment system, or a holding tank when the system is cleaned or maintained. (7-1-21)T
84. Severe Property Damage. Substantial physical damage to property, damage to the treatment facilities which causes them to become inoperable, or substantial and permanent loss of natural resources which can reasonably be expected to occur in the absence of a bypass. Severe property damage does not mean economic loss caused by delays in production. (7-1-21)T
85. Sewage. The water-carried human or animal waste from residences, buildings, industrial establishments or other places, together with such ground water infiltration and surface water as may be present. (7-1-21)T
86. Sewage from Vessels. Human body wastes and the wastes from toilets and other receptacles intended to receive or retain body wastes that are discharged from vessels and regulated under the Clean Water Act section 312. (7-1-21)T
87. Sewage Sludge. Any solid, semi-solid, or liquid residue removed during the treatment of municipal wastewater or domestic sewage. Sewage sludge includes, but is not limited to, solids removed during primary, secondary, or advanced wastewater treatment, scum, septage, portable toilet pumpings, type III marine sanitation device pumpings (33 CFR Part 159), and sewage sludge products. Sewage sludge does not include grit or screenings, or ash generated during the incineration of sewage sludge. (7-1-21)T
88. Sewage Sludge Use or Disposal Practice. The collection, storage, treatment, transportation, processing, monitoring, use, or disposal of sewage sludge. (7-1-21)T
89. Significant Industrial User. (7-1-21)T
a. All industrial users subject to Categorical Pretreatment Standards under 40 CFR 403.6 and 40 CFR Parts 400 through 471; and (7-1-21)T
b. Any other industrial user that: (7-1-21)T
i. Discharges an average of twenty-five thousand (25,000) gallons per day or more of process wastewater to the POTW (excluding sanitary, noncontact cooling and boiler blowdown wastewater); (7-1-21)T
ii. Contributes a process waste stream which makes up five percent (5%) or more of the average dry weather hydraulic or organic capacity of the POTW treatment plant; or (7-1-21)T
iii. Is designated as such by the Control Authority on the basis that the industrial user has a reasonable potential for adversely affecting the POTW's operation or for violating any Pretreatment Standard or requirement (in accordance with 40 CFR 403.8(f)(6)). (7-1-21)T
90. Silvicultural Point Source. Any discernible, confined, and discrete conveyance related to rock crushing, gravel washing, log sorting, or log storage facilities which are operated in connection with silvicultural activities and from which pollutants are discharged into waters of the United States. The term does not include nonpoint source silvicultural activities such as nursery operations, site preparation, reforestation and subsequent cultural treatment, thinning, prescribed burning, pest and fire control, harvesting operations, surface drainage, or road construction and maintenance from which there is natural runoff. However, some of these activities (such as stream crossing for roads) may involve point source discharges of dredged or fill material which may require a Clean Water Act section 404 permit. (7-1-21)T
91. Site. The land or water area where any facility or activity is physically located or conducted, including adjacent land used in connection with the facility or activity. (7-1-21)T
92. Sludge. The semi-liquid mass produced and removed by the wastewater treatment process. (7-1-21)T
93. Sludge-Only Facility. Any TWTDS whose methods of sewage sludge use or disposal are subject to regulations promulgated pursuant to the Clean Water Act section 405(d) and is required to obtain an IPDES permit. (7-1-21)T
94. Source. Any building, structure, facility, or installation from which there is or may be discharge of pollutants. (7-1-21)T
95. Standards for Sewage Sludge Use or Disposal. Regulations promulgated pursuant to the Clean Water Act section 405(d) and these rules which govern minimum requirements for sewage sludge quality, management practices, and monitoring and reporting applicable to sewage sludge or the use or disposal of sewage sludge by any person. (7-1-21)T
96. State. The state of Idaho. (7-1-21)T
97. State/EPA Agreement. An agreement between the EPA Regional Administrator and the state of Idaho which coordinates EPA and Department activities, responsibilities and programs including those under the Clean Water Act programs. (7-1-21)T
98. Storm Water. Storm water runoff, snow melt runoff, and surface runoff and drainage. (7-1-21)T
99. Technology-Based Effluent Limitation (TBEL). Treatment requirements under the Clean Water Act that represent the minimum level of control that must be imposed in a permit issued under section 402 of the Clean Water Act. (7-1-21)T
100. Total Dissolved Solids. The total dissolved (filterable) solids as determined by use of the method specified in 40 CFR Part 136. (7-1-21)T
101. Toxic Pollutant. Any substance, material or disease-causing agent, or a combination thereof, which after discharge to waters of the United States and upon exposure, ingestion, inhalation, or assimilation into any organism (including humans), either directly from the environment or indirectly by ingestion through food chains, will cause death, disease, behavioral abnormalities, malignancy, genetic mutation, physiological abnormalities (including malfunctions in reproduction) or physical deformations in affected organisms or their offspring. Toxic pollutants include, but are not limited to, the one hundred twenty-six (126) priority pollutants identified by EPA pursuant to the Clean Water Act section 307(a), or in the case of sewage sludge use or disposal practices, any pollutant identified in regulations implementing the Clean Water Act section 405(d). (7-1-21)T
102. Treatment. A process or activity conducted for the purpose of removing pollutants from wastewater. (7-1-21)T
103. Treatment Facility. Any physical facility or land area for the purpose of collecting, treating, neutralizing, or stabilizing pollutants including treatment plants; the necessary collecting, intercepting, outfall and outlet sewers; pumping stations integral to such plants or sewers; disposal or reuse facilities; equipment and furnishing thereof; and their appurtenances. For the purpose of these rules, a treatment facility may also be known as a treatment system, a wastewater system, wastewater treatment system, wastewater treatment facility, wastewater treatment plant, or privately or publicly owned treatment works. (7-1-21)T
104. Treatment Works Treating Domestic Sewage (TWTDS). A POTW or any other sewage sludge or waste water treatment devices or systems, regardless of ownership (including federal facilities), used in the storage, treatment, recycling, and reclamation of municipal or domestic sewage, including land dedicated for the disposal of sewage sludge. This definition does not include septic tanks or similar devices. For purposes of this definition, domestic sewage includes waste and waste water from humans or household operations that are discharged to or otherwise enter a treatment works. (7-1-21)T
105. Upset. An exceptional incident in which there is unintentional and temporary noncompliance with technology-based permit effluent limitations because of factors beyond the reasonable control of the permittee. An upset does not include noncompliance to the extent caused by operational error, improperly designed treatment facilities, inadequate treatment facilities, lack of preventive maintenance, or careless or improper operation. (7-1-21)T
106. User. Any person served by a wastewater system. (7-1-21)T
107. Variance. Any mechanism or provision under the Clean Water Act section 301 or 316 or under 40 CFR Part 125, or in the applicable effluent limitations guidelines allowing modification to or waiver of the generally applicable effluent limitation requirements or time deadlines of the Clean Water Act. This includes provisions which allow the establishment of alternative limitations based on fundamentally different factors or on Clean Water Act sections 301(c), 301(g), 301(h), 301(i), or 316(a). (7-1-21)T
108. Wasteload Allocation (WLA). The portion of a receiving water's loading capacity that is allocated to one (1) of its existing or future point sources of pollution. (7-1-21)T
109. Wastewater. Any combination of liquid or water and pollutants from activities and processes occurring in dwellings, commercial buildings, industrial plants, institutions and other establishments, together with any ground water, surface water, and storm water that may be present; liquid or water that is chemically, biologically, physically or rationally identifiable as containing blackwater, gray water or commercial or industrial pollutants; and sewage. (7-1-21)T
110. Water Pollution. Any alteration of the physical, thermal, chemical, biological, or radioactive properties of any waters of the United States, or the discharge of any pollutant into the waters of the United States, which will or is likely to create a nuisance or to render such waters harmful, detrimental or injurious to public health, safety or welfare, or to fish and wildlife, or to domestic, commercial, industrial, recreational, aesthetic, or other beneficial uses. (7-1-21)T
111. Water Quality-Based Effluent Limitation (WQBEL). An effluent limitation determined by selecting the most stringent of the effluent limits calculated using all applicable water quality criteria (e.g., aquatic life, human health, wildlife, translation of narrative criteria) for a specific point source to a specific receiving water. (7-1-21)T
112. Water Transfer. An activity that conveys or connects waters of the United States without subjecting the transferred water to intervening industrial, municipal, or commercial use. (7-1-21)T
113. Wetlands. Areas inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions. Wetlands generally include swamps, marshes, bogs, and similar areas. (7-1-21)T
114. Whole Effluent Toxicity. The aggregate toxic effect of an effluent measured directly by a toxicity test. (7-1-21)T


Idaho Admin. Code r.

The following state regulations pages link to this page.

State regulations are updated quarterly; we currently have two versions available. Below is a comparison between our most recent version and the prior quarterly release. More comparison features will be added as we have more versions to compare.