Ill. Admin. Code tit. 35, § 302.208 - Numeric Standards for Chemical Constituents

Current through Register Vol. 45, No. 52, December 27, 2021

a) The acute standard (AS) for the chemical constituents listed in subsection (e) shall not be exceeded at any time except for those waters for which a zone of initial dilution (ZID) has been approved by the Agency pursuant to Section 302.102.
b) The chronic standard (CS) for the chemical constituents listed in subsection (e) shall not be exceeded by the arithmetic average of at least four consecutive samples collected over any period of at least four days, except for those waters in which the Agency has approved a mixing zone or in which mixing is allowed pursuant to Section 302.102. The samples used to demonstrate attainment or lack of attainment with a CS must be collected in a manner that assures an average representative of the sampling period. For the chemical constituents that have water quality based standards dependent upon hardness, the chronic water quality standard will be calculated according to subsection (e) using the hardness of the water body at the time the sample was collected. To calculate attainment status of chronic standards, the concentration of the chemical constituent in each sample is divided by the calculated water quality standard for the sample to determine a quotient. The water quality standard is attained if the mean of the sample quotients is less than or equal to one for the duration of the averaging period.
c) The human health standard (HHS) for the chemical constituents listed in subsection (f) shall not be exceeded when the stream flow is at or above the harmonic mean flow pursuant to Section 302.658 nor shall an annual average, based on at least eight samples, collected in a manner representative of the sampling period, exceed the HHS except for those waters in which the Agency has approved a mixing zone or in which mixing is allowed pursuant to Section 302.102.
d) The standard for the chemical constituents of subsections (g) and (h) shall not be exceeded at any time except for those waters in which the Agency has approved a mixing zone or in which mixing is allowed pursuant to Section 302.102.
e) Numeric Water Quality Standards for the Protection of Aquatic Organisms

Constituent

AS (µg/L)

CS (µg/L)

Arsenic (trivalent, dissolved)

360 x 1.0* = 360

190 x 1.0* = 190

Boron (total)

40,100

7,600

Cadmium (dissolved)

Image

Image*

ImageImage*

where A = -2.918 and

B = 1.128

where A = -3.490 and

B = 0.7852

Chromium (hexavalent, total)

16

11

Chromium (trivalent, dissolved)

Image

where A = 3.688 and

B = 0.8190

Image

where A = 1.561 and

B = 0.8190

Copper (dissolved)

Image

where A = -1.464 and

B = 0.9422

Image

where A = -1.465 and

B = 0.8545

Cyanide**

22

5.2

Fluoride (total)

Image

Image, but shall not exceed 4.0 mg/L

where A = 6.7319 and

B = 0.5394

where A = 6.0445 and

B = 0.5394

Lead (dissolved)

Image

Image

where A = -1.301 and

B = 1.273

where A = -2.863 and

B = 1.273

Manganese (dissolved)

Image0.9812*

Image0.9812*

where A = 4.9187 and

B = 0.7467

where A = 4.0635 and

B = 0.7467

Mercury (dissolved)

2.6 x 0.85* = 2.2

1.3 x 0.85* = 1.1

Nickel (dissolved)

Image

Image

where A = 0.5173 and

B = 0.8460

where A = -2.286 and

B = 0.8460

TRC

19

11

Zinc (dissolved)

Image

Image

where A = 0.9035 and

B = 0.8473

where A = -0.4456 and B = 0.8473

Benzene

4200

860

Ethylbenzene

150

14

Toluene

2000

600

Xylene(s)

920

360

where:

µg/L

=

microgram per liter

ex

=

base of natural logarithms raised to the x-power

ln(H)

=

natural logarithm of Hardness

*

=

conversion factor multiplier for dissolved metals

**

=

standard to be evaluated using either of the following USEPA approved methods, incorporated by reference at 35 Ill. Adm. Code 301.106: Method OIA-1677, DW: Available Cyanide by Flow Injection, Ligand Exchange, and Amperometry, January 2004, Document Number EPA-821-R-04-001 or Cyanide Amenable to Chlorination, Standard Methods 4500-CN-G ( 40 CFR 136.3 )

f) Numeric Water Quality Standard for the Protection of Human Health

Constituent

(µg/L)

Mercury (total)

0.012

Benzene

310

where:

µg/L

=

micrograms per liter

g) Single-value standards apply at the following concentrations for these substances:

Constituent

Unit

Standard

Barium (total)

mg/L

5.0

Chloride (total)

mg/L

500

Iron (dissolved)

mg/L

01046

1.0

Phenols

mg/L

0.1

Selenium (total)

mg/L

1.0

Silver (total)

µg/L

5.0

where:

mg/L

=

milligram per liter and

µg/L

=

microgram per liter

h) Water quality standards for sulfate are as follows:
1) At any point where water is withdrawn or accessed for purposes of livestock watering, the average of sulfate concentrations must not exceed 2,000 mg/L when measured at a representative frequency over a 30 day period.
2) The results of the following equations provide sulfate water quality standards in mg/L for the specified ranges of hardness (in mg/L as CaCO3) and chloride (in mg/L) and must be met at all times:
A) If the hardness concentration of receiving waters is greater than or equal to 100 mg/L but less than or equal to 500 mg/L, and if the chloride concentration of waters is greater than or equal to 25 mg/L but less than or equal to 500 mg/L, then:

C = [1276.7 + 5.508 (hardness) - 1.457 (chloride)] * 0.65

where:

C = sulfate concentration

B) If the hardness concentration of waters is greater than or equal to 100 mg/L but less than or equal to 500 mg/L, and if the chloride concentration of waters is greater than or equal to 5 mg/L but less than 25 mg/L, then:

C = [-57.478 + 5.79 (hardness) + 54.163 (chloride)] * 0.65

where:

C = sulfate concentration

3) The following sulfate standards must be met at all times when hardness (in mg/L as CaCO3) and chloride (in mg/L) concentrations other than specified in (h)(2) are present:
A) If the hardness concentration of waters is less than 100 mg/L or chloride concentration of waters is less than 5 mg/L, the sulfate standard is 500 mg/L.
B) If the hardness concentration of waters is greater than 500 mg/L and the chloride concentration of waters is 5 mg/L or greater, the sulfate standard is 2,000 mg/L.
C) If the combination of hardness and chloride concentrations of existing waters are not reflected in subsection (h)(3)(A) or (B), the sulfate standard may be determined in a site-specific rulemaking pursuant to section 303(c) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 (Clean Water Act), 33 USC 1313, and Federal Regulations at 40 CFR 131.10(j)(2).

Notes

Ill. Admin. Code tit. 35, § 302.208

Amended at 37 Ill. Reg. 7493, effective May 16, 2013

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