327 IAC 15-6-7 - General requirements for a storm water pollution prevention plan (SWP3)

Current through March 30, 2022

Authority: IC 13-14-8; IC 13-15-1-2; IC 13-15-2; IC 13-18-3; IC 13-18-4

Affected: IC 13-12-3-1; IC 13-18-1

Sec. 7.

(a) The person having financial responsibility or operational control for a facility regulated under this rule shall develop implement, update, and maintain a SWP3 that:
(1) identifies potential sources of pollution that may reasonably be expected to affect the quality of storm water discharges exposed to industrial activity from the facility;
(2) describes practices and measures to be used in reducing the potential for pollutants to be exposed to storm water;
(3) assures compliance with the terms and conditions of this rule;
(4) lists, by position title, the member or members of a facility storm water pollution prevention team, who will be responsible for developing the storm water pollution prevention plan and assisting the facility or plant manager in its implementation, maintenance, and revision; and
(5) clearly identifies the responsibilities of each storm water pollution prevention team member.
(b) The SWP3 must include a map and description of all areas of the facility that generate storm water discharges exposed to industrial activity and have a reasonable potential for storm water to be exposed to pollutants. At a minimum, the plan shall contain the following:
(1) A copy of the complete NOI letter.
(2) A soils map indicating the types of soils found on the facility property and showing the boundaries of the facility property outlined in a contrasting color. If a facility's property only has impervious surfaces, the soils map requirement can be omitted.
(3) A graphical representation, such as aerial photographs or site layout maps, drawn to an appropriate scale, which contains a legend and compass coordinates, indicating, at a minimum, the following:
(A) All on-site storm water drainage and discharge conveyances, which may include pipes, ditches, swales, and erosion channels, related to a storm water discharge.
(B) Known adjacent property drainage and discharge conveyances, if directly associated with run-off from the facility.
(C) All on-site and known adjacent property waterbodies, including wetlands and springs.
(D) An outline of the drainage area for each storm water outfall.
(E) An outline of the facility property indicating directional flows, via arrows, of surface drainage patterns.
(F) An outline of impervious surfaces, which includes pavement and buildings, and an estimate of the impervious and pervious surface square footage for each drainage area placed in a map legend.
(G) On-site injection wells, as applicable.
(H) On-site wells used as potable water sources, as applicable.
(I) All existing structural control measures to reduce pollutants in storm water run-off.
(J) All existing and historical underground or aboveground storage tank locations, as applicable.
(K) All permanently designated plowed or dumped snow storage locations.
(L) All loading and unloading areas for solid and liquid bulk materials.
(M) All existing and historical outdoor storage areas for raw materials, intermediary products, final products, and waste materials.
(N) All existing or historical outdoor storage areas for fuels, processing equipment, and other containerized materials, for example, in drums and totes.
(O) Outdoor processing areas.
(P) Dust or particulate generating process areas.
(Q) Outdoor waste storage or disposal areas.
(R) Pesticide or herbicide application areas.
(S) Vehicular access roads. The on-site mapping of items listed in clauses (J) through (S) is required only in those areas that generate storm water discharges exposed to industrial activity and have a reasonable potential for storm water exposure to pollutants. The mapping of historical locations is only required if the historical locations have a reasonable potential for storm water exposure to historical pollutants.
(4) An area map that indicates:
(A) the topographic relief or similar elevations to determine surface drainage patterns;
(B) the facility boundaries outlined in a contrasting color;
(C) all receiving waters; and
(D) all known drinking water wells;

and includes, at a minimum, the features in clauses (A), (C), and (D) within a one-fourth (ΒΌ) mile radius beyond the property boundaries of the facility. This map must be to scale and include legend and compass coordinates.

(5) A narrative description of areas that generate storm water discharges exposed to industrial activity and have a reasonable potential for storm water exposure to pollutants, including descriptions for any existing or historical areas listed in subdivision (3)(J) through (3)(S), and any other areas thought to generate storm water discharges exposed to industrial activity and be a reasonable potential source of storm water exposure to pollutants. The narrative descriptions for each identified area must include the following:
(A) Type and typical quantity of materials present in the area.
(B) Methods of storage, including presence of any secondary containment measures.
(C) Any remedial actions undertaken in the area to eliminate pollutant sources or exposure of storm water to those sources. If a corrective action plan was developed, the type of remedial action and plan date shall be referenced.
(D) Any significant release or spill history dating back a period of three (3) years from the date of the initial NOI letter, in the identified area, for materials spilled outside of secondary containment structures and impervious surfaces in excess of their reportable quantity, including the following:
(i) The date and type of material released or spilled.
(ii) The estimated volume released or spilled.
(iii) A description of the remedial actions undertaken, including disposal or treatment. Depending on the adequacy or completeness of the remedial actions, the spill history shall be used to determine additional pollutant sources that may be exposed to storm water. In subsequent permit terms, the history shall date back for a period of five (5) years from the date of the NOI letter.
(E) Where the chemicals or materials have the potential to be exposed to storm water discharges, the descriptions for each identified area must include a risk identification analysis of chemicals or materials stored or used within the area. The analysis must include the following:
(i) Toxicity data of chemicals or materials used within the area, referencing appropriate material safety data sheet information locations.
(ii) The frequency and typical quantity of listed chemicals or materials to be stored within the area.
(iii) Potential ways in which storm water discharges may be exposed to listed chemicals and materials.
(iv) The likelihood of the listed chemicals and materials to come into contact with storm water.
(6) A narrative description of existing and planned management practices and measures to improve the quality of storm water run-off entering a water of the state. Descriptions must be created for existing or historical areas listed in subdivision (3)(J) through (3)(S) and any other areas thought to generate storm water discharges exposed to industrial activity and be a potential source of storm water exposure to pollutants. The description must include the following:
(A) Any existing or planned structural and nonstructural control practices and measures.
(B) Any treatment the storm water receives prior to leaving the facility property or entering a water of the state.
(C) The ultimate disposal of any solid or fluid wastes collected in structural control measures other than by discharge.
(7) If applicable, the specific control practices and measures for potential pollutant source areas must include the following:
(A) Identification of areas that, due to topography, activities, or other factors, have a high potential for significant soil erosion and identify and implement measures to limit erosion.
(B) A plan to cover, or otherwise reduce the potential for pollutants in storm water discharge from, deicing salt and sand or other commercial or industrial material storage piles, except for exposure resulting from the addition or removal of materials from the pile. For piles that do not have the potential for polluting storm water run-off, the plan needs to provide the basis for determining no exposure potential. The plan must be included in the SWP3.
(C) Storage piles of sand and salt or other commercial or industrial materials must be stored in a manner to reduce the potential for polluted storm water run-off and in accordance with the plan required under clause (B).
(8) Information or other documentation required under subsection (d).
(9) The results of monitoring required in section 7.3 of this rule. The monitoring data must include completed field data sheets, chain-of-custody forms, and laboratory results. If the monitoring data is not placed into the facility's SWP3, the on-site location for storage of the information must be referenced in the SWP3. As two (2) or more sample monitoring events are completed, the laboratory results must be compared to indicate water quality improvements in the run-off from the facility. If the parameters and sample type are identical, historical storm water monitoring data at each discharge out fall identified in section 5(4) of this rule, or representative discharge outfall identified in section 5(5) of this rule, can be used in the comparison to provide data that is more reflective of initial water quality conditions.
(10) A mapped or narrative description of any such management practice or measure pursuant to subsection (c)(4) must be added to the SWP3.
(c) For areas of the facility that generate storm water discharges and have a reasonable potential for storm water exposure to pollutants, storm water exposure to pollutants must be minimized. To ensure this reduction, the following practices and measures must be planned and implemented:
(1) A written preventative maintenance program, including the following:
(A) Implementation of good housekeeping practices to ensure the facility will be operated in a clean and orderly manner and that pollutants will not have the potential to be exposed to storm water via vehicular tracking or other means.
(B) Maintenance of storm water management measures, for example, catch basins or the cleaning of oil or water separators. All maintenance must be documented and either contained in, or have the on-site record keeping location referenced in, the SWP3.
(C) Inspection and testing of facility equipment and systems that are in areas of the facility that generate storm water discharges and have a reasonable potential for storm water exposure to pollutants to ensure appropriate maintenance of such equipment and systems and to uncover conditions that could cause breakdowns or failures resulting in discharges of pollutants to surface waters.
(D) At a minimum, quarterly inspections of the storm water management measures and storm water run-off conveyances. Inspections must be documented and either contained in, or have the on-site record keeping location referenced in, the SWP3.
(E) An employee training program to inform personnel at all levels of responsibility that have the potential to engage in industrial activities that impact storm water quality of the components and goals of the SWP3. Training must occur at a minimum annually and should address topics such as spill response, good housekeeping, and material management practices. All employee training sessions, including relevant storm water topics discussed and a roster of attendees, must be documented and either contained in, or have the on-site record keeping location referenced in, the SWP3.
(2) A written spill response program, including the following:
(A) Location, description, and quantity of all response materials and equipment.
(B) Response procedures for facility personnel to respond to a release.
(C) Contact information for reporting spills, both for facility staff and external emergency response entities.
(3) A written nonstorm water assessment, including the following:
(A) A certification letter stating that storm water discharges entering a water of the state have been evaluated for the presence of illicit discharges and nonstorm water contributions.
(B) Detergent or solvent-based washing of equipment or vehicles that would allow washwater additives to enter any storm drainage system or receiving water shall not be allowed at the facility.
(C) All interior maintenance area floor drains with the potential for maintenance fluids or other materials to enter storm sewers must be either sealed, connected to a sanitary sewer with prior authorization, or appropriately permitted under the NPDES wastewater program pursuant to 327 IAC 5. The sealing, sanitary sewer connecting, or permitting of drains under this clause must be documented in the written nonstorm water assessment program.
(D) The certification shall include a description of the method used, the date of any testing, and the on-site drainage points that were directly observed during the test.
(4) If parameter reductions are not indicated in the comparison conducted under subsection (b)(9) and they cannot be attributed to laboratory error or significant variability in the rainfall events, the source of the pollutant parameter must be investigated and either eliminated or reduced via a management practice or measure to the extent technologically practicable and cost beneficial. A lack of reduction does not, in and of itself, constitute a violation of this permit. However, insufficient reductions may be used to identify facilities that would be more appropriately covered under an individual storm water NPDES permit. If parameter concentrations are at, or below, laboratory detection limitations, further reductions are not necessary.
(d) The SWP3 must meet the following general requirements:
(1) The plan shall be certified by a qualified professional.
(2) The plan must be retained at the facility and be available for review by a representative of the commissioner upon request or, in the case of a storm water discharge exposed to industrial activity that discharges through a regulated municipal separate storm sewer system conveyance, by the operator or operators of the regulated municipal system.
(3) The plan must be completed and implemented on or before three hundred sixty-five (365) days after submission of a timely-submitted initial NOI letter or the expiration date of the previous five (5) year permit term. The commissioner may grant an extension of this time frame based on a request by the person showing reasonable cause.
(4) The person having financial responsibility or operational control for a facility shall complete and submit to the commissioner a storm water pollution prevention plan certification checklist form within thirty (30) days of the plan completion date, but no later than three hundred sixty-five (365) days after the submission of a timely-submitted initial NOI letter or the expiration date of the previous five (5) year permit term. This checklist must also be signed by a qualified professional.
(5) A permittee regulated under this rule shall amend the plan by either of the following:
(A) Whenever there is a change in design, construction, operation, or maintenance at the facility, which may have a significant effect on the potential for the discharge of pollutants to surface waters of the state.
(B) Upon written notice by the commissioner that the SWP3 proves to be ineffective in controlling pollutants in storm water discharges exposed to industrial activity. Within sixty (60) days of such notification from the commissioner, the permittee shall make the required changes to the SWP3 and shall submit the amended plan to the commissioner for review.
(6) If a permittee has other written plans, required under applicable federal or state law, such as operation and maintenance, spill prevention control and countermeasures, or risk contingency plans, which fulfill certain requirements of a SWP3, these plans may be referenced, at the permittee's discretion, in the appropriate sections of the SWP3 to meet those section requirements.
(7) A permittee may combine the requirements of the SWP3 with another written plan if:
(A) the plan is retained at the facility and available for review;
(B) all the requirements of the SWP3 are contained within the plan; and
(C) a separate, labeled section is utilized in the plan for the SWP3 requirements.

Notes

327 IAC 15-6-7
Water Pollution Control Board; 327 IAC 15-6-7; filed Aug 31, 1992, 5:00 p.m.: 16 IR 28; errata filed Sep 10, 1992, 12:00 p.m.: 16 IR 65; errata, 16 IR 898; readopted filed Jan 10, 2001, 3:23 p.m.: 24 IR 1518; filed Oct 27, 2003, 10:15 a.m.: 27 IR 851; errata filed Feb 4, 2004, 1:45 p.m.: 27 IR 2284; readopted filed Nov 21, 2007, 1:16 p.m.: 20071219-IR-327070553BFA Readopted filed Jul 29, 2013, 9:21 a.m.: 20130828-IR-327130176BFA; Readopted filed Jun 14, 2019, 1:59 p.m.: 20190710-IR-327190246BFA

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