Kan. Admin. Regs. § 26-43-205 - Medication management

Current through Register Vol. 41, No. 14, April 7, 2022

(a) Self-administration of medication. Any resident may self-administer and manage medications independently or by using a medication container or syringe prefilled by a licensed nurse or pharmacist or by a family member or friend providing this service gratuitously, if a licensed nurse has performed an assessment and determined that the resident can perform this function safely and accurately without staff assistance.
(1) An assessment shall be completed before the resident initially begins self-administration of medication, if the resident experiences a significant change of condition, and annually.
(2) Each assessment shall include an evaluation of the resident's physical, cognitive, and functional ability to safely and accurately self-administer and manage medications independently or by using a prefilled medication container or prefilled syringe.
(3) The resident's clinical record shall contain documentation of the assessment and the determination.
(4) If a resident self-administers medication with a pre-filled medication container or syringe, the prefilled medication container or syringe shall have a label with the resident's name and the date the container or syringe was prefilled. The label, or a medication administration record provided to the resident, shall also include the name and dosage of each medication and the time or event at which the medication is to be self-administered. Facility staff may remind residents to take medications or inquire as to whether medications were taken.
(b) Administration of select medications. Any resident who self-administers medication may select some medications to be administered by a licensed nurse or medication aide. The negotiated service agreement shall reflect this service and identify who is responsible for the administration and management of selected medications.
(c) Administration of medication by family or friends. Any resident may choose to have personal medication administered by family members or friends gratuitously, pursuant to K.S.A. 65-1124 and amendments thereto.
(d) Facility administration of resident's medications. If a facility is responsible for the administration of a resident's medications, the administrator or operator shall ensure that all medications and biologicals are administered to that resident in accordance with a medical care provider's written order, professional standards of practice, and each manufacturer's recommendations. The administrator or operator shall ensure that all of the following are met:
(1) Only licensed nurses and medication aides shall administer medications for which the facility has responsibility.
(2) Medication aides shall not administer medication through the parenteral route.
(3) A licensed nurse or medication aide shall perform the following:
(A) Administer only the medication that the licensed nurse or medication aide has personally prepared;
(B) identify the resident before medication is administered;
(C) remain with the resident until the medication is ingested or applied; and
(D) document the administration of each resident's medication in the resident's medication administration record immediately before or following completion of the task. If the medication administration record identifies only time intervals or events for the administration of medication, the licensed nurse or medication aide shall document the actual clock time the medication is administered.
(4) Any licensed nurse may delegate nursing procedures not included in the medication aide curriculum to medication aides under the Kansas nurse practice act, K.S.A. 65-1124 and amendments thereto.
(e) Medication orders. Only a licensed nurse or a licensed pharmacist may receive verbal orders for medication from a medical care provider. The licensed nurse shall ensure that all verbal orders are signed by the medical care provider within seven working days of receipt of the verbal order.
(f) Standing orders. Only a licensed nurse shall make the decision for implementation of standing orders for specified medications and treatments formulated and signed by the resident's medical care provider. Standing orders of medications shall not include orders for the administration of schedule II medications or psychophar-macological medications.
(g) Ordering, labeling, and identifying. All medications and biologicals administered by licensed nurses or medication aides shall be ordered from a pharmacy pursuant to a medical care provider's written order.
(1) Any resident who self-administers and manages personal medications may request that a licensed nurse or medication aide reorder the resident's medication from a pharmacy of the resident's choice.
(2) Each prescription medication container shall have a label that was provided by a dispensing pharmacist or affixed to the container by a dispensing pharmacist in accordance with K.A.R. 68-7-14.
(3) A licensed nurse or medication aide may accept over-the-counter medication only in its original, unbroken manufacturer's package. A licensed pharmacist or licensed nurse shall place the full name of the resident on the package. If the original manufacturer's package of an over-the-counter medication contains a medication in a container, bottle, or tube that can be removed from the original package, the licensed pharmacist or a licensed nurse shall place the full name of the resident on both the original manufacturer's medication package and the medication container.
(4) Licensed nurses and medication aides may administer sample medications and medications from indigent medication programs if the administrator or operator ensures the development of policies and implementation of procedures for receiving and identifying sample medications and medications from indigent medication programs that include all of the following conditions:
(A) The medication is not a controlled medication.
(B) A medical care provider's written order accompanies the medication, stating the resident's name; the medication name, strength, dosage, route, and frequency of administration; and any cautionary instructions regarding administration.
(C) A licensed nurse or medication aide receives the medication in its original, unbroken manufacturer's package.
(D) A licensed nurse documents receipt of the medication by entering the resident's name and the medication name, strength, and quantity into a log.
(E) A licensed nurse places identification information on the medication or package containing the medication that includes the medical care provider's name; the resident's name; the medication name, strength, dosage, route, and frequency of administration; and any cautionary instructions as documented on the medical care provider's order. Facility staff consisting of either two licensed nurses or a licensed nurse and a medication aide shall verify that the information on the medication matches the information on the medical care provider's order.
(F) A licensed nurse informs the resident or the resident's legal representative that the medication did not go through the usual process of labeling and initial review by a licensed pharmacist pursuant to K.S.A. 65-1642 and amendments thereto, which requires the identification of both adverse drug interactions or reactions and potential allergies. The resident's clinical record shall contain documentation that the resident or the resident's legal representative has received the information and accepted the risk of potential adverse consequences.
(h) Storage. Licensed nurses and medication aides shall ensure that all medications and biologicals are securely and properly stored in accordance with each manufacturer's recommendations or those of the pharmacy provider and with federal and state laws and regulations.
(1) Licensed nurses or medication aides shall store non-controlled medications and biologicals managed by the facility in a locked medication room, cabinet, or medication cart. Licensed nurses and medication aides shall store controlled medications managed by the facility in separately locked compartments within a locked medication room, cabinet, or medication cart. Only licensed nurses and medication aides shall have access to the stored medications and biologicals.
(2) Each resident managing and self-administering medication shall store medications in a place that is accessible only to the resident, licensed nurses, and medication aides.
(3) Any resident who self-administers medication and is unable to provide proper storage as recommended by the manufacturer or pharmacy provider may request that the medication be stored by the facility.
(4) A licensed nurse or medication aide shall not administer medication beyond the manufacturer's or pharmacy provider's recommended date of expiration.
(i) Accountability and disposition of medications. Licensed nurses and medication aides shall maintain records of the receipt and disposition of all medications managed by the facility in sufficient detail for an accurate reconciliation.
(1) Records shall be maintained documenting the destruction of any deteriorated, outdated, or discontinued controlled medications and biologicals according to acceptable standards of practice by one of the following combinations:
(A) Two licensed nurses; or
(B) a licensed nurse and a licensed pharmacist.
(2) Records shall be maintained documenting the destruction of any deteriorated, outdated, or discontinued non-controlled medications and biologicals according to acceptable standards of practice by any of the following combinations:
(A) Two licensed nurses;
(B) a licensed nurse and a medication aide;
(C) a licensed nurse and a licensed pharmacist; or
(D) a medication aide and a licensed pharmacist.
(j) Clinical record. The administrator or operator, or the designee, shall ensure that the clinical record of each resident for whom the facility manages the resident's medication or prefills medication containers or syringes contains the following documentation:
(1) A medical care provider's order for each medication;
(2) the name of the pharmacy provider of the resident's choice;
(3) any known medication allergies; and
(4) the date and the 12-hour or 24-hour clock time any medication is administered to the resident.
(k) Medication regimen review. The administrator or operator, or the designee, shall offer each resident a medication regimen review to be conducted by a licensed pharmacist or a licensed nurse at least quarterly and each time the resident experiences any significant change in condition. A licensed nurse shall document the resident's decision in the resident's clinical record.
(1) The medication regimen review shall identify any potential or current medication-related problems, including the following:
(A) Lack of clinical indication for use of medication;
(B) the use of subtherapeutic dose of any medication;
(C) failure of the resident to receive an ordered medication;
(D) medications administered in excessive dosage, including duplicate therapy;
(E) medications administered in excessive duration;
(F) adverse medication reactions;
(G) medication interactions; and
(H) lack of adequate monitoring.
(2) The licensed pharmacist or licensed nurse shall report each variance identified in the medication regimen review to the resident's medical care provider.
(3) The administrator or operator, or the designee, shall ensure that the medication regimen review is kept in each resident's clinical record.
(l) At least annually, the administrator or operator shall ensure that a licensed pharmacist or a licensed nurse conducts an educational program on medication usage and health-related topics for the residents, the residents' legal representatives, and the residents' families.

Notes

Kan. Admin. Regs. § 26-43-205
Authorized by and implementing K.S.A. 39-932; effective May 29, 2009.

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