Md. Code Regs. - Control of Sanitary Facilities

Current through Register Vol. 49, No. 8, April 8, 2022

The person-in-charge shall ensure that:

A. Potable water is:
(1) Obtained from a water supply system that complies with Environment Article, Title 9, Annotated Code of Maryland, and COMAR 26.04.04; and
(2) Meets the standards of quality specified in Environment Article, Title 9, Annotated Code of Maryland, and COMAR 26.04.01;
B. Non-potable water for non-culinary purposes such as air conditioning or fire protection is used only if the system complies with §H(3) of this regulation;
C. Except for a temporary food service facility where water under pressure is not available, hot and cold running water under pressure is provided:
(1) In all areas where:
(a) Food is prepared; and
(b) Equipment and utensils are washed; and
(2) With sufficient water capacity, pressure, and hot water generation and distribution to meet peak demands throughout the facility;
D. Drinking water, if not dispensed through the water supply system of the food service facility, is potable and stored in a container that meets all applicable laws, ordinances, and regulations;
E. Steam that contacts food is free from deleterious or harmful matter that might adulterate food;
F. All water-carried sewage is disposed of by:
(1) A public sewerage system; or
(2) An approved sewage disposal system constructed and operated in conformance with applicable State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations;
G. Where water-carried disposal methods are not possible, non-water-carried sewage disposal facilities are utilized if:
(1) The method has been approved by the approving authority as meeting State and local requirements; and
(2) The facilities are:
(a) In conformance with applicable State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations; and
(b) Located outside and not attached to the establishment;
H. Plumbing is sized, installed, and maintained so that:
(1) The plumbing complies with applicable State and local plumbing laws, ordinances, and regulations;
(2) The potable water supply system is:
(a) Installed in a manner that prevents backflow or backsiphonage; and
(b) Not connected with a non-potable water system in a manner that would allow non-potable water to be drawn or discharged into the potable water supply system;
(3) The piping of a non-potable water system is:
(a) Marked so that the piping is readily distinguishable from piping that carries potable water, such as with distinctive yellow-colored paint; and
(b) Not connected to equipment or other outlets in the food preparation area;
(4) Indirect waste piping is provided to a:
(a) Food preparation or utensil washing sink;
(b) Refrigerator coil;
(c) Ice making machine;
(d) Steam kettle;
(e) Coffee urn or brewer;
(f) Hot or cold drink machine;
(g) Steam table;
(h) Potato peeler;
(i) Warewashing machine, unless:
(i) The machine is located within 5 feet of a trapped floor drain; and
(ii) The waste piping is connected directly to the inlet side of a floor drain trap vented in conformance with applicable State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations; and
(j) Similar piece of equipment in which food, portable equipment, or utensils are placed;
(5) Each compartment of a multiple compartment sink is indirectly drained to a trapped and vented plumbing receptor through an air gap that complies with State and local laws, regulations, and ordinances:
(a) From a separate pipe through the air gap and into the plumbing receptor; or
(b) Through the air gap into a single manifolded branch and into the plumbing receptor;
(6) Plumbing receptors receiving the discharge of indirect waste pipes:
(a) Have a shape and capacity that will prevent splashing or flooding; and
(b) Are accessible for cleaning and inspection;
(7) Food waste grinders are connected and trapped separately from other fixtures or sink compartments;
(8) Floor drains subject to evaporation have:
(a) A water seal of at least 4 inches;
(b) Water fed from a plumbing fixture that complies with State and local laws, regulations, and ordinances; or
(c) An automatic priming device that complies with State and local laws, regulations, and ordinances;
(9) Floor drains in storerooms, refrigerated rooms, walk-in coolers, or other locations where food is stored, have indirect waste piping;
(10) Hand sinks in food preparation tables and counters discharge through an air gap into a floor sink or receptor that is trapped and vented; and
(11) Except when required by building design, waste pipes and fixtures are:
(a) Not located over food storage, preparation, or serving areas; and
(b) Where installed over food storage, preparation, or serving areas, food is protected by one or more of the following:
(i) Pipe joining methods that will preclude leakage;
(ii) Using wall-mounted fixtures;
(iii) Limiting the number of pipe joints;
(iv) Pressure testing the piping;
(v) Thermally insulating pipes to prevent condensation; and
(vi) Installing integral seepage pans or pipe sleeves;
I. Toilet facilities are:
(1) Sufficient in number to serve the facility;
(2) Conveniently located;
(3) Accessible to employees at all times;
(4) Except as specified in Health-General Article, § 21-325(b), Annotated Code of Maryland, for facilities established after January 1, 1979, provided for patrons whenever a food service facility:
(a) Prepares food and provides seating; or
(b) Is a carry-out facility with indoor tables used for dining;
(5) Installed in accordance with applicable State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations;
(6) Designed with fixtures that are:
(a) Of sanitary design; and
(b) Readily cleanable;
(7) Kept:
(a) Clean;
(b) In good repair; and
(c) Free of objectionable odor; and
(8) Supplied with:
(a) Toilet tissue at each toilet at all times; and
(b) Receptacles that are easily cleanable and covered for waste materials in toilet rooms for women;
J. Toilet rooms:
(1) Are completely enclosed;
(2) Are equipped with self-closing doors except when a toilet room without doors is approved by the approving authority based on a review that shows that:
(a) Doors would impede the use of the toilet room; and
(b) The requirements in §J(3)-(6) of this regulation are met;
(3) Provide privacy;
(4) Are provided mechanical ventilation that:
(a) Exhausts air at the rate of 2 cubic feet per minute per square foot of floor area; and
(b) Allows the entrance of an equal amount of makeup air;
(5) Prevent the entry of insects and vermin; and
(6) Do not open directly into the kitchen or food preparation areas;
K. Hand washing facilities are:
(1) Located:
(a) In each food preparation and processing area;
(b) In each utensil washing area; and
(c) Adjacent to all toilet rooms;
(2) Accessible at all times;
(3) Equipped with an adequate supply of hand-cleaning soap or detergent;
(4) Equipped with a means of drying hands, such as:
(a) Individual towels in dispensers; or
(b) An effective hand-drying device;
(5) Equipped with a waste receptacle; and
(6) Kept clean and in good repair;
L. Hand sinks are:
(1) Installed in accordance with applicable State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations;
(2) Able to discharge:
(a) Hot and cold running water; or
(b) Tempered running water at a temperature of at least 100°F through:
(i) A mixing valve;
(ii) A combination faucet; or
(iii) Any slow closing or metering faucet that provides a flow of water for at least 15 seconds before the faucet has to be reactivated; and
M. Utensil washing vats, food preparation sinks, or mop sinks are not used as hand sinks.


Md. Code Regs.
Regulations .18 adopted effective March 4, 1991 (18:4 Md. R. 447)
Regulation .18A amended effective February 15, 1993 (20:3 Md. R. 259)
Regulations .18 adopted effective December 17, 2007 (34:25 Md. R. 2211)
Regulation .18H, I amended effective March 19, 2010 (37:4 Md. R. 341)

The following state regulations pages link to this page.

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