emergency" means any immediately life threatening condition and shall include
but is not limited to the following conditions.
(a) severe, profuse bleeding
(b) choking, blocked airway
(d) cardiac arrest
(e) cardio-vascular accident
(f) any fracture
(g) extensive burns
(h) severe cuts
(i) other similar severe injury
(j) other sudden signs of serious physical
(k) any condition where
delay in treatment will endanger the life, limb or mental well being of the
patient. See M.G.L. c. 112, § 12F.
(2) Possibility that a disease may
deteriorate to an irreversible condition at an uncertain but relatively distant
date is not an emergency. See In the Matter of Guardianship of Richard
Roe, III, 421 N.E.2d 40, 55; 383 Mass. 415 (1981). In determining
whether a medical emergency exists the relevant time period to be examined
begins when the claimed emergency arises, and ends when the individual who
seeks to act in the emergency could, with reasonable diligence, obtain parental
consent or judicial review, as applicable.
there is a medical emergency, no one's consent is required in order to allow a
child to receive necessary medical care. See M.G.L. c. 112,