935 CMR 501.120 - Additional Operational Requirements for the Cultivation, Acquisition, and Distribution of Marijuana

(1) In addition to the general operational requirements for MTCs required under 935 CMR 501.105 and security requirements provided in 935 CMR 501.110, MTCs shall comply with additional operational requirements for the cultivation, acquisition, and distribution of Marijuana required under 935 CMR 501.120.
(2) Except as authorized by 935 CMR 501.140(3)(c) and unless otherwise authorized by the Commission, only an MTC is permitted to cultivate medical-use Marijuana, except for a Registered Qualifying Patient granted a Hardship Cultivation Registration or that Patient's Personal Caregiver. Prior to commencing operations, MTCs shall disclose all growing media and plant nutrients intended to be used during the cultivation process. In all instances, MTCs shall disclose all growing media and plant nutrients being used upon request.
(3) Unless otherwise authorized by the Commission, a cultivation location of an MTC may cultivate Marijuana for only that MTC, and up to two additional MTCs locations operated by the same entity Owner.
(4) All phases of the cultivation of Marijuana shall take place in a designated, Limited Access Areas where Marijuana is not visible from a public place without the use of binoculars, aircraft or other optical aids. Marijuana is not visible if it cannot be reasonably identified.
(5) Application of Pesticides shall be performed in compliance with M.G.L. c. 132B, and 333 CMR 2.00: General Information through 333 CMR 14.00: Protection of Children and Families from Harmful Pesticides. Any testing results indicating noncompliance shall be immediately reported to the Commission, who may refer any such result to the MDAR.
(6) An MTC selling or otherwise Transferring Marijuana to another MTC or Marijuana Establishment shall provide documentation of its compliance, or lack thereof, with the testing requirements of 935 CMR 501.160.
(7) An MTC may label Marijuana and MIPS with the word "organic" only if all cultivation is consistent with US Department of Agriculture organic requirements at 7 CFR Part 205 and consistent with the MDAR requirements for Pesticide usage.
(8) Soil for cultivation shall meet federal standards identified by the Commission including, but not limited to, the US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's Environmental Media Evaluation Guidelines for residential soil levels.
(9) The cultivation process shall use best practices to limit contamination including, but not limited to, mold, fungus, bacterial diseases, rot, pests, Pesticides not in compliance with 935 CMR 501.120(5), mildew, and any other contaminant identified as posing potential harm. Best practices shall be consistent with state and local law including, but not limited to, the Commission's Guidance on Integrated Pest Management.
(10) Any application of plant nutrient to land used for the cultivation of Marijuana shall comply with St. 2012, c. 262, as amended by St. 2013, c. 118, § 26, and 330 CMR 31.00: Plant Nutrient Application Requirements for Agricultural Land and Non-agricultural Turf and Lawns.
(11) MTC cultivation operations shall satisfy minimum energy efficiency and equipment standards established by the Commission and meet all applicable environmental laws, regulations, permits and other applicable approvals including, but not limited to, those related to water quality and quantity, wastewater, solid and hazardous waste management, and air pollution control, including prevention of odor and noise pursuant to 310 CMR 7.00: Air Pollution Control as a condition of obtaining a final License under 935 CMR 501.103(2) and as a condition of renewal under 935 CMR 501.103(4). MTC cultivation operations shall adopt and use additional best management practices as determined by the Commission, in consultation with the working group established under St. 2017, c. 55, § 78(b) or applicable departments or divisions of the EOEEA, to reduce energy and water usage, engage in energy conservation and mitigate other environmental impacts, and shall provide energy and water usage reporting to the Commission in a form determined by the Commission. Each License renewal application under 935 CMR 501.103(4) must include a report of the MTC cultivation operations' energy and water usage over the 12-month period preceding the date of application.
(12) MTC cultivation operations shall be subject to the following minimum energy efficiency and equipment standards:
(a) The building envelope for all facilities, except Greenhouses, shall meet minimum Massachusetts Building Code requirements and all Massachusetts amendments (780 CMR: State Building Code), International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) Section C.402 or The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Chapters 5.4 and 5.5 as applied or incorporated by reference in 780 CMR: State Building Code, except that facilities using existing buildings may demonstrate compliance by showing that the envelope insulation complies with code minimum standards for Type Factory Industrial F-1, as further defined in guidelines issued by the Commission.

Lighting used for MTC cultivation operations shall meet one of the following compliance paths:

1. Horticulture Lighting Power Density may not exceed 36 watts per square foot, except for Tier 1 and Tier 2 which may not exceed 50 watts per square foot;
2. All horticultural lighting used in a facility is listed on the current Design Lights Consortium Solid-State Horticultural Lighting Qualified Products List ("Horticultural QPL") or other similar list approved by the Commission as of the date of License application, and lighting Photosynthetic Photon Efficacy (PPE) is at least 15 % above the minimum Horticultural QPL threshold rounded up to the nearest 0.1 pmol/J (micromoles per joule); or
3. A facility seeking to use horticultural lighting not included on the Horticultural QPL or other similar list approved by the Commission shall seek a waiver pursuant to 935 CMR 501.850 and provide documentation of third-party certification of the energy efficiency features of the proposed lighting. All facilities, regardless of compliance path, shall provide third-party safety certification by an OSHA NRTL or SCC-recognized body, which shall certify that products meet a set of safety requirements and standards deemed applicable to horticultural lighting products by that safety organization.
(b) Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) and dehumidification systems shall meet Massachusetts State Building Code requirements and all Massachusetts amendments (780 CMR: State Building Code), IECC Section C.403 or ASHRAE Chapter 6 as applied or incorporated by reference in (780 CMR: State Building Code). As part of the documentation required under 935 CMR 501.120(11) an MTC engaged in cultivation operations shall provide a certification from a Massachusetts Licensed Mechanical Engineer that the HVAC and dehumidification systems meet Massachusetts building code as specified in 935 CMR 501.120(11) and that such systems have been evaluated and sized for the anticipated loads of the facility.
(c) Safety protocols shall be established and documented to protect workers, Qualifying Patients, or Visitors (e.g., eye protection near operating Horticultural Lighting Equipment).
(d) The requirements in 935 CMR 501.120 (12)(b) and (c) may not be required if an indoor MTC cultivation operation is generating 80% or more of the total annual on-site energy use for all fuels (expressed on a MWh basis) from an on-site clean or renewable generating source, or renewable thermal generation, as provided in M.G.L. c. 25A, §§ 11F and 11F½. Additionally, the Licensee shall document that renewable energy credits or alternative energy credits representing the portion of the Licensee's energy usage not generated on-site have been purchased and retired on an annual basis.
(e) Prior to final licensure, an MTC applicant shall demonstrate compliance with 935 CMR 501.120 (11) by submitting an energy compliance letter prepared by a Massachusetts Licensed Professional Engineer or Massachusetts Licensed Registered Architect with supporting documentation, together with submission of building plans under 935 CMR 501.103(1)(a). To the extent updates are required to the information provided for initial licensure, the MTC shall submit an updated energy compliance letter prepared by a Massachusetts Licensed Professional Engineer or Massachusetts Licensed Registered Architect with supporting documentation, together with a renewal application submitted under 935 CMR 501.103(4).
(f) A CMO with a final Certificate of Licensure issued before November 1, 2019 shall have until July 1, 2020 to comply with 935 CMR 501.120(11), except that any additions to or renovations to a facility shall comply with 935 CMR 501.120(11). An MTC with a final Certificate of Licensure issued before November 1, 2019 shall have until January 1, 2021 to comply with 935 CMR 501.120(11), except that any additions to or renovations to a facility shall comply with 935 CMR 501.120(11). An MTC subject to 935 CMR 501.120(12)(g) may apply for an additional six-month extension if it agrees to install meters to monitor energy usage, water usage and other data determined by the Commission as necessary in order to provide reports on energy usage, water usage, waste production and other data in a form and manner determined by the Commission.
(g) For purposes of 935 CMR 501.120(11), the following terms shall have the following meanings:
1. Horticultural Lighting Equipment (HLE) means any lighting equipment (e.g. fixtures, bulbs, ballasts, controls, etc.) that uses energy for the cultivation of plants, at any stage of growth (e.g. germination, cloning/mother plants, Propagation, Vegetation, Flowering, and harvest).
2. Horticulture Lighting Square Footage (HLSF) means an area to be calculated in square feet and measured using clearly identifiable boundaries of all areas(s) that will contain plants at any point in time, at any stage of growth, including all of the space(s) within the boundaries, HLSF may be noncontiguous, but each unique area included in the total HLSF calculations shall be separated by an identifiable boundary which includes, but is not limited to: interior walls, shelves, Greenhouse walls, hoop house walls, garden benches, hedge rows, fencing, garden beds, or garden plots. If plants are being cultivated using a shelving system, the surface area of each level shall be included in the total HLSF calculation.
3. Lighting Power Density (HLPD) means a measure of total watts of Horticultural Lighting Equipment per total Horticulture Lighting Square Footage, (HLE/HLSF = HLPD) expressed as number of watts per square foot.
(13) In addition to the written operating policies required under 935 CMR 501.105(1), MTC cultivation operations, including CMO Marijuana Cultivators, shall maintain written policies and procedures for the cultivation, production, Transfer or distribution of Marijuana, as applicable, which shall include, but not be limited to:
(a) Methods for identifying, recording, and reporting diversion, theft, or loss, for correcting all errors and inaccuracies in inventories, and for maintaining accurate inventory. The policies and procedures, at a minimum, shall comply with 935 CMR 501.105(8);
(b) Policies and procedures for handling voluntary and mandatory recalls of Marijuana. Such procedures shall be adequate to deal with recalls due to any action initiated at the request or order of the Commission, and any voluntary action by an MTC to remove defective or potentially defective Marijuana from the market, as well as any action undertaken to promote public health and safety;
(c) Policies and procedures for ensuring that any outdated, damaged, deteriorated, mislabeled, or contaminated Marijuana is segregated from other Marijuana and destroyed. Such procedures shall provide for written documentation of the disposition of the Marijuana. The policies and procedures, at a minimum, shall comply with 935 CMR 501.105(12);
(d) Policies and Procedures for Transportation. The policies and procedures, at a minimum, shall comply with 935 CMR 501.105(13);
(e) Policies and procedures to reduce energy and water usage, engage in energy conservation and mitigate other environmental impacts. The policies and procedures, at a minimum, shall comply with 935 CMR 501.105(15) and 501.120(11);
(f) Policies and procedures for ensuring fire safety in cultivation activities including, but not limited to, the storage and processing of chemicals or fertilizers, in compliance with the standards set forth in 527 CMR 1.00: Massachusetts Comprehensive Fire Code; and
(g) Policies and procedures for the Transfer, acquisition, or sale of Marijuana between MTCs and Marijuana Establishments.

Notes

935 CMR 501.120
Adopted by Mass Register Issue 1403, eff. 11/1/2019. Amended by Mass Register Issue 1406, eff. 11/1/2019. Amended by Mass Register Issue 1434, eff. 1/8/2021. Amended by Mass Register Issue 1436, eff. 1/8/2021. Amended by Mass Register Issue 1441, eff. 1/8/2021. Amended by Mass Register Issue 1507, eff. 10/27/2023.

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